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SA'D IBN ABI WAQQAS (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM)


Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas(R) was one of the ten companions given the glad tidings of Paradise during their lifetimes. He was also known as Sa'd ibn Malik. He was also one of the six companions that 'Umar ibn Al-Khattaab said that the Messenger of Allah was pleased with when he died. [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Brief Biography

Sa`ad ibn AbīWaqqās (R) was an early revert to Islam and one of the important companions of Muhammad (saw). He was born in 39 BH in makkah. He was from the BanūZuhrah clan of the Quraysh tribe. His parents were Malik bin Uhaib and Hamnah bint Sufyan bin Ummaya.
 

He was the first one to shoot an arrow in the cause of Allah. He fought in the battle of Badr with his young brother Umayr, who cried to accompany the Muslim army, as he was only in his early teens. Sa`d returned to al-Madīnah alone; Umayr was one of the fourteen Muslims who martyred in the battle.

 

At the battle of Uhud, Sa`d(R) was among those who fought in defense of Muhammad after some Muslims had deserted their positions. One night after the battle the prophet could not sleep and was in fear of something. He wanted someone to guard him. Then Sa’d(R) came and said :” I sense fear in you so I will protect you.” So the Prophet made duaa for him and slept peacefully.
 

Steadfast towards Islam

He was the 3rd to accept Islam, but his mother applied EXTREME pressure on him to not accept Islam. She wanted him to follow the religion of the forefathers. When he did NOT obey her, she vowed not to eat or drink anything until he submits to her. She did not eat or drink anything for many days and fainted 3 times, BUT he was not prepared to forsake Islam.


Sa`d(R) also fought under `Umar's command against the Sāsānian army in the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah. He was later appointed governor of al-Kūfah and Najd during the caliphate of `Umar. Iraq and Fars (Iran) was conquered under his command.


He died in 55 AH in Medina at the time of Amir Mu’awiyah (RA). His body was brought to Medinah and he was buried in Baq’ee’s graveyard. He was the last of the Asharrah Mubasharah to die. [2]

 

The Virtues Of Sa'd Ibn Maalik

Sa'd ibn Maalik (May Allah be pleased with him) was of those whose du'a are answered by Allah. The people knew that about him and used to fear (that he would supplicate against them). In a hadith narrated upon the authority of Qais ibn Abee Haazim, upon Sa'd who said that the Messenger of Allah said: "O Allah! Answer the du'a of Sa'd if he asks You."

 

And in another hadith, narrated upon the authority of 'Ali ibn Abee Taalib (May Allah be pleased with him) who said: "The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him did not mention both of his parents for anyone except for Sa'd ibn Abee Waqqaas. He (the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him) said to him on the day of the Battle of Uhud: 'Shoot (an arrow), may my father and mother be taken as ransom for you.'"

 

In another hadith, narrated upon the authority of Abd-Allah ibn 'Aamir who said I heard Aisha say: "The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him laid down on his bed one night after his arrival in Medina and said: 'I wish there was a pious person from amongst my companions who would keep watch for me during the night.' She (Aisha) then said: 'We were in that state when we heard the clanging noise of weapons (being drawn).' He (the Messenger of Allah r) then said: 'Who is it?' He (Sa'd ibn Abee Waqqaas) said: 'This is Sa'd ibn Abee Waqqaas.' The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said to him: 'What brings you here?' Thereupon he said: 'I feared (lest any harm should come to) the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, so I came to serve as your sentinel.' The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him made du'a for him and then went to sleep."

 

And in another hadith, narrated upon the authority of Sa'eed ibn Musayyib who said that he heard Sa'd ibn Abee Waqqaas say: "On the day of the Battle of Uhud, the Prophet peace be upon him mentioned for me both of his parents (i.e. saying: "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you.") " [3]

 

Full Name

Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas (Malik) b. Uhaib b. 'Abd Manaf b. Zuhrah b. Kilab b. Murrah b. Ka'b

 

Parents

Malik bin Uhaib bin 'Abd Manaf / Hamnah bint Sufyan bin Umayyah bin 'Abd Shams

 

Siblings

'Amir ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Umayr ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Utba ibn Abi Waqqas

 

Birth Date/Place

39 BH/584 CE (Makkah)

 

Death Date/Place

55 AH/664 CE ((Al-'Atiq) Medina)[ Natural ]

 

Places of Stay

Makkah/Medina/Kufa

 

Area of Interest

Recitation/Quran, Narrator [ ع - صحابة ], Fiqh, Commander

 

Spouse(s)

bint Shihab bin 'Abdullah, Maria bint Qays, Umm 'Amir, Umm Hakim bint Qariz bin Khalid.

 

Children

Ishaq bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Umm Hakam, 'Umar bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Muhammad bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Umm Qasim, Umm Khultum, 'Amir bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Isma'il bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Mus'ub bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Ibrahim bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Ya'qub bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Aisha bint Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Yahya bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Salih, 'Abdullah bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Abdur Rahman, 'Umayr bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Amr bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Others

 

Teachers/Narrated From

Muhammad (saw), Khawlah bint Hakim

 

Students/Narrated By

'Umar bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Muhammad bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Amir bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Isma'il bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Mus'ub bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Ibrahim bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Ya'qub bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Aisha bint Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, 'Aisha bint Abi Bakr, ibn Umar, ibn Abbas, Jabir bin Samra, al-Sa'ib bin Yazid bin Akht Namr, Tha'laba bin Sa'ayr, Malik bin Aws bin al-Hadathan, Ibrahim bin 'Abdur Rahman, Abu 'Uthman al-Nahdi, Abu 'Abdur Rahman al-Salmi, 'Alqama bin Qays, Basr bin Sa'id al-Madni, al-Ahnaf bin Qays, Sharih bin Hani' al-Harithi, 'Amr bin Maymun al-Aw'di, Mujahid bin Jabir, Dinar Abu 'Abdullah al-Qaraz, Ghnym bin Qays al-Mazny, Others

 

Narrations

Sahih Bukhari: 56    Sahih Muslim: 52 [4]

 

References

[1] [3] http://www.pbuh.us/prophetMuhammad.php?f=Re_10_SadIbnMaalik

[2] [4] http://www.muslimscholars.info/

 

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