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Surah al-Kawthar is the 108th Surah of the Qur'an, and the shortest surah of the Qur’an. This Surah was revealed in Makkah.


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Linguistic meaning

The meaning of the word ‘Kawthar’ means Abundance.


Islamic meaning

 It is a river in Paradise which Allah سبحانه و تعالىhas given to His Prophet Muhammad . This meaning is what is meant in the ayath where Allah سبحانه و تعالىsays (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, We have granted you (O Muhammad ) Al-Kawthar (a river in Paradise)” [Qur’an.Surah Kawthar 108:1]



Translation of the Surah


108:1 - Indeed, We have granted you, [Muhammad ], al-Kawthar.


108:2 - So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone].


108:3 - Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.



This is how the Prophet Muhammad interpreted it. It was narrated by Sahih Al-Muslim in his Saheeh H:607 that Anas رضي الله عنهsaid: Whilst we were with the Prophet Muhammad , he dozed off then he raised his head and he was smiling. We said, “Why are you smiling, O Messenger of Allah سبحانه و تعالى?” He said: “A soorah has been revealed to me.” And he recited (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, We have granted you (O Muhammad ) Al-Kawthar (a river in Paradise)…” [Qur’an.Surah Kawthar 108:1]


to the end of the soorah. Then he said: “Do you know what is al-Kawthar?” We said: Allah سبحانه و تعالى and His Messenger Muhammad know best.” He said: “It is a river that my Lord has promised to me in which there is much goodness. And it is a cistern to which my ummah will come on the Day of Resurrection.”


Al-Tirmidhi رحمت اللهnarrated from Ibn ‘Umarرضي الله عنهthat the Prophet Muhammad said: “Al-Kawthar is a river in Paradise. Its banks are made of gold and its bed is of pearls and rubies…” Al-Tirmidhi رحمت اللهsaid: It is hasan saheeh; it was classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani  رحمت اللهin Saheeh Sunan Al-Tirmidhi 3:135 (NE 3284)



Narrated Anas bin Malikرضي الله عنه: The Prophet Muhammad said: "While I was walking in Paradise (on the night of Mi'raj), I saw a river, on the two banks of which there were tents made of hollow pearls. I asked, "What is this, O Gabriel عليه السلام?' He said, 'That is the Kauthar which Your Lord has given to you.' Behold! Its scent or its mud was sharp smelling musk!" (The sub-narrator, Hudba is in doubt as to the correct expression. Sahih al-Bukhari 6581 (Vol. 8:583)


Abu Hazim رضي الله عنهadded: An-Nu`man bin Abi `Aiyash رضي الله عنه, on hearing me, said. "Did you hear this from Sahl رضي الله عنه?" I said, "Yes." He said, " I bear witness that I heard Abu Sa`id Al-Khudriرضي الله عنهsaying the same, adding that the Prophet Muhammad said: 'I will say: They are of me (i.e. my followers). It will be said, 'You do not know what they innovated (new things) in the religion after you left'. I will say, 'Far removed, far removed (from mercy), those who changed (their religion) after me." Sahih al-Bukhari 6584 (Vol. 8: 586) [1]



English Translation of the Qur’an from Sahih International



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