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Slovak language, Slovak Slovenčina,  West Slavic language closely related to Czech, Polish, and the Sorbian languages of eastern Germany. It is the official language of Slovakia.


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Slovak is written in the Roman (Latin) alphabet. Although there are traces of the Slovak language in Latin documents of the 11th–15th century and in the Czech of the 14th–16th century, the earliest-known attempts to increase the use of written Slovak came in the 17th and 18th centuries, when Roman Catholics centred at the University of Trnava tried to introduce Slovak for use in their hymnal and other church books. The language did not become accepted as a literary language, however, until a group led by the Protestant L’udovít Štúr (1815–56) began to write in the central Slovak dialects. The language of these writings, as modified and codified by Martin Hattala in his grammar of 1852, rapidly gained approval and was accepted as standard.


Documents in Slovak started to appear in the 15th century, however a widely accepted literary standard for Slovak did not emerge until the 19th century. Slovak literature flourished between 1918 and 1938 when the Slovak-speaking area became part of Czechoslovakia, though the Czech majority did not all recognize the separate status of the Slovak language.



There are many varieties of Slovak. These may be divided in four basic groups:

  • Eastern Slovak dialects(in Spiš, Šariš, Zemplín and Abov).
  • Central Slovak dialects (in Liptov, Orava, Turiec, Tekov, Hont, Novohrad, Gemer and the historic Zvolen county).
  • Western Slovak dialects (in remaining Slovakia: Kysuce, Trenčín, Trnava, Nitra, Záhorie).
  • Lowland (dolnozemské) Slovak dialects (outside Slovakia in the Pannonian Plainin Serbian Vojvodina, and in southeastern Hungary, western Romania, and the Croatian part of Syrmia).


It has about 6.5 million speakers.


Slovak language on websites

Slovak language on websites ranks on 34th on its content available on net and it is 0.1% in terms of percentage.


Regulatory body

Ministry of culture of the Slovak republic.





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