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Fard Ayn

Religious obligations in Islam which are obligatory are divided between fard ‘ayn , duties incumbent upon each individual and fard kifayah, those incumbent on the community as a whole.


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Fard `Ayn; is an act that is obligatory on every individual such as praying and fasting and he will be sinful if he does not do that.[1]



There are numerous examples of Individual Obligations or Fard Ayn in Islam. Some of them are:

1. All Individual acts of Worship such as Salah, Fasting, Zakah, Hajj, etc


2. Islamic Knowledge: Some Islamic knowledge is obligatory for every accountable individual to learn. This is called fard ‘ayn (individual obligation). The definition is: if it has to do with an act of worship that he is obliged to do, or a transaction that he wants to engage in (then he must learn it).[2]


3. Prayer in congregation is obligatory for healthy men in the mosque, according to the more correct scholarly opinion.[3]


4. Returning the greeting of salaam is obligatory if the greeting is given to one person.


5. With regard to accepting invitations, if the invitation is to a wedding feast, then the majority of scholars are of the view that it is obligatory to accept unless there is a legitimate shar‘i reason not to do so.


6. Saying Yarhamuk Allah is an individual obligation upon everyone who hears the one who sneezed say Al-hamdu Lillah.[4]


See Also: Fard Al Kifaya; Islamic Shariah; Pillars of Islam; Pillars of Eeman; Seeking knowledge











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