Ukrainian language, formerly called Ruthenian, or Little Russian, Ukrainian. East Slavic language spoken in Ukraine and in Ukrainian communities in neighboring Belarus, Russia, Poland, and Slovakia.
It is the official state languageof Ukraineand the principal language of the Ukrainians(77.8% of the total population, 87.8% people living in Ukraine communicate in Ukrainian.). Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic script.
Ukrainian is a lineal descendant of the colloquial language used in Kievan Rus (10th–13th century). It is written in a form of the Cyrillic alphabet and is closely related to Russian and Belarusian, from which it was indistinguishable until the 12th or 13th century. Ukrainian resembles Russian less closely than does Belarusian, though all three languages are in part mutually intelligible.
After the fall of Kievan Rus in the 13th century, the dialectal characteristics that distinguish Ukrainian from its sister languages emerged, but for many centuries thereafter the language had almost no literary expression owing to Ukraine’s long political subordination. It was not until the end of the 18th century that modern literary Ukrainian emerged out of the colloquial Ukrainian tongue. Like Belarusian, the Ukrainian language contains a large number of words borrowed from Polish
It is spoken by about 51 million people in Ukraine and in many other countries, including Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Paraguay, Poland, Romania, Russia and Slovakia.
Institute for the Ukrainian Language, Ukrainian language-informatical fund, Potebnya Institute of Language Studies.
Ukrainian language on websites ranks on 35th on its content available on net and it is 0.1% in terms of percentage.