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Assamese language, eastern Indo-Aryan (Indic) language that is the official language of Assam state of India. The only indigenous Indo-Aryan language of the Assam valley, Assamese has been affected in vocabulary, phonetics, and structure by its close association with Tibeto-Burman dialects in the region. Its grammar is noted for its highly inflected forms, and there are also different pronouns and noun plural markers for use in honorific and non-honorific constructions. Assamese is also closely related to Bengali; like Bengali and Oriya, Assamese has no grammatical gender distinctions.


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Assamese literary tradition dates to the 13th century. Prose texts, notably buranjis (historical works), began to appear in the 16th century. In the late 20th century, speakers of Assamese numbered more than 15 million.


As far as the history and the historical records of Assamese language are concerned, not much information is available. Only this much is known is that that the initiation of Assamese language just like its other associated languages like Maithili language, Oriya languageand Bengali language, came from the Magadhi Prakrit. With the passage of time, this language has undergone major developments. Today, Assamese language is hugely spoken by the people of the country.



The Assamese language makes usage of the Assamese script that is a variant of eastern Nagari script. The Assamese script traces its roots from the Gupta script. The writing style of Assamese language is very unique. It has its own distinct style of writing basically on the bark of the `saanchi tree`. In fact, Hemkosh that is Assamese language`s second dictionary is popularly known to have introduced such specific spellings in the language that are principally Sanskrit-based. Thus, it can be said that Assamese language has several distinctive and interesting characteristics.


Assamese language on websites

Assamese language on websites, less than 0.1% in terms of percentage.


Number of speakers

This language has about 18 million speakers in the world.



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