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MARY OR MARYAM


Maryam or Mariam (Arabic - مريم) is the mother of Prophet Eesa (Called as Jesus) عليه السلام.

 

Table of Contents

 

Meaning of the word

The word MARYAM means Virtuous, Pious, God-Fearing and Devoted to God.[1]

 

Birth of Maryam

[Mention, O Muhammad], when the wife of 'Imran said, "My Lord, indeed I have pledged to You what is in my womb, consecrated [for Your service], so accept this from me. Indeed, You are the Hearing, the Knowing." But when she delivered her, she said, "My Lord, I have delivered a female." And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, "And the male is not like the female. And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of Allah ]." So her Lord accepted her with good acceptance and caused her to grow in a good manner and put her in the care of Zakriyah. Every time Zakriyah entered upon her in the prayer chamber, he found with her provision. He said, "O Mary, from where is this [coming] to you?" She said, "It is from Allah . Indeed, Allah provides for whom He wills without account." Quran Surah Aa’le Imran 3:35-37

 

Honour to Maryam in Qur’an

Allah honor Maryam عليه السلامas there is a surah in the Quran by name Surah Maryam. Surah Maryam is the nineteenth Surah of the Glorious Qur’an which contains ninety eight aayaath. For more read Surah Maryam - http://www.askislampedia.com/wiki/-/wiki/English_wiki/Surah+Maryam#.Uv4mBPseWt8

 

Tafsir Ibn Kathir on the Story of Maryam's Birth

The wife of `Imran mentioned here is the mother of Maryam, and her name is Hannah bint Faqudh. Muhammad bin Ishaq mentioned that Hannah could not have children and that one day, she saw a bird feeding its chick. She wished she could have children and supplicated to Allah to grant her offspring. Allah accepted her supplication, and when her husband slept with her, she became pregnant. She vowed to make her child concentrate on worship and serving Bayt Al-Maqdis (the Masjid in Jerusalem), when she became aware that she was pregnant. She said, (O my Lord! I have vowed to You what is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services, so accept this from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing.) meaning, You hear my supplication and You know my intention. She did not know then what she would give birth to, a male or a female.

 

Then when she gave birth to her, she said: "O my Lord! I have given birth to a female child, and Allah knew better what she bore. And the male is not like the female, in strength and the commitment to worship Allah and serve the Masjid in Jerusalem.

 

And I have named her Maryam, thus, testifying to the fact that it is allowed to give a name to the newly born the day it is born, as is apparent from the Ayah, which is also a part of the law of those who were before us.

 

Hadith

Allah's statement that Maryam's mother said, ("...And I seek refuge with You for her and for her offspring from Shaytan, the outcast.'' Quran Surah 3:36) means, that she sought refuge with Allah from the evil of Shaytan, for her and her offspring, i.e., `Isa, peace be upon him. Allah accepted her supplication, for `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Abu Hurayrah(R) said that the Messenger of Allah said, Every newly born baby is touched by Shaytan when it is born, and the baby starts crying because of this touch, except Maryam and her son.) Abu Hurayrah(R) then said, "Read if you will,(And I seek refuge with You for her and for her offspring from Shaytan, the outcast).'' Sahih Al Bukhari 4590 (Vol. 6, 71) and Sahih Muslim 2366 [2]

 

News of Prophet Eesa (Jesus)

Quran describes the news of Eesa عليه السلامto mother Mariam عليه السلامas: [And mention] when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary - distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah ]. He will speak to the people in the cradle and in maturity and will be of the righteous." Quran Surah Aa’le Imran 3:45-46

 

In the Qur’an Surah Maryam, Allah describes this instance: And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Angel, and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man. She said, "Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful from you, [so leave me], if you should be fearing of Allah ." He said, "I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy." Quran Surah Maryam 19: 16-19

 

Birth of Prophet Eesa as a sign for Mankind and Mercy from Allah

Quran gives the detail description as: She said, "How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?" He said, "Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, 'It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.' " So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place. (i.e. Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, "Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten." But he called her from below her, "Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream. And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. So eat and drink and be contented. And if you see from among humanity anyone, say, 'Indeed, I have vowed to the Most Merciful abstention, so I will not speak today to [any] man.' " Quran Surah Maryam 19: 20-26

 

Maryam comes back to Jerusalem

After giving birth to Prophet Isa (Jesus) عليه السلام, Maryam عليه السلامcame back to Jerusalem with her child. Since she was widely considered to be a pure and pious woman, the people of Jerusalem were amazed to see a child with Maryam. They asked her about his father but she said nothing and pointed to the child. This further confused the people because there was no point in asking an infant about his birth. Allah said in Surah Maryam:

 

Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, "O Mary, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented. O sister of Aaron (she was of his descendants), your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste." So she pointed to him. They said, "How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child? Quran Surah Maryam 19: 27-29

 

Jesus spoke in the cradle

While the people (mostly Jews of the time) were taunting Maryam عليه السلامasking her about the child’s father, a miracle happened. The infant which was still in cradle started speaking to the Jews. The Quran mentions the words of the infant as follows: [Jesus] said, "Indeed, I am the servant of Allah . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive. And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant. And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive."  Quran Surah Maryam 19: 30-33 [3]

 

Virtue of Mariam in Islam

Maryam عليه السلامwas a most pious woman, Allah said in Qur’an:And [mention] when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the worlds. O Mary, be devoutly obedient to your Lord and prostrate and bow with those who bow [in prayer]." Quran Surah Aa’le Imran 3:42-43

 

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari(R):The Prophet () said, "The superiority of `Aisha to other ladies is like the superiority of Tharid (i.e. meat and bread dish) to other meals. Many men reached the level of perfection, but no woman reached such a level except Mary, the daughter of Imran and Asia, the wife of Pharaoh." Sahih al-Bukhari 3433 (Vol. 4:643) [4]

 

References

[1] http://quranicnames.com/mariam/

[2] [4] http://muttaqun.com/maryam.html

[3] http://www.iqrasense.com/people-of-the-book/the-story-of-the-birth-of-prophet-jesus-eesa.html

 

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