Umrah is an Islamic rite and consists of pilgrimage to the Ka‘bah. A set of religious and devotional rites performed in Makkah at any time of the year in a state of dress and condition known as Ihram with the intention of performing certain religious rites there according to the method prescribed by the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace). It has also been referred to in English as the minor pilgrimage andmajor pilgrimage being the Hajj.
Hajj means a specific journey to Makkah during the designated month of DhulHijjah, for the performance of Pilgrimage as an act of worship to Allah (Glory be to Him) alone. Islam means Muslims submitting their will to the will of Allah (Glory be to Him). And by Hajj, Muslims are doing the same. A Muslim performing Hajj is in total obedience to Allah (Glory be to Him) through physical and financial involvement.
Lexically, Tawaaf means to turn, walk, etc around something. Islamically, Tawaaf is the circumambulation of the kaba seven times in anti-clock wise direction. People usually do this during Umrah or Hajj. It is the second compulsory act of Umrah. If one omits this act whether knowingly or because of ignorance of the rule, the Umrah becomes null and void, and as a result one's Ihram also becomes void. A Tawaaf is a complete act of going round the Kaba seven successive times.
Safa and Marwa are the two small mountains near Kaba in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is an essential part of an Umrah and Hajj. Every Muslim pilgrimage is required to walk seven times between these two places. And this walking between two places is called as Sa'ee. This two places are the signs of Allah (Glory be to Him).
Hajj means a specific journey to Makkah during the designated month of DhulHijjah, for the performance of Pilgrimage as an act of worship to Allah (Glory be to Him) alone. A Muslim performing Hajj is in total obedience to Allah (Glory be to Him) through physical and financial involvement. Below information clarifies many questions related to Hajj & Umrah.
The story of Ibraheem (alaihi as-salaam) is greatly associated with Hajj because the origin of Hajj is old as the Kaa'ba, which was built by Ibraheem (alaihi as-salaam) and his son, Isma'eel (alaihi as-salaam). Quran Surah al-Hajj 22: 26-27 Every act of Hajj reminds us of the noble family of Ibraheem (alaihi as-salaam) since every act of Hajj refers back to the righteous actions and struggle of either Ibraheem (alaihi as-salaam), his wife Hajrah or his son Isma'eel (alaihi as-salaam).
Arafah is the name of the Granite hill which is located at the east of Makkah. It is also known as the mount of mercy (Jabal Ar-Rahmah). The hill is the place where the prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him Peace) stood and delivered the Farewell Sermon to the Muslims who had accompanied him for the Hajj towards the end of his life. ‘Arafah is the most important stop during Hajj, located beyond Muzdalifah.
Mina, is a place which lies between the City of Makkah and Muzdalifah in Saudi Arabia, is now known as tent city. Here are the white pillars representing the devil at which the hajj pilgrims cast the pebbles when they gathered at Muzdalifah.
Jamrat is a Hajj ritual that involves stoning the three pillars that represent the devil (shaytan in Arabic). As part of this Hajj ritual, the pilgrims throw small pebbles at those three structures of Jamrat in the city of Mina. Pilgrims collect these pebbles at Muzadlifah. These pebbles (small stones) can also be collected in the city of Mina, east of Makkah. The process of casting or stoning of seven pebbles to these pillars is called as Rami or Ramee.
The country of Saudi Arabia is located in the southwest corner of Asia, the Kingdom is at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. It is surrounded by the Red Sea on the West, by Yemen and Oman on the South, the Arabian Gulf and the United Arab Emirates and Qatar on the East, and Jordan, Iraq and Kuwait on the North. Saudi Arabia's Red Sea coastline stretches about 1,760 kilometers (1,100 miles) while its Arabian Gulf coastline roughly 560 kilometers (350 miles).
A Masjid or Mosque is the building in which Muslims worship Allah سبحانه و تعالى. Throughout Islamic history, the mosque was the centre of the community and towns formed around this pivotal building. Nowadays, especially in Muslim countries mosques are found on nearly every street corner, making it a simple matter for Muslims to attend the five daily prayers.
Al-Masjid al- Nabwi is the second next superior to al-Masjid al-Haraam from all the mosques in the world. The best of all mosques is al-Masjid al-Haraam (The Sacred Mosque in Makkah), then al-Masjid an-Nabawi (the Prophet's Mosque in Madeenah), then al-Masjid al-Aqsa (Bait ul Maqdis, Palestine).
Meeqat is an Arabic word; it literally means "a confirmed place". It is a place beyond which no Muslim who is intending to perform Hajj or 'Umrah can go towards Makkah without being in a state of Ihram. For example, the miqat of the people of Madina is Dhul Hulayfa.
Al-Baqi`al Gharqad is the graveyard or Cemetery of the people of Al-Madinah and has been so since the time of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. This cemetery has been the final resting place of the residents of Madinah, as well as those of nearby neighboring areas and of visitors, since the time of Hijrah. It was the preferred final resting place of the noble Companions (may Allah be pleased with them all).
The ihram is basically a costume worn by Muslims. It is the sacred state of ihram which they wear while performing their pilgrimage to Makkah. The ihram consists of two lengths of usually white, seamless fabric, one worn about the hips and the other over the shoulders. Ihram is not just about the clothes you put on, its about a state of being you put yourself in before entering the sacred territory intending to perform Hajj or Umrah.
The Black Stone (الحجر الأسود) near Kaba, Makkah, in Arabic, is called Al-hajar Al-aswad. Many geologists and historians believe it to be a meteorite. It is the eastern cornerstone of the Kaba, the ancient sacred stone building towards which Muslims pray, in the center of the Grand Mosque in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Maqam - e - Ibrahim is the stepping stone used by Prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon him) during the original construction of the Ka`bah. The stone carries the imprints of his feet and is housed in a glass enclosure on the north side of the Ka`bah. The footprints of al-Khaleel (Ibraaheem, Peace be upon him) remained on the rock until the beginning of Islam. Al-Bidaayah wa'l-Nihaayah, 1/163
Literally, Kaba in Arabic means a high place with respect and prestige. The word kaaba may also be derivative of a word meaning a cube. Some of these other names include Bait ul Ateeq - which means, according to one meaning, the earliest and ancient. According to the second meaning, it means independent and liberating. Both meanings could be taken. Bait ul Haram - the honorable house.
Zam Zam is the name of the famous well in al-Masjid al-Haraam [the Sacred Masjid in Makkah, Saudi Arabia]. It provides the water to billions of people, especially during the Hajj for pilgrims. It is the well of Isma'el the son of Ibraheem (Peace be upon them both), from which Allah (Glory be to Him) quenched the thirst of Isma'el when he was an infant. His mother looked for water for him, but could not find any.
A `Eid is any day of gathering. It is derived from `Aada (meaning returned), because people return to it periodically. Some scholars say that it derives from `Aadah (custom or practice) because people are accustomed to celebrating it. Its plural is A`yaad. Ibn ul-`Araabee said: "It is called `Eed because it returns every year with renewed happiness." Lisaan ul-`Arab
The hadiy is animal sacrifice which the pilgrim gives as a gift (yahdeehi) during Hajj. It is one of the "al-An'aam" animals, i.e., sheep, cattle or camels, which they brings with them before entering Ihram. One of the differences between the one who does Tamattu' and the one who does Qiraan is that the one who does Qiraan does not exit Ihram after finishing his ‘Umrah; he remains in Ihram until the eighth of Dhu'l-Hijjah, which is the day when he enters the intention for Hajj.
Taqseer wal Halq means trimming or shaving hair. Shortening or clipping of the whole head of hair by the male pilgrim following the completion of Umrah or on the 3rd day of Hajj. This may be performed in lieu of halq (shaving).
It is prescribed for the Mutamatti‘ (pilgrim performing Tamattu Hajj) who performed Tahallul after ‘Umrah to enter into the state of Ihram for Hajj on the Day of Tarwiyah (8th of Dhul-Hijjah) from the place where they are staying, whether they are inside or outside Makkah or in Mina. The Prophetﷺcommanded his Sahabah who ended their `Umrah to enter into the state of Ihram for Hajj on the Day of Tarwiyah from their houses.
Qaarin enters into Ihraam with neeyah for 'Umrah and Hajj. Qiraan means entering ihraam for Umrah and Hajj both together. Or entering ihraam for ‘Umrah first then including Hajj in that before starting the Tawaaf of Hajj. That is done by intending that his tawaaf and saa'i will be for both Hajj and ‘Umrah.
Ramy literally means throwing, but Islamically it refers to the casting or stoning of seven pebbles. The symbolic throwing of pebbles is performed in Mina, Saudi Arabia. It is obligatory upon all pilgrims of the Hajj, whether Tamattu; Qiranor Ifrad.
Tahallul is derived from an Arabic root suggesting opening or untying (a knot). Tahallul in Hajj refers to dissolution or ending the state of Ihraam by virtue of which all restrictions of Hajj return lawful. A pilgrim who makes Tahallul is not in the state of Ihraam and is no longer performing Hajj.
Udhiyah is among the great rituals of Islam, which signify the Oneness of Allah, His Blessings, and Bounties. It reminds us the exemplary obedience of our father, Ibraheem (alaihi as-salaam), to His Lord and his great sacrifices to Him. Udhiyah encompasses much goodness and blessings and thus acquires a great deal of importance in the lives of Muslims.
A Masjid or Mosque is the building in which Muslims worship Allah سبحانه و تعالى (The God). Throughout Islamic history, the mosque was the centre of the community and towns formed around this pivotal building.  Masjid e Nimra is situated in Arafat, Makkah.
A Masjid or Mosque is the building in which Muslims worship Allah سبحانه و تعالى (The God). Throughout Islamic history, the mosque was the centre of the community and towns formed around this pivotal building.
Ihsar means obstruction. It is the hindrances that the pilgrims may come across when he/she is on the way to perform Hajj or Umrah. It is a situation in which the pilgrim who is in a state of Ihram is obstructed to perform Hajj or Umrah. It takes place either because of reasons like illness, or shortage of money. However, a pilgrim should not hasten to make Tahallul, if it is hoped that the impediment will soon end.
Talbiyyah are the wordings recited during Hajj and Umrah. Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. The wordings of Talbiyyah are Labbayk, Allahumma. Labbayk , Labbayk. La shareeka laka. Labbayk. lnnal-hamda wan-n 'imata laka wal- mulk. La shareeka lak'
Mutawwif is a knowledgeable person who can guide the pilgrim during Hajj. A Mutawwif can also be a Hajj guide appointed by the government of Saudi. Mutawwifeen, or Haj service providers, play an instrumental role in the experience of most pilgrims who come to perform the fifth pillar of Islam. Some mutawwifs are keen to assign prominent preachers who know the language of the respective pilgrims, to enlighten them on the rituals of Haj in their own language."