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TELUGU


Telugu language, is the largest member of the Dravidian language family. Primarily spoken in southeastern India, it is the official language of the state of Andhra Pradesh. In 2008 the Indian government announced that Kannada was to be designated as one of the classical languages of India.

 

Telugu borrowed several features of Sanskrit that have subsequently been lost in Sanskrit's daughter languages such as Hindi and Bengali, especially in the pronunciation of some vowels and consonants.

 

Table of Contents

 

History

The origins of the Telugu alphabet can be traced by to the Brahmi alphabet of ancient India, which developed into an alphabet used for both Telugu and Kannada, which in turn split into two separate alphabets between the 12th and 15th centuries CE.

 

The earliest known inscriptions containing Telugu words appear on coins that date back to 400 BC. The first inscription entirely in Telugu was made in 575 CE and was probably made by Renati Cholas, who started writing royal proclamations in Telugu instead of Sanskrit. Telugu developed as a poetical and literary language during the 11th century.

 

Until the 20th century Telugu was written in an archaic style very different from the everyday spoken language. During the the second half of the 20th century, a new written standard emerged based on the modern spoken language. In 2008 Telugu was designated as a classical language by the Indian government.

 

Language family: Dravidian

·         Southern

·         South-Central

·         Telugu languages

 

Facts

At 7.2% of the population, Telugu is the third-most-spoken language in the Indian subcontinent after Hindi and Bengali.

In Karnataka, 7.0% of the population speak Telugu, and in Tamil Nadu, where it commonly

Telugu also has official language status in the Yanam District of the Union Territory of Puducherry

 

Dialects

There are four distinct regional dialects in Telugu, as well as three social dialects that have developed around education, class, and caste. The formal, literary language is distinct from the spoken dialects—a situation known as diglossia.

 

Telugu is one of the 22 official languages of India. The Andhra Pradesh Official Language Act, 1966, declares Telugu the official language of Andhra Pradesh. This enactment was implemented by GOMs No 420 in 2005.Telugu also has official language status in the Yanam District of the Union Territory of Puducherry.

 

Number of speakers

A Dravidian language spoken by about 75 million people mainly in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language. It is also spoken in such neighboring states as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh, and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

 

There are also quite a few Telugu speakers in Canada, the USA, Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar and Réunion.

 

References

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/586432/Telugu-language

http://www.omniglot.com/writing/telugu.htm

http://www.vistawide.com/languages/top_30_languages.htm

 

 

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