Romanian is a Romance language spoken by about 24 million people in Romania, Moldova, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Greece, and Albaniaand Ukraine. Romanian retains a number of features of Latin, such as noun cases, which other Romance languages dispensed with a long time ago. Romanian contains many words taken from the surrounding Slavic languages, and also from French, Old Church Slavonic, German, Greek and Turkish.
Romanian first appeared in writing during the 16th century mainly in religious texts and other documents. The earliest known text in Romanian dates from 1521 and is a letter from Neacşu of Câmpulung to the mayor of Braşov. Neacşu wrote in a version of the old Cyrillic alphabet similar to the one for Old Church Slavonic, and which was used in Walachia and Moldova until 1859.
From the late 16th century a version of the Latin alphabet using Hungarian spelling conventions was used to write Romanian in Translyvania. Then in the late 18th century a spelling system based on Italian was adopted.
A version of the Cyrillic alphabet was used in the Soviet Republic of Moldova until 1989, when they switched to the Romanian version of the Latin alphabet.
This version of the Latin alphabet was used during the transition from the Cyrillic to the Latin alphabets. It is still used, though mostly in church writings.
The first known text in Daco-Romanian dates from 1521, and the earliest inscription in Aromanian is dated 1731. The vocabulary of Romanian is, of course, based on that of Latin, but because of Romanian’s isolation, loanwords from non-Romance languages are frequent. Most common are Slavic words, but borrowings from Turkish, Hungarian, and Albanian also occur.
Academia Română Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Romanian language on websites ranks on 20th on its content available on net and it is 0.4% in terms of percentage.
This language has about 25 million speakers in the world.