RAUDHA TUL JANNAH OR RAWDATUL RIAZ UL JANNAH
RIAZ-UL-JANNA", In Arabic, Riaz means Garden and Janna means Heaven. Therefore, this part of "Masjid-e-Nabvi" is called the Garden of Heaven.
The area between the sacred chamber and the Pulpit (Minbar) is known as the Riadhul ul Jannah i.e. Garden of Paradise. It is presently distinguished by a green carpet and is also referred to as Rawdah.
The superiority of the place between the pulpit and the grave (of the Prophetﷺ- perform two rak'ats optional salah after entering the Mosque, preferably in the Rawdah, Sahih Al Bukhari 1153because Prophet said about Rawdah "What is between my house and my Mimbar is one of the meadows of the Garden."Sahih al-Bukhari 1196, Muwatta Malik Book 14, Hadith 467 and Tirmidhi Book 49, Hadith 4294
The Prophet (ﷺ) prayed for about 16 months facing towards Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem on his arrival in Madinah. If one was to walk away from the ‘Aisha column’, leaving it towards your back, the fifth column will be in line with the door marked as Bab-e-Jibraeel. This fifth column was the approximate praying spot of the Prophet (ﷺ) for the above period. It was near to the extreme north boundary of the original mosque.
Narrated Jabir bin `Abdullah: The Prophet (ﷺ) used to stand by a tree or a date-palm on Friday. Then an Ansari woman or man said. "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! Shall we make a pulpit for you?" He replied, "If you wish." So they made a pulpit for him and when it was Friday, he proceeded towards the pulpit (for delivering the sermon). The datepalm cried like a child! The Prophet (ﷺ) descended (the pulpit) and embraced it while it continued moaning like a child being quietened. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "It was crying for (missing) what it used to hear of religious knowledge given near to it." Sahih al-Bukhari 3584
The Prophet (ﷺ) used to stand on the third rung while delivering his sermons. When Abu Bakr (r.a.) became caliph, he stood on the second rung and Umar bin Khattab (r.a.) stood on the first. Caliph Usman bin Affan did as Umar (r.a.) had done for six years before he returned to the old position of the Prophet. Amir Muawiyyah (r.a.) made a pulpit consisting of nine rungs. The leaders started sitting on the seventh rung. The pulpit has since been kept in this form and the Khateeb has been sitting on the seventh rung since that time.