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Ishtiraat is derived from an Arabic root that suggests stipulation and abiding by it. In the context of Ihraam, it occurs when a Muslim assuming the state of Ihraam says, "O Allaah! I intend to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah, but my dissolution will be if something prevents me." This thing may be a disease or an enemy, or anything else that prevents a Muslim in the state of Ihraam from completing the rituals. It is not permissible for him to end his state of Ihraam directly if he has not made Ishtiraat. 


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Allaah The Almighty Says (what means): {And complete theHajj and ‘Umrah for Allaah.} Quran Surah Baqrah 2:196



Ishtiraat is mentioned in the Sunnah. ‘Aa’ishah, May Allaah Be Pleased with her, said: "The Prophet entered upon ‘Dhubaa‘ah bint Az-Zubayr and asked her if she intended to perform Hajj. When she told him that she was sick, the Prophet said: "Enter into the state of Ihraam and make Ishtiraat. Say: I would be free from it wherever You (O Allaah) Would Detain me." In another narration, the Prophet added:"This exception frees you from liability before Allaah The Almighty." [1]



If a person reads the dua: اللَّهُمَّ مَحِلِّي حَيْثُ حَبَسْتَنِي“Allahumma mahilli Haisu Habastani” (O Allah, I shall be free from Ihram where you detain me)Sahih Muslim - 1207,there is a great benefit, as, if he happens to face any hindrance and is stopped before reaching Makkah, then he can remove his Ihram where he was stopped and will not have to give Dum (Sacrificing a sheep).


If he is unable to reach Makkah then without performing Dum (sacrificing a sheep) he can take off Ihram and his Hajj will be correct.Sahih Al Bukhari – 5089   [2]


See also

Ihram; Hajj; Umrah; Hadi; Tawaf; Safa wal Marwa; DumMakkah; Masjid E Haram;





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