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10 GURUS OF SIKHISM


Sikhism is a non-Semitic, Aryan, non-Vedic religion. It is a religion that has the sixth largest following in the world. There are approximately 23 to 27 million Sikhs in the world today. It was founded by Guru Nanak at the end of the 15th century. [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Introduction

The word 'Guru' in Sanskrit means teacher, honoured person, religious person or saint. Sikhism though has a very specific definition of the word 'Guru'. It means the descent of divine guidance to mankind provided through ten Enlightened Masters. This honour of being called a Sikh Guru applies only to the ten Gurus who founded the religion starting with Guru Nanak in 1469 and ending with Guru Gobind Singh in 1708; thereafter it refers to the Sikh Holy Scriptures the Guru Granth Sahib. [2]

 

Names of 10 GURU

First Guru- Guru Nanak,  Guru from 1469 to 1539

Second Guru- Guru Angad , Guru from 1539 to 1552 

Third Guru- Guru Amardas , Guru from 1552 to 1574 

Fourth Guru- Guru Ramdass , Guru from 1574 to 1581 

Fifth Guru- Guru Arjan dev  , Guru from 1581 to 1606

Sixth Guru- Guru Hargobind , Guru from 1606 to 1644 

Seventh Guru- Guru Har Rai  , Guru from 1644 to 1661

Eighth Guru- Guru Harkrishan  , Guru from 1661 to 1664

Ninth Guru- Guru Tegh Bahadur  ,  Guru from 1665 to 1675

Tenth Guru- Guru Gobind Singh , Guru from 1675 to 1708
 

Then eleventh Guru is Guru Granth Sahib(religious book) which continues from 1708 [3]

 

See also

INTRODUCTION TO SIKHISM; CONCEPT OF GOD IN SIKHISM; GURU GRANTH SAHIB;

 

References

[1] http://www.irf.net/Sikhism.html

[2] http://sgpc.net/gurus/index.asp

[3] http://www.sikhismguide.org/gurus.aspx

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