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AS-SAFA WAL-MARWAH


Safa and Marwa are the two small mountains near Kaba in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is an essential part of an Umrah and Hajj. Every Muslim pilgrimage is required to walk seven times between these two places. And this walking between two places is called as Sa’ee. This two places are the signs of Allah (Glory be to Him).

 

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Qur’anic reflection

It is referred to in the Qur’an as one of the symbols of Allah (Glory be to Him) . As Allah (Glory be to Him)   said in the Qur’an: Innas-safaa wal marwata min sha'aa'irillaahi faman hajjal baita 'awi`tamara falaa janaaha 'alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa wa man tatawwa'a khiran fa'innallaaha shaakirun 'aleemun, Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2:158.

 

(Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah (Glory be to Him). So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times should compass them round, it is no sin in them, and if any one obeys his own impulse to good, be sure that Allah (Glory be to Him) is He Who recognises and knows.)

 

Pillar of Hajj

These are the two famous mountains/hills that are located in Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (the Grand Masjid) in Makkah. As-Safa was once connected to the mountain of Abu Qubays, while Al-Marwah was connected to the mountain of Qu‘ayqi‘aan. However, during the expansion process in Al-Masjid Al-Haraam, As-Safa and Al-Marwah were separated from them and became encompassed inside the mosque after having been outside of it.

 

The distance between As-Safa and Al-Marwah is about 400 m, and in the middle of the Mas‘a [the place where pilgrims perform Sa`ee (walking) between As-Safa and Al-Marwah] there are green lights that cover about 55 m. These lights are used to make people aware from which point the jogging starts and where it ends. This very distance is where Haajar, the wife of Prophet Ibraahim (Peace be upon Him) fast walked in her search for water. Muslim men, and not women, should fast walk this distance.

 

The Sa‘ee between As-Safa and Al-Marwah is one of the pillars of Hajj and ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage). A total of 7 one-way trips, beginning at Safa is required. It was reported in Sahih Al-Bukhaari on the authority of Jabir (May Allah be pleased with Him) that the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) , performed Sa‘ee between them seven times during his Farewell Hajj.

 

Sa'ee Between Safaa And Marwah

Running or brisk walking between Safa and Marwa is called as Sa’ee. Prophet (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) begins with as-Safaa - climbing upon it until he can see the Ka'bah. Then he faces the Ka'bah - and performed supplications and takbeer, saying:  

 

Allaahu akbar allaahu akbar allaahu akbar - laa illaaha illallahu wahdau laa shareekalahu - lahul mul ku wa lahul hamdu - yuheeu wa yumeetu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shai'in qadeer - laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalahu - anjaza wa'dahu wa nasara ' abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu.

 

Saying that three times and making du'aa after each time.Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace said): Make sa'ee as Allah has prescribed sa'ee for you.

 

So he walks till he reaches the green sign-post - on the right and left - then runs quickly till he reaches the next sign-post. And this place was in the time of the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) a dried river bed covered with small stones, and the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: (The river bed is not crossed except with vigour.) Then he walks up to Marwah and ascends it and does upon it as he did upon as-Safaa - facing the Qiblah, saying takbeer and tahleel and making du'aaand that forms one complete circuit.

 

Then he returns till he ascends as-Safa - walking in the place for walking, and running in the place for running - and that is a second circuit.

 

Then he returns to Marwah - and so on till he completes seven circuits finishing upon Marwah.

 

And it is permissible for him to go between Safaa and Marwah While riding. However the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) preferred to walk.

 

And if he makes du'aa in sa'ee, saying: Rabbighfir warham innaka antal a'azzul akram

 



(O lord forgive and have mercy,verily You are the Most Mighty, Most Noble)

 

Then when he finishes from the seventh circuit upon al-Marwah he shortens the hair of his head thus ending the 'Umrah - and everything that became forbidden to him upon entering Ihram now becomes permissible again - and he remains in the state of hill (being out of Ihram) until Yaum ut-Tarwiyyah (8th Dhul-Hijjah).

 

And he who made Ihram not intending to make 'Umrah before the Hajj - and not having brought the hadi (sacrificial animal) from outside sacred precincts then should also leave the state of Ihram in obedience to the Prophet's order and in avoidance of his anger. Those, however, who have bought the sacrificial animal with them remain in Ihram and do not leave that state until after the stoning on the Day of Sacrifice (Yaum-un-Nahr) (10th Dhul-Hijjah).

 

Invocation to be recited while standing at Safa and Marwah

   'Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min sha'aa'irillaah. 'Abda'u bimaa bada'allaahu bihi.

Surely Safa and Marwah are among the signs of Allah (Glory be to Him) . I begin by that which Allah (Glory be to Him) began.

 

He began (his Sa'y) at Mount Safa climbing it until he could see the House. He then faced the Qiblah repeating the words:

        Laa 'ilaaha 'illallaah, Allaahu 'Akbar

 

There is none worthy of worship but Allah (Glory be to Him) , and Allah (Glory be to Him)  is the Most Great.

 

Then he said: Laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa Huwa 'alaa kulli shay'in Qadeer, laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu ilahaahu, 'anjaza wa'dahu, wa nasara 'abdahu, wa hazamal 'ahzaaba wahdahu.

 

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah (Glory be to Him)  alone, Who has no partner, His is the dominion and His is the praise, and He is Able to do all things . None has the right to be worshipped but Allah (Glory be to Him)  alone, He fulfilled His Promise, He aided His slave, and He alone defeated Confederates.

 

Then he would ask Allah (Glory be to Him)  for what he liked, repeating the same thing like this three times. He did at Mount Marwah as he did at Mount Safa. Sahih Al Muslim Vol 2:888

 

References

Hajj and Umrah guide by Shaik Naseer Uddin Albani,

http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&id=154839

 

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