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VIRTUES OF THE FIRST 10 DAYS OF DHUL HIJJAH


FROM THE MOST virtuous of days are the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah (the 12th month in the lunar calendar, one of the sacred months and the month of Hajj). A group of those from the People of Knowledge say: “Verily they are the best days of the year just as the last ten nights of Ramadaan are the best nights of the year.” Some of the various types of righteous actions which are done in these first ten days are mentioned below.

 

Table of Contents

 

REMBRANCE OF ALLAAH

The first of the righteous actions is the remembrance of Allah سبحانه و تعالى. Allaah said: {… and the men and the women who remember Allaah much with their hearts and tongues - Allaah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).} [al-Ahzaab 33:35]

 

It has been affirmed from the Sahaabah (Companions) of the Prophet and from him (peace be upon him), that they increased in the takbeer (saying “Allaahu Akbar—Allaah is the Greatest) in the first ten days of the month of Dhul Hijjah and they raised their voice with it, each one of them saying the takbeer on his own. They raised their voices until the mountains shook from their takbeer but they did not say the takbeer in unison (in Jamaa’ah). Each of them said the takbeer on his own.

 

VOLUNTARY ACTS OF WORSHIP

This includes prayer, fasting or charity. It is reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged fasting and it is reported that he said: “Whoever fasts the Day of Arafah will have his sins expiated for two years (the past year and the coming year).” [Ibn Maajah]

 

DO NOT CUT HAIR OR NAILS FOR THE ONE DOING THE SACRIFICE

One who wants to do the Udhiyyah (sacrificial slaughter) should not cut his hair or nails during these ten days. He should do so before these ten days. The Prophet (peace be upon him), said: “When any one of you intending to sacrifice the animal enters in the month (of Dhul-Hijjah) he should not get his hair or nails touched (cut)”. [Muslim]

 

SUPPLICATE FOR THE HUJJAAJ

 One should make du`aa for the hujjaaj (pilgrims who have embarked upon the Hajj) that Allaah keeps them safe from all evil and that He returns them to their countries. This is because the hujjaaj are the guests of Ar-Rahmaan so they have a right upon us that we supplicate for them for ease in their affairs and their safe return.

 

UDHIYYAH – SACRIFICIAL SLAUGHTER

One should prepare to do the Udhiyyah (sacrificial slaughtering of an animal) and distribute the meat amongst family, friends, the needy etc. Abu Haneefah (may Allaah have Mercy upon him) was of the opinion that it was from the obligatory acts but most of others say that it is desirable. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said “Who does not slaughter should not come to the salaah. [Ibn Maajah]

 

ATTEND THE `EED SALAAH

Attend salaatul `Eed, greet one another, and leave off fasting on the day of `Eed and on the days of Tashreeq (i.e. the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul Hijjah).

 

References

Noble Shaykh S’ad Naasir Ash-Shitri, albaseerah.org

 

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