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It is the official language in Turkey with a population of over 72 million and also in the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Also referred to as Istanbul Turkishor Anatolian Turkish. The major member of the Turkic language family, which is a subfamily of the Altaic languages. Turkish is widely spoken in Cyprus, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Albania and some other regions of Eastern Europe, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland and France also has large Turkish immigrant communities, the most populous Turkish community being in Germany. and elsewhere in Europe and the Middle East. With Gagauz, Azerbaijani (sometimes called Azeri), Turkmen, and Khorāsān Turkic, it forms the southwestern, or Oğuz, branch of the Turkic languages.


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Modern Turkish is the descendant of Ottoman Turkish and its predecessor, so-called Old Anatolian Turkish, which was introduced into Anatolia by the Seljuq Turks in the late 11th century ad. Old Turkish gradually absorbed a great many Arabic and Persian words and even grammatical forms and was written in Arabic script. After the founding of the Turkish republic in 1923, the Arabic script was replaced by the Latin alphabet (1928). The reform of the language was initiated and supported by the Turkish republican government.


Official status

Turkish is the official language of Turkey and is one of the official languages of Cyprus. It also has official (but not primary) status in the Prizren District of Kosovoand several municipalities of the Republic of Macedonia, depending on the concentration of Turkish-speaking local population.

Number of Speakers of Turkish

Turkish is spoken by around 77 million people worldwide, the majority of which live in Turkey, where it is the official language. Significant numbers of Turkish speakers can also be found in Bulgaria, Cyprus (where Turkish is a co-official language with Greek), Greece, Macedonia, Romania, and Uzbekistan.


Turkish language on websites

Turkish language on websites ranks on 13th on its content available on net and it is 1.1% in terms of percentage.


Relation with Other Languages

Turkish is understood in many countries of Central Asia and is a member of the Turkish or Western subgroup of the Oghuz languages, which includes Gagauz and Azeri.Some linguists believe Turkic languages are part of a larger Altaic language family that also include Mongolic, Tungusic, Korean and Japonic.


First Publication

The earliest examples of Turkish writing are the two monumental Orkhon inscriptions which are written in Orkhon script, or "Turkic runes". Dating back to 735 CE, they were erected in honour of the prince KulTigin and his brother Emperor Bilge Khan and were found in the Orkhon river valley in Mongolia in the 19th century.


Regulatory Body

In Turkey, the regulatory body for Turkish is the Turkish Language Association(TürkDilKurumu or TDK), which was founded in 1932 under the name TürkDiliTetkikCemiyeti ("Society for Research on the Turkish Language").



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