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ASHARATU MUBASHSHARAH OR AL-ASHARATU MUBASHSHARUN BIL-JANNAH


Asharatu Mubashsharah (Arabic: العشرة المبشّرون بالجنة or عشرة المبشّر) are the ten companions of Muhammad ﷺ who were given promised paradise during the time of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

 

Table of Contents

 

Meaning

The 10 chaplets or necklaces were the 10 best companions of the Prophetknown as Ashra-Mubbashshira (10 bestowed with good news). These were foretold in this world of their salvation in the hereafter i.e. they were given the good news of entering paradise by the Prophet’sown lips and after naming each one he said “in Paradise”

 

Names of 10 best companions

  • Abu Bakr Siddique رضى الله عنه
  • Umar ibn Khattab رضى الله عنه
  • Uthman ibn Affaan رضى الله عنه
  • Ali ibn Abi Taalib رضى الله عنه
  • Talhah رضى الله عنه
  • Zubair رضى الله عنه
  • Abdur Rahman bin Auf رضى الله عنه
  • Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas رضى الله عنه
  • Saeed bin Zaid رضى الله عنهand
  • Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah  رضى الله عنه

 

Hadith

Narrated Sa'id ibn Zayd(R):AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Messenger of Allah () that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet () will go to Paradise, AbuBakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd. Classed as sahih by sheikh Albani in Sunan Abi Dawud 4649

 

Rabah ibn al-Harith(R) said:I was sitting with someone in the mosque of Kufah while the people of Kufah were with him. Then Sa'id ibn Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl came and he welcomed him, greeted him, and seated him near his foot on the throne. Then a man of the inhabitants of Kufah, called Qays ibn Alqamah, came. He received him and began to abuse him.

 

Sa'id asked: Whom is this man abusing? He replied: He is abusing Ali. He said: Don't I see that the companions of the Messenger of Allah () are being abused, but you neither stop it nor do anything about it? I heard the Messenger of Allah () say--and I need not say for him anything which he did not say, and then he would ask me tomorrow when I see him --AbuBakr will go to Paradise and Umar will go to Paradise. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect (as in No. 4632).

 

He then said: The company of one of their man whose face has been covered with dust by the Messenger of Allah () is better than the actions of one of you for a whole life time even if he is granted the life-span of Noah. Classed as sahih by sheikh Albani in Sunan Abi Dawud 4650

 

See also

Sahaba or companions in Islam; Abu Bakr Siddique(R)Umar ibn Khattab(R), Uthman ibn Affaan(R); Ali ibn Abi Taalib; Aisha(R) ; Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas(R); Abu Hurairah(R);

 

References

http://islamic-dictionary.tumblr.com/post/3932678213/al-asharatu-mubashsharun-bil-jannah-or

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