PROPHET MUHAMMAD’S ﷺ- MANNERS & CHARACTERISTICS
A call may be there, strong and sound in principle, but lacking the man able to propagate it and carry it through. Such a call will inevitably fail. At the start, the requisite personality for advocating a call is more important than a written programmed or a worked-out scheme. To succeed in his mission, the advocate of a new call must be in possession of those rare qualities which are essential elements of success. Now, did the personality of Muhammad, the Prophet, possess such traits?
It may be important in this connection to point out that many Muslim historians attributed to revelation all the wonderful traits of the Prophet. Revelation, it is claimed, guided him in big and little, in the trivial as well as in the momentous, to the entire exclusion of any inborn personality in Muhammad himself. The influence exerted by revelation can in no way be denied, the Qur'an being the main source. But the Messenger, upon whom be peace, could not have properly delivered the divine message without having been endowed with the proper personality for carrying such a tremendous task through. He had to use his initiative in adapting the manner of delivery to the mentality of the various peoples addressed, so widely divergent in class and character.
Had he lacked the necessary intellect, wisdom and foresight, he would not have been able to carry out his mission with such conviction and success. Nor could he have been the man chosen by God. This point was amply expounded by all biographers who had written about Islam and the life of the Prophet Muhammad.
About himself on manners and characteristics, the prophet(S) said: "Allah has sent me as an apostle so that I may demonstrate perfection of character, refinement of manners and loftiness of deportment." Maalik 169 and Musnad Ahmad 8952
By nature he was gentle and kind hearted, always inclined to be gracious and to overlook the faults of others. Politeness and courtesy, compassion and tenderness, simplicity and humility, sympathy and sincerity were some of the keynotes of his character. In the cause of right and justice he could be resolute and severe but more often than not, his severity was tempered with generosity. He had charming manners which won him the affection of his followers and secured their devotion. Though virtual king of Arabia and an apostle of Allaah, he never assumed an air of superiority. Not that he had to conceal any such vein by practice and artifice: with fear of Allaah, sincere humility was ingrained in his heart.
Allah Says on the manners and characters of Prophet as (translation): By the Mercy of Allah, you are gentle towards the people; if you had been stern and ill-tempered, they would have dispersed from round about you. Quran, Surah Al’e Imran 3: 159 And indeed, you are of a great moral character. Quran, Surah Qalam 68:4
The Messenger ﷺhad an excellent, complete and sound intellect. No man has ever had an intellect as complete and perfect as his. Qadhi Iyaadh, may Allah have mercy on him, said:
This becomes clear to an individual when the researcher reads the Prophet’s biography and understands his state of affairs, and his meaningful and inclusive utterances and traditions, his good manners, ethics and moral character, his knowledge of the Torah and Gospel and other Divine Scriptures, and his knowledge of statements of the wise, and knowledge of by-gone nations, and ability to strike examples and implement policies and correct emotional manners. He was an example and paradigm to which his people could relate to in all branches of knowledge; acts of worship, medicine, laws of inheritance, lineage, and other matters as well. He knew and learned all of this without reading or examining the Scriptures of those before us, nor did he sit with their scholars. The Prophet had no formal schooling, and was without knowledge of the above before being commissioned as a Prophet, nor could he read or write. The Prophet ﷺwas wise to the fullest extent of his mental capacity. God, the Exalted, informed him of some of what had taken place (in the past) and of that which would take place in the future. This is a sign that the Dominion belongs to God, and that He is capable over all things.
The Prophet ﷺwould always do deeds through which he would seek the pleasure of God. He was harmed and abused when he invited and called people to Islam; yet he was patient and endured all of this, and hoped for the reward of God. Abdullah b. Masood said: "The Prophet ﷺresembled a prophet who was harmed by his people. He wiped the blood from his face and said: ‘O Allah! Forgive my nation, for they have no knowledge!" Sahih al-Bukhari 3477 (Vol. 4, Book 55, Hadith 683)
Jundub b. Sufyaan said that the Messenger’s finger bled during one of the battles, and he said: "You are but a finger which has bled; which suffers in the path of God." (Bukhari #2648)
The Prophet ﷺwas sincere and honest in all his matters, as God had ordered him. Allah, the Exalted, says: "Say, Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for God, Lord of the worlds. No partner has He. And this I have been commanded and I am the first (among you) of the Muslims." Quran Surah Anam 6:162-163
The Prophet ﷺwas a living example for all humans to follow. His wife A’ishah was asked about his manners, and she said, "His manners were the Qur’an."
In this statement, A’ishah meant that the Prophet ﷺabided by its laws and commands and abstained from its prohibitions, and observed the virtuous deeds mentioned in it. The Prophet ﷺsaid: "God has sent me to perfect good manners and to do good deeds." Musnad Ahmad 8952
Allah, the Exalted, described the Prophet ﷺsaying: "And indeed, you are of a great moral character" Quran surah Qalam 68:4
Anas b. Malik served the Prophet ﷺfor ten years; He was with him day in and day out, both when the Prophet ﷺtraveled and when he was a resident in Madeenah. He was knowledgeable of the Prophet’s manners. He said: "The Prophet ﷺdid not swear at anyone, nor was he rude, nor did he curse anyone. If he desired to reprimand someone, he would say: ‘What is wrong with him, may dust be cast in his face!" Sahih Al Bukhari 5684
The Prophet ﷺshowed good manners and was courteous to all, even to children. Once when the Prophet was in a gathering, a drink was brought to the Prophet ﷺand he drank from it. On his right side there was a young boy and on his left side were elderly men. Feeling obliged by the respect of elders, and not wanting to hurt the feelings of the child, he asked the young boy:
"Do you mind if I give the drink to them?’ The young boy said: ‘O Prophet of God! By God! I would not prefer anyone to drink from the place you drank. This is my fair share.’ The Messenger of God ﷺhanded the boy the drink." Sahih al-Bukhari 2605 (Vol. 3, Book 47, Hadith 776 )
Whenever a situation occurred which called for reconciliation, the Prophet ﷺwould hurry to resolve it. Once when he heard that the people of Qubaa’ disputed with each other about a matter, the Prophet ﷺsaid: "Let us go to resolve the situation and make peace between them." Sahih Al Bukhari 2547
If the Prophet ﷺsaw an act which opposed a tenet of the religion, he would reprimand it in a suitable manner. Abdullah b. Abbas said: The Messenger of God pbuh saw a man wearing a gold ring20, so he reached for it, [and] removed it…. He then said: "Would one of you seek a burning charcoal and place it on his hand?!"
The man was later told, after the Prophet pbuh left: ‘Take your ring! Make good use of it [by selling it].’ The man said: ‘No, by God! I will never take it after the Messenger of God pbuh cast it away.’ Sahih Muslim 2090 (Book 24, Hadith 5209)
Abu Saeed al-Khudri said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: "Whoever of you sees an evil action, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart…" Sahih Muslim 49 a (Book 1, Hadith 79)
A companion passed by the Prophet ﷺwhile he was not in a state of purification. He greeted him with God’s name, but the Prophet ﷺdid not return the greeting until he performed ablution and apologized saying: "I disliked that I should mention God’s name while I am not in a state of purity." Ibn Khuzaimah 206
The Messenger of God ﷺwould busy himself with the remembrance of God; he would not talk in vain. He would lengthen his prayers and shorten the speech, and he would not hesitate to help and take care of the needs of a needy, poor or widow. Ibn Hib’ban 6423
A’ishah said that the Prophet of God ﷺused to pray during the night until his feet would swell. She said, ‘Why do you do this, O Messenger of God, while God has forgiven your past and future sins?’ The Prophet ﷺreplied: "Shall I not be a grateful slave (of God)?" Sahih al-Bukhari 6471 (Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 478)
Once some companions came to the Prophet ﷺcomplaining about a tribe, namely the Daws, who refused to accept Islam, asking him to curse them. The Prophet ﷺraised his hands in prayer and instead said: "O Allah guide the tribe of Daws and bring them to Islam!" Sahih Muslim 2524 (Book 31, Hadith 6132)
The companions knew the Prophet ﷺto be the most beautiful of people. One companion said: "The Prophet ﷺwas a person of average height. His shoulders were wide. His hair reached his earlobes. Once I saw him adorned in a red garment; I never saw anything more beautiful than him." Sunan an-Nasa'i 5232(Vol. 6, Book 48, Hadith 5234)
There are many examples in the Prophet’s life which prove that he had no concern for the pleasures of this life. Abdullah b. Masood said: "The Messenger of God ﷺwent to sleep on a mat. He stood up and he had marks on his side due to the mat that he had slept on. We said: ‘O Messenger of God, shall we not make [a proper] bedding for you?’ He said: ‘What do I have to do with this world? I am only like a wayfarer upon a mount that stopped to take shade and rest under a tree, and then leaves it behind and continues on the journey." Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2377 (Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2377)
Amr’ b. al-Haarith said: "The Messenger of God ﷺdid not leave any gold or silver currency, or a slave, male or female, after his death. He only left behind his white mule, his weapons and a piece of land which he declared as Charity." Sahih al-Bukhari 4461 (Vol. 5, Book 59, Hadith 738)
Sahl b. Sa’d said: The Prophet ﷺhad more care for those around him than for his own self.
"A woman gave the Messenger of God ﷺa Burdah (gown). The Prophet ﷺasked his Companions: ‘Do you know what a Burdah is?’ They replied, ‘Yes, O Prophet of God! It is a piece of woven cloth [similar to a shawl]. The woman said: ‘O Prophet of God! I have woven this shawl with my own hands, for you to wear.’ The Messenger of God ﷺtook it while he direly needed it. After a while, the Messenger of God ﷺcame out of his home wearing it, and a Companion said to the Messenger of God ﷺ: ‘O Prophet of God! Grant me this shawl to wear!’ The Messenger of God ﷺsaid: ‘Yes.’ He then sat for awhile, and headed back home, folded it and gave it to the person who asked for it. The Companions scolded him saying: ‘It was not appropriate for you to ask for his shawl; especially since you know he does not turn anyone down or send them away empty-handed! The man said: ‘By God! I only asked him to give it to me because I want to be shrouded in this shawl when I die.’ Sahl, the narrator of the Hadeeth said: ‘The shawl was used as a shroud for that man when he died." Sahih al-Bukhari 2093 (Vol. 3, Book 34, Hadith 306)
Although the Prophet ﷺand his companions faced severe trials from the disbelievers, he always reminded them that the end was for the believers, and that the Will of God will come to pass. When Abu Bakr and the Prophet hid in a cave after they had left their homes in order to migrate to Madeenah, the disbelievers of Makkah had sent scouts in search of them. They came so close to the cave that Abu Bakr could see their feet. Abu Bakr said:
"I looked at the feet of the pagans while we were in the cave [of Thawr]. I said, ‘O Prophet of God! If anyone of them looks down at his feet he would see us!’ The Messenger of God ﷺsaid: ‘O Abu Bakr! What do you think of two with whom God, the Exalted, is their Third?" Sahih Muslim 2381 (Book 31, Hadith 5868)
The Prophet was the kindest of people, and this was also apparent in his treatment of infants.
"The Messenger of God ﷺperformed Salah (prayer) while he was carrying an infant girl named Umaamah, daughter of Abul-Aas. When he bowed, he put her on the ground, and when he stood up, he would carry her again." Sunan an-Nasa'i 711 (Vol. 1, Book 8, Hadith 712)
The Prophet ﷺalways sought to make things easy for people. The Messenger of God ﷺsaid: "I start the prayer with the intention of lengthening it, but when I hear a child crying, I shorten the prayer, as I know its mother would suffer from his screams!" Sahih al-Bukhari 868 (Vol. 1, Book 12, Hadith 827)
The Messenger of God ﷺsaid: "Sometimes, when I return to my family, I would find a date fruit on the bed. I would pick it up to eat it; but I would fear that it was from the charity, and thus, throw it back [on the ground]." Sahih al-Bukhari 2432 (Vol. 3, Book 42, Hadith 612)
Anas bin Malik said: ‘The Messenger of God ﷺwas never asked for something when a person accepted Islam, except that he granted that person what he asked. A man came to the Prophet ﷺand he gave him a herd of sheep that was grazing between two mountains. The man returned to his people and said: ‘O my people accept Islam! Muhammad ﷺgives out generously like one who does not fear poverty.’ Sahih Muslim 2312 a (Book 30, Hadith 5728)
Ibn Abbas said: ‘The Prophet ﷺwas the most generous of people. He was most generous during Ramadhan when he met Gabriel ﷺ; he would meet him every night during Ramadhan to practice and review the Qur’an with him. The Messenger of God ﷺwas so generous, that he was faster than the swiftest wind in this regard. Sahih al-Bukhari 6 (Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 5)
Abu Dharr said: ‘I was walking with the Prophet ﷺin the Har’rah (volcanic region) of Madeenah and we faced the mount of Uhud; the Prophet ﷺsaid: ‘O Abu Dharr!’ I said: ‘Here I am O Messenger of God!’ He said: ‘It would not please me to have an amount of gold equal to the weight of Mount Uhud, until I spend and give it out (in the sake of God) within a night or within three nights. I would keep a single silver piece of it to help those who are in debt. (Bukhari #2312)
Jabir b. Abdullah said: ‘The Prophet pbuh did not refuse to give anything which he had to someone if he asked for it.’ Sahih al-Bukhari 6445 (Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 452)
The Prophet ﷺwas not a king who commanded his followers to carry out his orders. Rather he always carried out his own affairs and helped others in collective duties. A’ishah was once asked about how the Prophet ﷺbehaved with his family. She said: "He helped and assisted his family members with their chores; but when the call to prayer was heard, he would [stop everything and] leave to attend the prayers." Sahih al-Bukhari 676 (Vol. 1, Book 11, Hadith 644)
Al-Baraa bin ‘Azib said: "I saw the Messenger of God ﷺon the Day of the Trench carrying dirt [that was dug from the trench] until his chest was covered with dirt." Sahih al-Bukhari 3034 (Vol. 4, Book 52, Hadith 272)
A’ishah said: "The trait and characteristic which the Prophet ﷺhated most was lying. A man would tell a lie in the presence of the Prophet ﷺand he would hold it against him, until he knew that he repented." Tirmidhi Vol. 4, Book 1, Hadith 1973
Even his enemies attested to his truthfulness. Abu Jahl, who was one of the harshest enemies of Islam, said: ‘O Muhammad! I do not say that you are a liar! I only deny what you brought and what you call people to.’ God, the Exalted, says: "We know indeed that what they say certainly grieves you, but surely they do not call you a liar; but the unjust deny the verses of God." Quran Surah Anam6:33
A’ishah said: "The Prophet ﷺwas not given a choice between two matters, except that he chose the easier of the two, as long as it was not a sinful act. If that act was a sinful act, he would be the farthest from it. By God! He never avenged himself. He only became angry when people transgressed the limits and boundaries of God; in that case he avenged [for the sake of God]." Sahih al-Bukhari 6786 (Vol. 8, Book 81, Hadith 777)
Abdullah bin al-Harith said: "I have never seen a man who smiled as much as the Messenger of God ﷺ." Tirmidhi: Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3641
The Prophet ﷺwas wellknown for his honesty. The pagans of Makkah -who were openly hostile towards him- would leave their valuables with him. His honesty and reliability was tested when the pagans of Makkah abused him and tortured his companions and drove them out of their homes. He ordered his cousin, Ali b. Abi Talib to postpone his migration for three days to return to people their valuables.
Another example of his honesty, trustworthiness and reliability is demonstrated in the Truce of Hudaibiyah, wherein he agreed to the article in the treaty which stated that any man who left the Prophet ﷺwould not be returned to him, and any man who left Makkah would be returned to them. Before the treaty was concluded a man named Abu Jandal b. Amr had managed to escape from the pagans of Makkah and rushed to join Muhammad ﷺ. The pagans asked Muhammad to honor his pledge and return the escapee. The Messenger of God ﷺsaid: "O Abu Jandal! Be patient and ask God to grant you patience. God will surely help you and those who are persecuted and make it easy for you. We have signed an agreement with them, and we certainly do not betray or act treacherously." Baihaquee 19304
Ali said: "You should have seen him on the Day of Badr! We sought refuge with the Messenger of God ﷺ. He was the closest among us to the enemy. On that Day, the Messenger of God ﷺwas the strongest one among us." Musnad Ahmed 654
As for his courage and bravery under normal circumstances - Anas b. Malik said: "The Messenger of God ﷺwas the best of people and the most courageous. One night, the people of Madeenah were frightened and headed towards the sounds they heard during the night. The Messenger of God ﷺmet them while coming back from the place of the sound, after he made sure that there was no trouble. He was riding a horse that belonged to Abu Talhah without any saddle, and he had his sword with him. He was assuring the people, saying: ‘Do not be frightened! Do not be frightened!" Sahih al-Bukhari 6033 (Vol. 8, Book 73, Hadith 59) and Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 24, Hadith 2772
He met up with people riding a horse with no saddle, and he carried his sword, for there might be a reason or need to use it. He did not wait for others to investigate the source of trouble as is usually done in these situations.
A’ishah said: "A woman asked the Prophet ﷺabout the bath which is taken at the end of the menstrual period. The Prophet ﷺsaid: 'Purify yourself with a piece of cloth scented with musk.' The Prophet ﷺfelt shy and turned his face. A’ishah said: 'I pulled her to myself and told her what the Prophet ﷺmeant.' " Sahih al-Bukhari 315 (Vol. 1, Book 6, Hadith 312)
The Messenger of God ﷺwas the most humble person. He was so humble that if a stranger were to enter the mosque and approach the Prophet’s sitting place while he was sitting with his Companions, one would not be able to distinguish him from his Companions. Anas bin Malik said:
"Once, while we were sitting with the Messenger of God ﷺin the Masjid, a man on his camel approached. After he tied it with a rope, he asked: ‘Who amongst you is Muhammad?’ The Messenger of God ﷺwas sitting on the ground while he was leaning, with his Companions. We directed the Bedouin, saying: ‘This white man leaning on the ground.’ The Prophet ﷺdid not differ nor distinguish himself from his Companions." SunanAbiDawud 486 (Book 2, Hadith 486)
The Prophet ﷺwould not hesitate to help the poor, needy and widows in their needs. Anas b. Malik said: "A woman from the people of Madeenah who was partially insane said to the Prophet ﷺ: ‘I have to ask you [your help] about something.’ He helped her and took care of her needs." Sahih Al Bukhari 670
Abu Masood al-Ansari said: "A man came to the Prophet ﷺand said: 'O Messenger of God! By God! I do not pray Fajr prayer because so and so lengthens the prayer.' He said: 'I have never seen the Messenger of God ﷺdeliver a speech in such an angry state.' He said: 'O People! Verily there are among you those who chase people away! If you lead people in prayer, shorten the prayer. There are old and weak people and those with special needs behind you in prayer.' " Sahih al-Bukhari 7159 (Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 273)
Once when the Prophet ﷺwent to visit his grandchild he shed some tears.
"The Messenger of God ﷺsat with the child while he was on his deathbed. The child’s eyes froze in their places like stones. Upon seeing that, the Messenger of God ﷺwept. Sa’d said to him, ‘What is this ‘O Prophet of God?’ He said: ‘This is a mercy that God, the Exalted, places in the hearts of His slaves. Truly, God is merciful to those who are merciful towards others.’ " Sahih Al Bukhari 6942
Anas bin Malik said: "Once, I was walking with the Messenger of God ﷺwhile he was wearing a Yemeni cloak with a collar with rough edges. A Bedouin grabbed him strongly. I looked at the side of his neck and saw that the edge of the cloak left a mark on his neck. The Bedouin said, ‘O Muhammad! Give me [some] of the wealth of God that you have.’ The Messenger of God ﷺturned to the Bedouin, laughed and ordered that he be given [some money]." " Sahih Al Bukhari 6088 (Vol. 8:111)
Another example of his patience is the story of the Jewish Rabbi, Zaid bin Sa’nah. Zaid had given something as a loan to the Messenger of God ﷺ. He himself said,
"Two or three days prior to the return of the debt, the Messenger of God ﷺwas attending the funeral of a man from the Ansar. Abu Bakr and Umar, Uthman and some other Companions were with the Prophet ﷺ. After he prayed the funeral prayer he sat down close to a wall, and I came towards him, grabbed him by the edges of his cloak, and looked at him in a harsh way, and said: 'O Muhammad! Will you not pay me back my loan? I have not known the family of Abdul-Mutalib to delay in repaying debts!'
I looked at Umar b. al-Khat’taab - his eyes were swollen with anger! He looked at me and said: ‘O Enemy of God, do you talk to the Messenger of God and behave towards him in this manner?! By the One who sent him with the truth, had it not been for the fear of not entering the Heavenly Gardens, I would have beheaded you with my sword! The Prophet ﷺwas looking at Umar in a calm and peaceful manner, and he said: ‘O Umar, you should have given us sincere counseling, rather than to do what you did! O Umar, go and repay him his loan, and give him twenty Sa’a (measurement of weight) extra because you scared him!’
Zaid said: ‘Umar went with me, and repaid me the debt, and gave me over it twenty Sa’a of dates. I asked him: ‘What is this?’ He said: ‘The Messenger of God ﷺordered me to give it, because I frightened you.’ Zaid then asked Umar: ‘O Umar, do you know who I am?’ Umar said: ‘No, I don’t - who are you?’ Zaid said: ‘I am Zaid b. Sa’nah.’ Umar inquired: ‘The Rabbi?’ Zaid answered: ‘Yes, the Rabbi.’ Umar then asked him: ‘What made you say what you said to the Prophet ﷺand do what you did to him?’ Zaid answered: ‘O Umar, I have seen all the signs of prophethood in the face of the Messenger of God ﷺexcept two – (the first) his patience and perseverance precede his anger and the second, the more harsher you are towards him, the kinder and more patient he becomes, and I am now satisfied. O Umar, I hold you as a witness that I testify and am satisfied that there is no true god worthy of being worshipped except God alone, and my religion is Islam and Muhammad ﷺis my Prophet. I also hold you as a witness that half of my wealth - and I am among the wealthiest people in Madeenah - I give for the sake of God to the Muslims.’ Umar said: ‘you will not be able to distribute your wealth to all the Muslims, so say, ‘I will distribute it to some of the followers of Muhammad ﷺ.’ Zaid said: ‘I said, then I will distribute (the apportioned) wealth to some of the Muslims.’ Both Zaid and Umar returned to the Messenger of God ﷺ. Zaid said to him: ‘I bear witness that there is no true god worthy of being worshipped except God alone, and that Muhammad ﷺis the slave of God and His Messenger.’ He believed in him, and witnessed many battles and then died in the Battle of Tabook while he was encountering the enemy - may God have mercy on Zaid.’ " (Ibn Hibban #288)
A great example of his forgiveness and perseverance is apparent when he pardoned the people of Makkah after its conquest. When the Messenger of God ﷺgathered the people; who had abused, harmed and tortured him and his companions, and had driven them out of the city of Makkah, he said:
"What do you think I will do to you?’ They answered: ‘You will only do something favorable; you are a kind and generous brother, and a kind and generous nephew!’ The Prophet ﷺsaid: ‘Go - you are free to do as you wish." Baihaqi 18055
The Messenger of God ﷺwas the epitome of patience. He was patient with his people before calling them to Islam; for they would worship idols and do sinful acts. He was patient and tolerant with the abuse and harm the pagans of Makkah inflicted on him and his Companions and sought the reward of God. He was also patient and tolerant with the abuse of the hypocrites in Madeenah.
His patience was severely tested when he lost his loved ones. His wife, Khadeejah, died during his lifetime, as did all his children, save his daughter, Fatimah. His uncle Hamzah and Abu Talib passed away as well. The Prophet ﷺwas patient and sought the reward of God. Anas b. Malik said: "We entered the house of Abu Saif - the blacksmith - with the Prophet ﷺ. Abu Saif’s wife was the wetnurse of his son, Ibraheem. The Messenger of God ﷺlifted his son Ibraheem, and smelled and kissed him. After a while he went and saw his son again - he was dying. The Prophet ﷺstarted to cry. Abdurrahmaan b. Auf said: ‘O Prophet of God, you too cry!’ The Messenger ﷺsaid: ‘O Ibn Auf, this is a mercy’ - the Prophet ﷺshed more tears and said: ‘The eyes shed tears, the heart is saddened, and we only say what pleases our Lord, and we are saddened by your death, O Ibraheem!" Sahih al-Bukhari 1303 (Vol. 2, Book 23, Hadith 390)
The Messenger of God ﷺwas just and fair in every aspect of his life and in the application of the religion. A’ishah said: ‘The people of Quraish were extremely concerned about a Makhzoomi woman (i.e. the woman from the tribe of Makhzoom) who committed a theft. They conversed among themselves and said, ‘Who can intercede on her behalf with the Messenger of God ﷺ?’
They finally said: ‘Who dares to speak to the Messenger of God ﷺin this matter except Usamah b. Zaid, the most beloved young man to the Messenger of God ﷺ.’ So Usamah spoke to the Messenger of God ﷺregarding the woman. The Messenger of God ﷺsaid: ‘O Usamah! Do you intercede (on their behalf to disregard) one of God’s castigations and punishments!’
The Messenger of God ﷺgot up and delivered a speech, saying: ‘People before you were destroyed because when the noble among them stole, they would let him go; and if the poor and weak stole they would punish him. By God! If Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad stole, I would cut her hand off.’ Sahih al-Bukhari 4304 (Vol. 5, Book 59, Hadith 597)
The Messenger of God ﷺwas just and fair and allowed others to avenge themselves if he harmed them. Usaid b. Hudhair said:
‘A man from the Ansar, was cracking jokes with people and making them laugh, and the Prophet ﷺpassed by him and poked his side lightly with a branch of a tree that he was carrying. The man exclaimed: ‘O Prophet of God! Allow me to avenge myself!’ The Prophet ﷺsaid: ‘Go Ahead!’ The man said: ‘O Messenger of God, you are wearing a garment, and I was not when you poked me [i.e. you jabbed my exposed skin, so it is only fair I do the same to you]!’ The Messenger of God ﷺraised his upper garment [to expose his side], and the Ansari [merely] kissed it, saying: ‘I only meant to do this, O Messenger of God!’ SunanAbiDawud 5224
The Messenger of God ﷺwas the most mindful person of God. Abdullah bin Masoud said: "[Once] the Messenger of God ﷺsaid to me: ‘Recite to me from the Qur’an!’ Abdullah b. Masood said: ‘Shall I recite it to you, while it was you to whom it was revealed?!’ The Prophet ﷺsaid: ‘Yes.’ He said: ‘I started to recite Surat an-Nisaa23, until I reached the ayath:
"How then if We brought from each nation a witness, and We brought you as a witness against these people!" Quran surah Nisa 4:41
Upon hearing this verse, the Messenger of God ﷺsaid: ‘That is enough!’ Abdullah b. Masood said, ‘I turned around and saw the Messenger of God ﷺcrying.’ " (Bukhari #4763)
A’ishah said: ‘If the Messenger of God ﷺsaw dark clouds in the sky; he would pace forwards and backwards and would exit and enter his house. As soon as it rained, the Prophet ﷺwould relax. A’ishah asked him about it, and he said: ‘I do not know, it may be as some people said:
"Then, when they saw the (penalty in the shape of) a cloud traversing the sky, coming to meet their valleys, they said: ‘This cloud will give us rain! Nay, it is the (calamity) you were asking to be hastened! A wind wherein is a Grievous Penalty!24" (46:24)
Umar b. al-Khattab said: ‘I entered the Messenger’s house and I found him sitting on a mat. He had a leather pillow stuffed with fibers. He had a pot of water by his feet, and there was some clothes hung on the wall. His side had marks due to the mat that he lay on. Umar wept when he saw this, and the Messenger ﷺasked him: ‘Why do you weep?’ Umar said: ‘O Prophet of God! Khosrau and Caesar enjoy the best of this world, and you are suffering in poverty?!’ He said: ‘Aren’t you pleased that they enjoy this world, and we will enjoy the Hereafter?’ Sahih Al Bukhari 4629
A’ishah said: ‘I asked the Messenger of God ﷺ: "Did you face a day harder and more intense than the Battle of Uhud?‛He replied: ‘I suffered a lot from your people! The worst I suffered was on the Day of al-’Aqabah when I spoke to Ali b. Abd Yaleel b. Abd Kilaal (in order to support me) but he disappointed me and left me. I left the area while I was quite worried, and walked - when I reached an area called Qarn ath-Tha’alib, I raised my head to the sky and noticed a cloud that shaded me. Gabriel ﷺcalled me and said: ‘O Muhammad! God, the Exalted, has heard what your people have said to you - and has sent the Angel in charge of the mountains, so you can command him to do what you please.’ The Prophet ﷺsaid: ‘The Angel in charge of the mountains called me saying: ‘May God praise you and keep safe from all evil! O Muhammad, I will do whatever you command me to do. If you like I can bring the Akh-shabain mountains together and crush them all.’ The Messenger of God ﷺsaid: ‘It may be that God raises from among them a progeny who worship God alone and associate no partners with Him.’ Sahih al-Bukhari 3231 (Vol. 4, Book 54, Hadith 454)