BELIEF IN ALLAH’S MESSENGERS
Belief in Allah’s messengers is one of the six pillars of Eeman in Islam. One must believe that Allah chose the finest amongst mankind to be Messengers whom He sent to His creation with specific legislations; to worship and obey Allah, and to establish His Deen and His Tawheed. He ordered His Messengers to convey the Message to people, so that they would not have any proof against Allah after He sent them.
They are bearers of glad-tidings of the Pleasure of Allah and His Paradise, which is reserved for those who believe in them and their teachings. They are also sent as warners to their peoples, to warn them of the anger of Allah and His punishment which is reserved for those who disbelieve in them and their teachings.
Allah says: "And We send not the Messengers but as givers of glad tidings and as warners. So whosoever believes and does righteous good deeds, upon such shall come no fear, nor shall they grieve. * But those who reject Our Ayaat, the torment will touch them for their disbelief."(Quran Surah 6:48-49)
There are many Prophets and Messengers. Allah says: "And, indeed We have sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad) of some of them We have related to you their story, and of some We have not related to you their story."(Quran Surah 40:78)
One must believe in all of them and that they were human; they were not supernatural beings. Allah says: "And We sent not before you (O Muhammad «peace be upon him») but men to whom We inspired, so ask the people of the Reminder (Scriptures) if you do not know. And We did not create them (the Messengers, with) bodies that ate not food, nor were they immortal." (Quran Surah 21:8)
They do not have any attributes resembling Allah's. They can neither extend benefit, nor cause harm. They have no control over the universe, nor can they do with it as they please. They cannot do anything which only Allah is capable of. Allah says: "Say (O Muhammad):‘I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Unseen, I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me."(Quran Surah 7:188)
If one believes in some, while he disbelieves in others, he has committed an act of kufr (disbelief)..Allah says: "Verily, those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and wish to make distinction between Allah and His Messengers saying, ‘We believe in some but reject others,’ and wish to adopt a way in between. They are in truth disbelievers. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment."(Quran Surah 4:150-151)
Allah calls some of the Messengers ‘Ulul-‘Azm’ (those of strong determination). They were the most determined of the Messengers in conveying the Message; they were patient and steadfast. They were Nooh (Noah), Ibraheem, Musa, ‘Eesaa, and Muhammad, may Allah exalt their mention, and render them safe from every derogatory thing, as mentioned in Quran Surah 33:7.
The first Messenger was Nooh. Allah says: "Verily, We have inspired you (O Muhammad) as We inspired Nooh (Noah) and the Prophets after him."(Quran Surah 4:163)
Muhammadﷺwas the last and final Messenger; no Messenger will come after him until the Final Day. Allah says: "Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets."(Quran Surah 33:40)
The religion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) abrogated the religions which preceded it. It is the complete and final religion of truth which is obligatory to be followed, and it will continue to be so until the Final Hour.
His name is Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Abdul-Muttalib bin Haashim. His Kunyah is Abul-Qaasim. He was from the Arab tribe of Quraish whose ancestry traces back to ‘Adnaan. ‘Adnaan was from the children of Ismaeel, the Prophet of Allah and son of Ibraheem (Peace be upon them), the Khaleel of Allah.
The Prophetﷺ said: 'Indeed Allah chose the tribe of Kinaanah over other tribes from the children of Ismaa`eel; He chose the Quraish over other tribes of Kinaanah; He chose Banu Haashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me from Banu Haashim.'Sahih Muslim 2276
He received his first revelation from Allah at the age of forty, and he remained in Makkah thereafter for thirteen years calling to the Tawheed of Allah. He then migrated to Madinah and called its people to Islam, and they accepted it. There, Allah revealed the remaining legislations. He conquered Makkah eight years after his migration, and he died when he was sixty-three, after Allah revealed to him the whole Qur'an. All the legislations of the religion were revealed, completed and perfected, and all the Arabs accepted Islam. For more on Prophet Muhammadﷺ