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Fard Ayn

Religious obligations in Islam which are obligatory are divided between fard ‘ayn , duties incumbent upon each individual and fard kifayah, those incumbent on the community as a whole.

 

Table of Contents

 

 

Meaning

Fard `Ayn; is an act that is obligatory on every individual such as praying and fasting and he will be sinful if he does not do that.[1]

 

Examples

There are numerous examples of Individual Obligations or Fard Ayn in Islam. Some of them are:

1. All Individual acts of Worship such as Salah, Fasting, Zakah, Hajj, etc

 

2. Islamic Knowledge: Some Islamic knowledge is obligatory for every accountable individual to learn. This is called fard ‘ayn (individual obligation). The definition is: if it has to do with an act of worship that he is obliged to do, or a transaction that he wants to engage in (then he must learn it).[2]

 

3. Prayer in congregation is obligatory for healthy men in the mosque, according to the more correct scholarly opinion.[3]

 

4. Returning the greeting of salaam is obligatory if the greeting is given to one person.

 

5. With regard to accepting invitations, if the invitation is to a wedding feast, then the majority of scholars are of the view that it is obligatory to accept unless there is a legitimate shar‘i reason not to do so.

 

6. Saying Yarhamuk Allah is an individual obligation upon everyone who hears the one who sneezed say Al-hamdu Lillah.[4]

 

See Also: Fard Al Kifaya; Islamic Shariah; Pillars of Islam; Pillars of Eeman; Seeking knowledge

 

References    

[1]http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=173&PageNo=1&BookID=14

 

[2] https://islamqa.info/en/103685

 

[3] https://islamqa.info/en/40113

 

[4] https://islamqa.info/en/178639

 

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