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Greek language, Indo-European language spoken primarily in Greece. It has a long and well-documented history—the longest of any Indo-European language—spanning 34 centuries. It was developed from the Canaanite/Phoenician alphabet and the order and names of the letters are derived from Phoenician. The original Canaanite meanings of the letter names was lost when the alphabet was adapted for Greek. For example, alpha comes for the Canaanite aleph (ox) and beta from beth (house).


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The Greek writing system originally developed out of a modified Phoenician alphabet over 2,700 years ago and then split into several different versions among Greek cities. One of the writing system versions - Ionic - became the standard for Athens in 403 BC, and as a result of that city state's influence slowly became the standard for all other Greek-speaking areas as well.



An estimated 12% of the English vocabulary has Greek origin, while numerous Greek words have English derivatives.



There is an Ancient phase, subdivided into a Mycenaean period (texts in syllabic script attested from the 14th to the 13th century bc) and Archaic and Classical periods (beginning with the adoption of the alphabet, from the 8th to the 4th century bc); a Hellenistic and Roman phase (4th century bc to 4th century ad); a Byzantine phase (5th to 15th century ad); and a Modern phase.


Writing script

The Ancient Greeks were the first Europeans to read and write with an Alphabet, which eventually led to all modern European languages. Continuous use for the past 2,750 years or so since about 750 BC.



Widespread, especially in Greek Macedonia. Also in Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bulgaria, Canada, Congo, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Libya, Macedonia, Malawi, Mozambique, Paraguay, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation (Europe), Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sweden, Tunisia, Turkey (Europe), Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.



It has about 13,084,490 speakers


Greek language on websites

Greek language on websites ranks on 19th on its content available on net and it is 0.3% in terms of percentage.


Official status

Greek is the official languageof Greece, where it is spoken by almost the entire population. It is also the official language of Cyprus (nominally alongside Turkish).Because of the membership of Greece and Cyprus in the European Union, Greek is one of the organization's 23 official languages.



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