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SALAH Procedure or SALAH of the Prophet or Prophet’s Salaah

Narrated Tariq: 'Abdullah said, "The best talk is Allah's book (Qur'an), and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad ()." SAHIH BUKHARI 6098(Volume 8 Book #73, Hadith #120) Sahih Muslim Vol. 2: 2005; Sunan Nasai 2:1579; Ibn Majah 1:43; Abu Dawud 5:4607;

Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah) says:

Do not do Taqleed of scholars like: me, Malik, Shafai, Auzaai, Sauri, etc and instead take Deen from where they took it (ie, Quran and Sunnah).   [Iqaaz hum Ulu Al-Absaar, pg.113]

IMPORTANCE OF SALAH (Prayer)

PROPHET MUHAMMAD (sallalahu alayhi wassalam) said:
Indeed the first deed by which a slave will be called to account on the Day of Resurrection is his Salat. If it is complete, he is successful and saved, but if it is defective, he has failed and lost. So if something is deficient in his obligatory (prayers) then the Lord, Mighty and Sublime says: 'Look! Are there any voluntary (prayers) for my worshipper?' So with them, what was deficient in his obligatory (prayers) will be completed. Then the rest of his deeds will be treated like that.

 

(SUNAN TIRMIDHI Vol #1, Hadith #413)
(SUNAN IBN MAJAH Vol #2, Hadith #1426)
(SUNAN NASAI Vol #2, Hadith #466-468)

Table of Contents

 

COMMAND OF SALAH FROM QURAN

Establish Prayer
Quran 2:3,
Quran 6:72,
Quran 7:170,
Quran 8:3,
Quran 10:87,
Quran 11:114,
Quran 13:22,
Quran 14:31,
Quran 14:37,
Quran 14:40,
Quran 17:78,
Quran 20:14,
Quran 22:35,
Quran 29:45,
Quran 30:31,
Quran 31:17,
Quran 35:18,
Quran 35:29,
Quran 42:38.

Establish Prayer And Give Zakah
Quran 2:43,
Quran 2:83,
Quran 2:110,
Quran 2:177,
Quran 4:77,
Quran 4:162
Quran 5:12,
Quran 5:55
Quran 9:5,
Quran 9:11,
Quran 9:18,
Quran 9:71
Quran 21:73,
Quran 22:41,
Quran 22:78,
Quran 24:37,
Quran 24:56,
Quran 27:3,
Quran 31:4,
Quran 33:33,
Quran 58:13,
Quran 73:20,
Quran 98:5.


JIBREEL TAUGHT PROPHETS ABOUT HOW TO OFFER SALAH

 

Ibn Abbas narrated that: The Prophet(S) said: "Jibril (peace be upon him] led me (in Salat) twice at the House. So he prayed Zuhr the first time when the shadow was similar to (the length of) the strap a sandal. Then he prayed Asr when everything was similar (to the length of) its shadow. Then he prayed Maghrib when the sun had set and the fasting person breaks fast. Then he prayed Isha when the twilight had vanished. Then he prayed Fajr when Fajr (dawn) began, and when eating is prohibited for the fasting person. The second time he prayed Zuhr when the shadow of everything was similar to (the length of) it, at the time of Asr the day before. Then he prayed Asr when the shadow of everything was about twice as long as it. Then he prayed Maghrib at the same time as he did the first time. Then he prayed Isha, the later one, when a third of the night had gone. Then he prayed Subh when the land glowed. The Jibril turned towards me and said: "O Muhammad! These are the times of the Prophets before you, and the (best) time is what is between these two times." (Hasan) – Jami at Tirmidhi 149, Abu Dawud 393 and Sunan Nasai Vol 1: 527.

THE TIMES OF PRAYER_SALAH

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi', the slave of Abdullah ibn Umar, that Umar ibn al-Khattab wrote to his governors saying, "The most important of your affairs in my view is the prayer. Whoever protects it and observes it carefully is protecting his deen, while whoever is negligent about it will be even more negligent about other things." Then he added, "Pray dhuhr any time from when the afternoon shade is the length of your forearm until the length of your shadow matches your height. Pray asr when the sun is still pure white, so that a rider can travel two or three farsakhs (1 Farsakh equals 3 miles)before the sun sets. Pray maghrib when the sun has set. Pray isha any time from when the redness in the western sky has disappeared until a third of the night has passed - and a person who sleeps, may he have no rest, a person who sleeps, may he have no rest. And pray subh when all the stars are visible and like a haze in the sky."  Muwatta MalikArabic/English book reference,  Book 1, Hadith 6

COMMON METHOD OF OFFERING SALAAH_FOR MEN AND WOMEN

 

THERE IS ONLY ONE COMMON METHOD OF OFFERING SALAAH (FOR MEN AND WOMEN)



“Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger” [Qur’an 4:59]

Every Muslim should strive to make his prayer like the prayer of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)!let us keep the madhab at a side!!!

The Prophet (Sallalahu alaihi wa salaam) said:- ...Pray as you have seen me praying..

[Sahih Bukhari Vol 1 BOOK 11 HADITH 604]

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, "The IMAM is to be followed. Say the Takbir when he says it; BOW if he BOWs; if he says 'Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida', say, ' Rabbana wa-laka-l-hamd', prostrate if he prostrates and pray sitting altogether if he prays sitting."

SAHIH BUKHARI [Volume 1 Book 12 Hadith 701]

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INTENTION

The person should make Niyah (intention), The intention is made within his mind, so the person should think about the particular obligatory, optional or Nafl prayer he intends to perform. He should not utter the words of Niyah aloud, as this is not authentic or approved by the Prophet (pbuh).


Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #1, Hadith #1).

Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab: Allah's Apostle said, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book 2, Hadith 051)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 3 Book 46, Hadith 706)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 5 Book 58, Hadith 238)





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QIBLAH_DIRECTION

 

''......Turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- al-Haram......''

(Surah Baqarah 2:144)

Wherever a person is in the world, he should face towards the Kabah when he is going to pray. The Kabah is in the sacred mosque of Makkah in Saudi Arabia. Facing towards Qiblah (Kabah) is a very important condition of performance of Salat. However, if the person is in a place such as a desert, jungle, unknown strange city or a place where he does not know the direction of the Qiblah, he should try his best to find out the direction of Qiblah from others. However, if it is not possible then he should use his judgment and face in a direction which he thinks is that of Qiblah and Allah will accept his Salat.

It is important to start the Salat facing the direction of Qiblah and it does not matter if his direction changes while he is praying e.g. in a ship, a train or an airplane, etc





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TAKBIR TAHRIMAH

 

PROPHET MUHAMMED (P.B.U.H) USED TO RAISE HIS HANDS TILL SHOULDER SOMETIMES TILL EAR!!!

The person should start his Salat saying ''Allahu Akbar'' (Allah is the greatest), Rasing both of his hands to the level of his shoulders, till earlobes……..


TILL SHOULDER:


Narrated Muhammad bin 'Amr bin 'Ata': I was sitting with some of the companions of Allah's Apostle and we were discussing about the way of praying of the Prophet(P.B.U.H). Abu Humaid As-Saidi said, "I remember the prayer of Allah's Apostle better than any one of you. I saw him raising both his hands up to the level of the shoulders on saying the Takbir;

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #791)

Narrated Salim bin 'Abdullah: My father said, "Allah's Apostle used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the prayer;

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #702)

Salim narrated it on the authority of his father who reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) raising his hands apposite the shoulders at the time of beginning the prayer.

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0758)


TILL EAR:--

Malik b. Huwairith reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) raised his hands apposite his ears at the time of reciting the takbir (i. e. at the time of beginning the prayer).

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0762)

Wa'il b. Hujr reported: He saw the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) raising his hands at the time of beginning the prayer and reciting takbir, and according to Hammam (the narrator), the hands were lifted opposite to ears.

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0792)


NOTE:-- TOUCHING THE EARLOBE IS BIDDAH (INNOVATION)



================================================================


WHERE TO PLACE HAND DURING SALAH

 

Narated By Tawus : The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to place his right hand on his left hand, then he folded them strictly on his chest in prayer. Abu-Dawood Book 003, Hadith Number 0758. (Proven from other chain of narrations, in Musnad Ahmad Vol7:22313(New Edition) and 5:226(OE))

Wail bin Hujr (ra) says, 'I prayed with the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and he placed his right hand over his left on his chest.(Ibn Khuzaimah,Hadith:479)


Wail ibn Hujr (ra) narrates, “I was present with the Prophet [salallahu alahyi wasalam]. He rose, went towards the masjid and entered the mihraab. He raised his hands with takbeer and then placed his right hand over his left upon his chest.” [Bayhaqi Hadith:2335]

Aqabah bin Sahban reports that Sayyiduna Ali (ra) commenting on the verse [So pray unto thy Lord, and sacrifice] explained, that this means to place the right hand upon the middle of the left upon the chest.[Bayhaqi Hadith:2337]

same hadith is in Sh'ubah, Abdul Wahid, and Zubair bin Muawiyah as in Imam.

(Musnad-e-Ahmad Hadith:18398, Hadith:18371 & Hadith:18397)

Zaidah as in Imam Ahmad's Musnad, Darimi, Abu Dawood. Nasai and Baihaqi (Musnad-e-Ahmad 18391, Darimi 1357, , Nasai 889 and Baihaqi 2325) Bishr bin al Mufaddhal as in Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood and Nasai

(Ibn Majah 810, Abu Dawood 726 & 957, and Nasai 1265 Sunan Nisae Hadees-490 Khubaisa bin Hulab Musnad-e-Ahmed vol.5 Hadees 226,Ibne Khazeema:= 1/2430)

Naylul awtar by Imam Shokani, pg.203, Vol.2



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EYES SHOULD POINT TO THE SPOT WHERE THE FOREHEAD RESTS IN SAJDAH


Throughout the Salat the eyes of the worshipper should point to the spot where the forehead rests in Sajdah. Dont look towards the sky.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, "What is wrong with those people who look towards the sky during the prayer?" His talk grew stern while delivering this speech and he said, "They should stop (looking towards the sky during the prayer); otherwise their eye-sight would be taken away."

(Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book 12, Hadith no. 717)


Jabir b. Samura reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: The people who lift their eyes towards the sky in Prayer should avoid it or they would lose their eyesight.

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0862)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0863)



NOTE:-CLOSSING EYES IS MAKROOH….

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RECITATION BEFORE FATIHAH


There are several Du'aa which Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) used to recite before Fatihah. I will mention two of them:

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle used to keep silent between the Takbir and the recitation of Qur'an and that interval of silence used to be a short one. I said to the Prophet "May my parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say in the pause between Takbir and recitation?" The Prophet said, "I say, 'Allahumma, ba'id baini wa baina khatayaya kama ba'adta baina-l-mashriqi wa-l-maghrib. Allahumma, naqqim min khatayaya kama yunaqqa-ththawbu-l-abyadu mina-ddanas. Allahumma, ighsil khatayaya bil-ma'i wa-th-thalji wal-barad (O Allah! Set me apart from my sins (faults) as the East and West are set apart from each other and clean me from sins as a white garment is cleaned of dirt (after thorough washing). O Allah! Wash off my sins with water, snow and hail.)"

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #711)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1245)

Abda reported: 'Umar b. al-Khattab used to recite loudly these words: Subhanak Allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabarakasmuka wa ta'ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka [Glory to Thee,0 Allah, and Thine is the Praise, and Blessed is Thy Name. and Exalted is Thy Majesty. and there is no other object of worship beside Thee].

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0788)


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TAAWUDH


So when you want to recite the Qur'ân, seek refuge with Allâh from Shaitân (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).

[Qur'an 16:98]


''Audhu billahi mina shaitaan nir rajeem"

(I seek refuge in Allah from the rejected Satan)

This should only be said in the first Rakat.


The Sunnah is sometimes to say

“A’oodhu Billaahi min al-Shaytaan il-rajeem, min hamzihi wa nafkhihi wa nafathihi

(I seek refuge with Allaah from the accursed Satan, from his madness, his arrogance and his poetry),” –

poetry here refers to blameworthy kinds of poetry.

sometimes he may say,

“A’oodhu Billaah il-Samee’ il-A’leem min al-Shaytaan…

(I seek refuge with Allaah, the All-Hearing, All-Knowing, from the Shaytaan…).”



================================================================




TASMIYAH


''Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim''

(In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, and the Most Merciful)

(silently)

Qatada informed in writing that Anas b. Malik had narrated to him: I observed prayer behind the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr and Umar and 'Uthman. They started (loud recitation) with: AI-hamdu lillahi Rabb al-'Alamin [All Praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds] and did not recite Bismillah ir- Rahman-ir-Rahim (loudly) at the beginning of the recitation or at the end of it.

SAHIH MUSLIM 399 (Book #004, Hadith #0788)





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RECITATION OF SURAH FATIHAH BEHIND AN IMAM IS COMPULSORY




Narrated by 'Ubada bin As-Samit:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid."

Sahih Bukhari Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 723 :


'Ubada b. as-Samit reported from the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him ): He who does not recite Fatihat al-Kitab is not credited with having observed the prayer.

Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0771
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0772
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0773
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0774
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0775
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0776
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0777
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0778
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0779
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0780
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0781
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0782


Narrated by Talha bin 'Abdullah bin 'Auf:

I offered the funeral prayer behind Ibn Abbas and he recited Al-Fatiha and said, "You should know that it (i.e. recitation of Al-Fatiha) is the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad.

Sahih Bukhari (Volume 2 Book 23 Hadith 419)


Narrated by Abu Huraira:

The Qur'an is recited in every prayer and in those prayers in which Allah's Apostle recited aloud for us, we recite aloud in the same prayers for you; and the prayers in which the Prophet recited quietly, we recite quietly. If you recite "Al-Fatiha" only it is sufficient but if you recite something else in addition, it is better

Sahih Bukhari (Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 739)

Narated By Ubadah ibn as-Samit : We were behind the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) at the dawn prayer, and he recited (the passage), but the recitation became difficult for him. Then when he finished, he said: Perhaps you recite behind your imam? We replied: Yes, it is so, Apostle of Allah. He said: Do not do so except when it is Fatihat al-Kitab, for he who does not recite it is not credited with having prayed.

Abu-Dawud Book 03, Hadith Number 0822.


Narated By Anas ibn Malik : The Prophet () had himself cupped three times in the veins at the sides of the neck and on the shoulder. Ma'mar said: I got myself cupped, and I lost my memory so much so that I was instructed Surat al-Fatihah by others in my prayer. He had himself cupped at the top of his head.

Abu-Dawud Book 028, Hadith Number 3851.



'Ata' narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira who said that one should recite (al-Fatiha) in every (rak'ah of) prayer. What we heard (i. e. recitation) from the Messenger of Allah(may peace be upon him), we made you listen to that. And that which he (recited) inwardly, we (recited) inwardly for you. A person said to him: If I add nothing to the (recitation) of the Umm al Qur'an (Surat al-Fatiha), would it make the prayer incomplete? He (AbuHuraira) said: If you add to that (if you recite some of verses of the Qur'an along with Surat at-Fatiha) that is better for you. But if you are contented with it (Surat al-Fatiha) only, it is sufficient for you.


Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0779




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AMEEN SHOULD BE SAID LOULDY




Narrated by Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When the Imam says: 'Ghair-il-Maghdubi 'Alaihim Walad-Dallin (i.e. not the path of those who earn Your Anger, nor the path of those who went astray Surah Faitha Surah.1.ayath.7)), then you must say, 'Ameen', for if one's utterance of 'Ameen' coincides with that of the angels, then his past sins will be forgiven."


Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0809
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0810
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0811
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0812
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0813
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0814
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0815
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith Number 0816



Malik Hadith 196,Musnad-e- Ahmad Hadith 7174, Darimi Hadith 1246, Nasai Hadith 927
and Ibn Hibban 1801. Imam Nimawi says that its isnad is saheeh (376).


Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet () said, "Say amin" when the Imam says it and if the amin of any one of you coincides with that of the angels then all his past sins will be forgiven." Ibn Shihab said, "Allah's Apostle used to Say "amin."

Sahih Bukhari (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #747)
Sahih Bukhari (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #748)
Sahih Bukhari (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #749)
Sahih Bukhari (Volume 4 Book #54, Hadith #446)
Sahih Bukhari (Volume 6 Book #60, Hadith #002)


Narated By Wa'il ibn Hujr : When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) recited the verse "Nor of those who go astray" (Surah al-Fatihah, verse 7), he would say Amin; and raised his voice (while uttering this word).

Abu-Dawood (Book 3 Hadith 932 )



Narated By AbuHurayrah : When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) recited the verse "Not of those with whom Thou art angry, nor of those who go astray," he would say Amin so loudly that those near him in the first row would hear it.

Abu-Dawood (Book 3 Hadith 934)

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab and Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman told him from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When the imam says 'Amin', say 'Amin', for the one whose 'Amin' coincides with the 'Amin' of the angels - his previous wrong actions are forgiven him."

Muwatta Imam-Malik Book 003, Hadith Number 047.


Ibn Shihab said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say 'Aameen' (extending it)."



It was narrated from Abdul-Jabbar bin Wa'il that his father said:
"I prayed behind the Messenger of Allah () and when he started to pray he said the Takbir and raised his hands until they were in level with his ears. Then he recited the Opening of the Book, and when he had finished he said 'Amin' and raised his voice with it." (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 880)
 

It was narrated from ‘Aishah that the Prophet (S) said:

o   “The Jews do not envy you for anything more than they envy you for the Salam and (saying) ‘Amin or Ameen’.” Sahih, Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 856

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CAN THE SAME SOORAH BE REPEATED IN PRAYER


A person may recite a soorah in the first rak’ah and repeat the same soorah in the second. The evidence for that is the general meaning of the ayath in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and also a party of those with you. And Allaah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Qur’aan as much as may be easy for you”


[al-Muzzammil 73:20]

Narrated Mu'adh ibn Abdullah al-Juhani: A man of Juhaynah told him that he had heard the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) reciting "When the earth is shaken" (Surah 99) in both rak'ahs of the morning prayer. But I do not know whether he had forgotten, or whether he recited it on purpose.

Sunan Abu Dawood (Book #3, Hadith #0815)


Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: A man heard another man reciting (in the prayers): 'Say (O Muhammad): "He is Allah, the one." (112.1) And he recited it repeatedly. When it was morning, he went to the Prophet and informed him about that as if he considered that the recitation of that Sura by itself was not enough. Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hand my life is, it is equal to one-third of the QURAN."

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 9 Book #93, Hadith #471)


===============================================================


 

RAFAYADEIN_RAISING OF HANDS IN SALAH


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Salim ibn Abdullah from Abdullah ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to raise his hands to the level of his shoulders when he began the prayer and when he raised his head from the ruku he raised them in the same way,saying, "("Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida)''Allah hears whoever praises him, our Lord and praise belongs to You." He did not raise them in the sujud.

Muwata Imam Malik Book 003, Hadith Number 017.

It was narrated from Salim, from his father, that:
The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) used to raise his hands until they were in level with his shoulders when he started to pray, and when he raised his head from bowing he did likewise, and when he said: Sami' Allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the one who praises Him)" he said: "Rabbana wa lakal-hamd (Our Lord, to You be praise)" and he did not raise his hands between the two prostrations. (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1058)

It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar that :
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) used to raise his hands when he began to pray, when he wanted to bow, when he raised his head from bowing, and when he stood up after the first two rak'ahs, he would raise his hands likewise, level with his shoulders. (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 1183)

It was narrated from Malik bin Al-Huwairith said:
"I saw the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H), when he started to pray, raise his hands, and when he bowed, and when he raised his head from bowing, until they were parallel with the top of his ears." (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 882)


It was narrated that Malik bin Al-Huwairith said:
"I saw the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) raise his hands until they reached the highest part of his ears, when he said the takbir, when he bowed and when he raised his head from bowing." (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 1025)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 1026)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1057)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 1264)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1103)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 0877)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 0878)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 0879)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 0881)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1086)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 1266)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1060)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1089)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1056)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1157)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1083)

Narrated by Nafi': Whenever Ibn 'Umar started the prayer with Takbir, he used to raise his hands: whenever he bowed(ruku), he used to raise his hands (before bowing) and also used to raise his hands on saying, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida", and he used to do the same on rising from the second Rak'a (for the 3rd Rak'a). Ibn 'Umar said: "The Prophet used to do the same."

Sahih Bukhari (Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 706)



Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:

I saw Allah's Apostle opening the prayer with the Takbir and raising his hands to the level of his shoulders at the time of saying the Takbir, and on saying the Takbir for bowing he did the same; and when he said,"Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida ", he did the same and then said, "Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd." But he did not do the same on prostrating and on lifting the head from it."

Sahih Bukhari Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 705
Sahih Bukhari Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 703
Sahih Bukhari Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 702
Sahih Bukhari Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 704

Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0758
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0759
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0761
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0762

Muwatta Imam Malik Book 003, Hadith Number 019
Muwatta Imam Malik Book 003, Hadith Number 021

Abu-Dawud Book 003, Hadith Number 0725
Abu-Dawud Book 003, Hadith Number 0737
Abu-Dawud Book 003, Hadith Number 0957



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JOINING SHOULDERS TO SHOULDERS AND FOOT TO FOOT


Narrated Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows for I see you from behind my back." Anas added, "Everyone of us used to put his shoulder with the shoulder of his companion and his foot with the foot of his companion."

SAHIH Bukhari (Volume 1, Book 11, Hadith 692)


Abu Mas'ud reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace he upon him) used to touch our shoulders in prayer and say: Keep straight, don't be irregular, for there would be dissension in your hearts. Let those of you who are sedate and prudent be near me, then those who are next to them, then those who are next to them. Abu Mas'ud said: Now-a-days there is much dissension amongst you.

Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0868
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0869
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0871
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0872
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0873
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0874
Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 0875

Narated By Abdullah ibn Umar : The Prophet (pbuh) said: Set the rows in order, stand shoulder to shoulder, close the gaps, be pliant in the hands of your brethren, and do not leave openings for the devil. If anyone joins up a row, Allah will join him up, but if anyone breaks a row, Allah will cut him off.

Abu-Dawud Book 002, Hadith Number 0666.


Narated By An-Nu'man ibn Bashir : The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to straighten our rows when we stood up to pray, and when we were straight, he said: Allah is most great (takbir).

Abu-Dawud Book 002, Hadith Number 0665.

Narated By Al-Bara' ibn Azib : The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to pass through the row from one side to the other; he used to set out chests and shoulders in order, and say: Do not be irregular. And he would say: Allah and His angels bless those who are near the first rows.


Abu-Dawud Book 002, Hadith Number 0664.


Narated By Anas ibn Malik : The Prophet (pbuh) said: Stand close together in your rows, bring them near one another, and stand neck to neck, for by Him in Whose hand my soul is, I see the devil coming in through openings in the row just like a small black sheep.

Abu-Dawud Book 002, Hadith Number 0667.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Umar ibn al-Khattab used to order the rows to be straightened, and when they had come to him and told him that the rows were straight he would say the takbir.

Muwatta Imam-Malik Book 009, Hadith Number 047. SUNAN IBN MAJAH (Book 9, Number 9.14.47)



Yahya related to me from Malik from his paternal uncle, Abu Suhayl ibn Malik, that his father said, "I was with Uthman ibn Affan when the iqama was said for the prayer and I was talking to him about being assigned a definite allowance by him. I continued talking to him while he was levelling some small stones with his sandals, and then some men that he had entrusted to straighten the rows came and told him that the rows were straight. He said to me, 'Line up in the row,' and then he said the takbir."

Muwatta Imam-Malik Book 009, Hadith Number 048.

Muwatta Imam-Malik Book 005, Hadith Number 008.




================================================================



DUA IN RUKOO



Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When one of you bows, he should say three time,:( 'Subhana Rabiyy al-'Adheem.) "glory be to my mighty lord,"

SUNAN ABU DAWOOD (Book #3, Hadith #0885)
SUNAN ABU DAWOOD (Book #3, Hadith #0869)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1697)


OTHER DUA IN RUKOO


Narrated 'AIsha: The Prophet used to say In hIs bowIng and prostratIons, "Subhanaka-Allahumma Rabbana wa-bIhamdIka Allahumma-IghfIrlI.' (I honor Allah from all what (unsuItable thIngs) Is ascrIbed to HIm. O Allah Our Lord! And all the praIses are for You. O Allah! ForgIve me)."

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #760)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #781)

NOTE:-IT IS NOT PERMISSIBLE TO RECITE QURAN IN RUKOO!.

'Ali b. Abi Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) forbade me to recite (the Qur'an) in a state of bowing and prostration.

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0972)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0973)

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0974)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0975)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0976)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0978)

=====================================================================



QAWMAH_STANDING AFTER RUKU


After the perfect Ruku, the person praying should raise his head from Ruku saying "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman hamida."

Narrated Abu Huraira: When the Prophet said, "Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida," (Allah heard those who sent praises to him)

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #761)


DU'A QAWMAH

Narrated Rifa'a bin Rafi AzZuraqi: One day we were praying behind the Prophet. When he raised his head from bowing, he said, "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman hamida." A man behind him said, "Rabbana walaka-l hamd hamdan Kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi" (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises). When the Prophet completed the prayer, he asked, "Who has said these words?" The man replied, "I." The Prophet said, "I saw over thirty angels competing to write it first."

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #764)


=====================================================================




HANDS FIRST OR KNEES FIRST IN SUJOOD


Narrated Wa'il ibn Hujr: I saw that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) placed his KNEES (on the ground) before placing his hands when he prostrated himself. And when he stood up, he RAISEd his hands before his KNEES.

ABU DAWOOD…..(Book #3, Hadith #0837)

It was narrated that Wa'il bin Hujr said:

"I saw the Messenger of Allah when he prostrated, he lowered his knees before his hands, and when he came up he raised his hands before his knees."

SUNAN NASEEI ( Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1090)

The only one who narrated it was Yazeed ibn Haaroon from Shurayk. Nobody reported from ‘Aasim ibn Kulayb except Shurayk, and Shurayk is not qawiy (strong). Al-Bayhaqi said in al-Sunan (2/101): its isnaad is da’eef (weak). Al-Albaani classed it as da’eef in al-Mishkaat (898) and al-Irwa’ (2/75).


Other scholars classed it as saheeh, such as Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) in Zaad al-Ma’aad). Among those who thought that one should go down into sujood knees first were Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and his student Ibn al-Qayyim; contemporary scholars who favour this view include Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz and Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen.


Narrated abuhurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: (Does) one of you kneel down in his prayer as a camel kneels down (i.e. put his knees before his hands).

SUNAN ABU DAWOOD…(Book #3, Hadith #0840)

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:
"The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) said: 'When one of you prostrates, let him put his hands down before his knees, and not kneel like a camel.'" (Hasan)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1092)
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1091)

Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (3/421): it was reported by Abu Dawood and al-Nisaa’i with a jayyid isnaad. It was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Irwa’ (2/78)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah made a valuable comment on this matter in al-Fataawa (22/449): “Praying in both ways is permissible, according to the consensus of the scholars. If a person wants to go down knees first or hands first, his prayer is valid in either case, according to the consensus of the scholars, but they disputed as to which is preferable.”




=====================================================================



FIRST SAJDAH


After the perfect Qawmah the person praying should move to perform Sajdah saying: "Allahu akbar" putting palms downwards on the ground below the ears. The knees should be brought downwards on the ground. His fingers and toes should be pointing towards Qiblah without spreading the fingers of the hands.


Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, "Be straight in the prostrations and none of you should put his forearms on the ground (in the prostration) like a dog."

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume #1, Book #12, Hadith #785).
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume #1, Book #10, Hadith #509).


During prostration seven parts of the body should touch the ground.

(i) The forehead along with the tip of the nose
(ii) both hands
(iii) both knees
(iv) the bottom surface of the toes of both feet.

(Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 12, Number 773)

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0991)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0992)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0993)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0994)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0995)


In this position, he should say

''Subhana rabbil Allah"

("Oh, Allah, glory be to You, the Most High.")


There are some other Du'aa which can be read in the Sajdah position.

Abu Huraira reported:

The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: The nearest a servant comes to his Lord is when he is prostrating himself, so make supplication (in this state).

(Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 0979)

Abu Huraira reported:

The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to say while prostrating himself: O Lord, forgive me all my sins, small and great, first and last, open and secret.

(Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 0980)


NOTE:-IT IS NOT PERMISSIBLE TO RECITE QURAN IN SUJOOD (PROSTRATION)!.

'Ali b. Abi Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) forbade me to recite (the Qur'an) in a state of bowing and prostration.

SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0972)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0973)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0974)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0975)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0976)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #0978)

=====================================================================


 


JALSAH_SITTING BETWEEN TWO SAJDAH

After performing one Sajdah perfectly and calmly, the person praying should raise his head form Sajdah saying "Allahu Akbar" bending the left foot and sitting on it while keeping the right foot propped up with its toes pointing towards the Qiblah, the palms of his hands should rest on his thighs and knees, the back should be straight so that the joints go back in place.

It was narrated that Abu Mas'ud said:

"The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) said: 'The prayer is not valid if a man does not bring his backbone to rest while bowing and prostrating.'" (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (: Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 1028)



It is sunnah to say the following Du'aa while sitting in between the two Sajdah:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to say between the two prostrations: "(“Allaahumma ighfir li warhamni wajburni wahdini warzuqni )
O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, heal me, and provide for me."

ABU DAWOOD (Book #3, Hadith #0849)







=====================================================================

SECOND SAJDAH

Then the person should perform the second Sajdah saying "Allah Akbar" and repeat what he did in the first Sajdah.

====================================================================



JALSAH E ISTARAHAT_SITTING FOR REST


Then he should raise his head up saying "Allahu Akbar" and sit for a short while as he did in Jalsah. He does this before standing up for the second Rakat.

Narrated by Malik bin Huwairith Al-Laithi

''I saw the Prophet praying and in the odd Rakat, he used to sit for a moment before getting up''

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #786)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #11, Hadith #645)


=====================================================================



CLOSING  FEET TOGETHER IN SUJOOD OR PROSTRATION

Report narrated by the Mother of the Believers ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: I noticed that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was not there and he had been with me in my bed. I found him prostrating, with his heels together and his toes turned towards the qiblah, and I heard him saying, “I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your wrath, and in Your forgiveness from Your punishment, and in You from You; I praise you and I cannot praise You enough.”

Narrated by al-Tahhaawi in Bayaan Mushkil al-Athaar (1/104); Ibn al-Mundhir in al-Awsat (no. 1401); Ibn Khuzaymah in his Saheeh (1/328); Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh (5/260); al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (1/352), and from him by al-Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al-Kubra (2/167). 

Al-Haakim said: This is a saheeh hadeeth according to the conditions of the two Shaykhs (al-Bukhaari and Muslim) but they did not narrate this version.

Ibn al-Mulaqqin said in al-Badr al-Muneer (3/669): Its isnaad is saheeh. It was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) in Asl Sifat Salaat al-Nabi sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (2/736). 

Ibn Khuzaymah included this hadeeth in a chapter entitled: Chapter on keeping the heels together whilst prostrating. 

Al-Bayhaqi included it in a chapter in al-Sunan al-Kubra (2/167) entitled: Chapter on what was narrated concerning keeping the heels together whilst prostrating. 

 

 

SECOND RAKAT


After standing up for the second Rakaat, he should fold his hands over his chest as he did in the first Rakaat and start his recitation by reading "Bismillah..and Surah Fatihah followed by any passage or a chapter of the holy Quran." Then he should complete his second Rakaat in the manner of the first one.






=====================================================================



FIRST TASHAHUD


Narrated by Muhammad bin 'Amr bin 'Ata'

Abu Humaid As-Saidi said, "I remember the prayer of Allah's Apostle better than any one of you. ... On sitting in the second Rak'a he sat on his left foot and propped up the right one; and in the last Rak'a he pushed his left foot forward and kept the other foot propped up and sat over the buttocks."

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #791)



RECITATION IN TASHAHUD

Narrated by 'Abdullah

When we prayed with the Prophet we used to say: As-Salam be on Allah from His worshipers, As-Salam be on Gabriel, As-Salam be on Michael, As-Salam be on so-and-so. When the Prophet finished his prayer, he faced us and said, "Allah Himself is As-Salam (Peace), so when one sits in the prayer, one should say, 'At-Tahiyatu-lillahi Was-Salawatu, Wat-Taiyibatu, As-Salamu 'Alaika aiyuhan-Nabiyyu wa Rah-matul-lahi wa Barakatuhu, As-Salamu 'Alaina wa 'ala 'Ibadillahi assalihin, for if he says so, then it will be for all the pious slave of Allah in the Heavens and the Earth. (Then he should say), 'Ash-hadu an la ilaha illalllahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'Abduhu wa rasulu-hu,' and then he can choose whatever speech (i.e. invocation) he wishes "

(Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 74, Number 249)






====================================================================



AFTER TASHAHUD WHILE STANDING ON THIRD RAKAT HE USED TO RAISE HIS HANDS


Narrated by Nafi': Whenever Ibn 'Umar started the prayer with Takbir, he used to raise his hands: whenever he bowed(ruku), he used to raise his hands (before bowing) and also used to raise his hands on saying, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida", and he used to do the same on rising from the second Rak'a (for the 3rd Rak'a). Ibn 'Umar said: "The Prophet used to do the same."

Sahih Bukhari (Volume 1 : Book 12 : Hadith 706)

It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar that :
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) used to raise his hands when he began to pray, when he wanted to bow, when he raised his head from bowing, and when he stood up after the first two rak'ahs, he would raise his hands likewise, level with his shoulders. (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 1183)

=====================================================

MOVING THE FOREFINGER DURING TASHAHUD


Abdullah b. Zubair narrated on the authority of his father: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sat in prayer. he placed the left foot between his thigh and shank and stretched the right foot and placed his left hand or his left knee and placed his right hand on his right thigh, and raised his finger.

SAHIH MUSLIM...(Book #004, Hadith #1201)

'Abdullah b. Zubair narrated on the authority of his father that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sat for supplication, i. e. tashahhud (blessing and supplication), he placed his right hand on his right thigh and his left hand on his left thigh, and pointed with his forefinger, and placed his thumb on his (milddle) finger, and covered his knee with the palm of his left hand..

SAHIH MUSLIM... (Book #004, Hadith #1202)

Ibn 'Umar reported that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sat for tashahhud he placed his left hand on his left knee. and his right hand on his right knee. and he raised his right finger, which is next to the thumb, making supplication in this way, and he stretched his left hand on his left knee. Another version on the authority of Ibn Umar says: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sat for tashahhud, he placed his left hand on his left knee and placed his right hand on his right knee, and he formed a ring like (fifty-three) and pointed with his finger of attestation.

SAHIH MUSLIM....(Book #004, Hadith #1203)

Narrated Wa'il ibn HUJR: I purposely looked at the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), how he offered it. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stood up, faced the direction of the qiblah and uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) and then raised his hands in front of his ears, then placed his right hand on his left (catching each other). When he was about to bow, he raised them in the same manner. He then placed his hands on his knees. When he raised his head after bowing, he raised them in the like manner. When he prostrated himself he placed his forehead between his hands. He then sat down and spread his left foot and placed his left hand on his left thigh, and kept his right elbow aloof from his right thigh. He closed his two fingers and made a circle (with the fingers). I (Asim ibn Kulayb) saw him (Bishr ibn al-Mufaddal) say in this manner. Bishr made the circle with the thumb and the middle finger and pointed with the forefinger.

SUNAN ABU DAWOOD…(Book #3, Hadith #0725)
SUNAN ABU DAWOOD…(Book #3, Hadith #0957)


It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar that:
When the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) sat during the prayer, he put his hands on his knees and raised the finger that is next to the thumb, and supplicates with it, and his left hand was on his knee laid on it. (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 1270)


Wa'il bin Hujr said:
"I am going to watch the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) and see how he prays. So, I watched him." And he described (his prayer): "Then he sat and lay his left foot on the ground, and placed his left hand on his left thigh and knee.He put his right elbow on his right thigh, then he made a circle with two fingers of his (right) hand, then he raised his finger and I saw him moving it, supplicating with it." (Sahih)


SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 1269).
SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 890)


=====================================================


IT IS SUNNAH TO LOOK AT YOUR FINGER WHILE MOVING

It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin 'Umar that:

He saw a man moving pebbles with his hand while praying. When he finished, 'Abdullah said to him: "Do not move the pebbles while you are praying, for that is from Shaitan. Rather do what the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) used to do." He said: "What did he used to do?" He said: "He would put his right hand on his right thigh, and point with the finger that is next to the thumb toward the Qiblah, and he would look at it, or thereabouts." Then he said: "This is what I saw the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) doing." (Sahih)

SUNAN NASEEI (Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith 1161)
MUWATTA IMAM MALIK (: Book 3, Hadith 51)

 

“He  (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) would spread his left palm on his left knee, clench all the fingers of his right hand, point with the finger adjacent to the thumb towards the qiblah, and fix his sight on it (i.e. the finger).” [Muslim, Abu `Awaanah & Ibn Khuzaimah. Humaidi (13/1) and Abu Ya`laa (275/2) added with a saheeh sanad on the authority of Ibn `Umar: "and this is the shooting of the devil; no-one will forget when he does this".]
 

Also, “when he  (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) pointed with his finger, he would put his thumb on his middle finger” [Muslim & Abu `Awaanah], and sometimes “he would make a circle with these two.” [Abu Daawood, Nasaa'i, Ibn al-Jaarood in al-Muntaqaa (208), Ibn Khuzaimah (1/86/1-2) & Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh (485) with a saheeh sanad.]

 

“When he raised his finger, he would move it, supplicating with it” [Abu Daawood, Nasaa'i, Ibn al-Jaarood in al-Muntaqaa (208), Ibn Khuzaimah (1/86/1-2) & Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh (485) with a saheeh sanad.], and he used to say, “It is surely more powerful against the devil than iron, meaning the forefinger.” [Ahmad, Bazzaar, Abu Ja`far al-Bukhteeri in al-Amaali (60/1), `Abdul Ghani al-Maqdisi in his Sunan (12/2) with a hasan sanad, Rooyaani in his Musnad (249/2) & Baihaqi.]

 

“the Companions of the Prophet ( (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) used to remind each other, that is, about pointing with the finger when supplicating.” [Ibn Abi Shaibah (2/123/2) with a hasan sanad.]

 

Once, “he saw a man supplicating with two fingers, so he said, “Make it one, [make it one,]” and indicated with his forefinger.” [Ibn Abi Shaibah (12/40/1, 2/123/2) & Nasaa'i]
=====================================================



AT THE END OF THE LAST RAKAT_ADD THE FOLLOWING TO THE END OF TASHAHUD


Narrated Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Laila: Ka'b bin Ujrah met me and said, "Shall I not give you a present I got from the Prophet?" 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Yes, give it to me." I said, "We asked Allah's Apostle saying, 'O Allah's Apostle! How should one (ask Allah to) send blessings on you, the members of the family, for Allah has taught us how to salute you (in the prayer)?' He said, (“Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aali Muhammad kama salayta ‘ala Ibraaheem wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed. Allaahumma baarik ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aali Muhammad kama baarakta ‘ala Ibraaheem wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed (O Allaah, send prayers upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent prayers upon Ibraaheem and upon the family of Ibraaheem )

'Say: O Allah! Send Your Mercy on Muhammad and on the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your Mercy on Abraham and on the family of Abraham, for You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious. O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You sent your blessings on Abraham and on the family of Abraham, for You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious.' "

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 4 Book #55, Hadith #589)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 4 Book #55, Hadith #588)


=====================================================



AFTER THE TASHAHUD AND BEFORE THE SALAAM READ THIS DUA


Narrated 'Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to invoke Allah in the prayer saying "Allahumma inni a'udhu bika min adhabil-qabri, wa a'udhu bika min fitnatil-masihid-dajjal, wa a'udhu bika min fitnatil-mahya wa fitnatil-mamati. Allahumma inni a'udhu bika minal-ma thami wal-maghrami. (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave and from the afflictions of Masi,h Ad-dajjal and from the afflictions of life and death. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the sins and from being in debt)." Somebody said to him, "Why do you so frequently seek refuge with Allah from being in debt?" The Prophet replied, "A person in debt tells lies whenever he speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them)." 'Aisha also narrated: I heard Allah's Apostle in his prayer seeking refuge with Allah from the afflictions of Ad-dajjal.

SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 1 Book #12, Hadith #795)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 2 Book #23, Hadith #459)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 6 Book #60, Hadith #230)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 8 Book #75, Hadith #379)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 8 Book #75, Hadith #386)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 8 Book #75, Hadith #387)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 8 Book #75, Hadith #388)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 8 Book #75, Hadith #376)
SAHIH BUKHARI (Volume 9 Book #88, Hadith #243)


SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1216)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1217)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1218)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1219)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1220)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1221)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1224)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #004, Hadith #1225)
SAHIH MUSLIM (Book #035, Hadith #6534)


====================================================


TASLIM AT THE COMPLETION OF THE PRAYER


'Amir b. Sa'd reported: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may
peace be open him) pronouncing taslim on his right and on his
left till I saw the whiteness of his cheek.

SAHIH MUSLIM (BOOK 4 HADITH 1208)
SAHIH MUSLIM (BOOK 4 HADITH 1207)
SAHIH MUSLIM (BOOK 4 HADITH 1206)



After praying for himself as much as the person wishes, he should end his Salah saying: "Peace be on you and the Mercy of Allah." ("As sala'amu alaikum wa rahmatullah") turning the face first to the right and then to the left, both times over the shoulder. This brings the two, three or four Rakaat of the Salat to completion.


And Allah Knows the Best!!
=====================================================



MAY ALLAH Guide us AND keep us on the straight path!

PLS DO CHCK THE REFERENCES they are from English and Arabic books of ahadees

 

SEE ALSO

Importance of Salah; Salah; Wudhu; Fajr; Salat e Istekhara; Salat e Istesqa;

 

REFERENCES

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