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Masjid Aisha, also known as Masjid at-Tan’eem marks the place where Ummul-Mu’mineen Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) went to enter into Ihram for Umrah when the Prophet () told her to do so during the farewell Hajj. [1]


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The masjid lies 5 miles (7.5 km) south from Makkah on the road to Madinah and is the closest of all the boundary points. [2]



A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that she put on Ihram for, Umra and arrived 'at Mecca) but did not circumambulate the House as she had entered in the period of menses, and then put on Ihram for Hajj and performed all the rituals concerning it (except circumambulating the House). The Apostle of Allah () said to her on the day of march (when pilgrims come to Mina): Your circumambulation would suffice both Hajj and Umra. She, however, felt reluctant. Thereupon the Prophet () sent her with 'Abd al-Rahman to Tan'im and she performed Umra (with separate rituals) after Hajj.Sahih Muslim 1211 [3]


Scholars view

It is also narrated on the authority of `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who said:  The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stopped at Al-Muhassab. He called `Abdul-Rahman ibn Abu Bakr and said to him, ‘Take your sister out of the Haram (the Sacred Mosque) and let her enter ihram for ‘Umrah, then let her circumambulate the Ka`bah, and I will wait for you both here." She said: "So we went out and I entered Ihram, then I circumambulated the Ka`bah, and did Sa`y between Safa and Al-Marawah. Then we came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) at his camp in the middle of the night, and he said, ‘Have you finished?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ He gave his Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) permission to move on, and he went out to the Ka`bah and circumambulated it before Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, then he left for Al-Madinah."  Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Book on Hajj, no. 1643; Muslim, Sahih, Book on Hajj, no. 1211; Al-Tirmidhy, Sunan, Book on Hajj, no. 934; Al-Nasa'y, Sunan, Book on Hajj rituals, no. 2763; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on rituals, no. 1778; Ibn Majah, Sunan, Book on rituals, no. 3000; Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 6, p. 273; Malik, Al-Muwatta', Book on Hajj, no. 940; and Al-Darimy, Sunan, Book on rituals, no. 1904. According to another narration, she said:  On the night when the pilgrims left Mina and went to al-Mahsab (laylat al-hasbah), I said: "O Messenger of Allah, the people are going back having done Hajj and `Umrah, and am I to go back having done only Hajj?" He told `Abdul-Rahman to seat me behind him on his camel, then she mentioned her `Umrah from Al-Tan`im.'" Sahih Muslim 1211 According to another report from her:  The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to her on the day of departure: “The tawaaf you did is sufficient for Hajj and ‘Umrah” but she insisted, so he sent her with ‘Abdul-Rahman to Al-Tan`im, and she did ‘Umrah after Hajj. Sahih Muslim 1211 


There is a Hadith about `Aishah leaving the Al-Haram with her brother `Abdul-Rahman to enter Ihram from Al-Tan`im with a specific command issued by the Prophet (peace be upon him) to her alone. The well-known principle stated by the scholars is that when conflict arises between a general text and another specific one, then the specific one qualifies the application of the general. Thus, entering into `Umrah may be from Al-Tan`im or any other place outside the Sacred Zone for `Umrah alone. This rule qualifies the general text reported by Ibn `Abbas. Thus, the general rule of entering Ihram for `Umrah alone from Makkah is ignored. So the phrase “and the people of Makkah from Makkah means that the people of Makkah should enter Ihram for Hajj offered on its own or for Hajj and `Umrah offered together (Qiran) from Makkah. They do not have to go outside the Haram or to any of the Miqats mentioned in the Hadith to enter Ihram from there. In case of offering `Umrah alone, a person who intends to do it while in Makkah or inside the boundaries of Al-Haram (all areas within the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah) has to go outside the Haram; Al-Tan`im or elsewhere to enter ihram from there. This is the view of the majority of scholars. Al-Muhib Al-Tabary said: I know of no one who described Makkah as a Miqat for `Umrah. [4]


See also

Makkah; Madina; Hajj; Umrah; Aisha(R); Meeqat;



[1] [2]


[4 ]

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