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RAMY OR RAMEE STONING


Ramy literally means throwing, but Islamically it refers to the casting or stoning of seven pebbles. The symbolic throwing of pebbles is performed in Mina, Saudi Arabia. It is obligatory upon all pilgrims of the Hajj, whether Tamattu; Qiranor Ifrad.

 

Table of Contents

 

Full Name

Full Name of Ramy is Ramy al-Jamarah. It is the fourth obligatory act of Hajj is “Ramy al-Jamarah al-Aqaba” in the day of Eid Ul Adha (festivity of sacrifice), the meaning of that is to throw seven pebbles to a place which is placed at the end of Mena in the side of Makkah that is called “al-Jamarah al-Aqaba” Jamrat al-‘Aqabah is the first of the jamaraat to be stoned. It is stoned on the day of Eid after the sun has risen. 

 

History

It has been said that when Prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon Him) was taking his son Ismaa'eel (Peace be upon Him) with the intention of making a human sacrifice of him for Allah (Glory be to Him), Satan tried to get him to give up his intention. Prophet Ibraahim (Peace be upon Him) was reported to have driven him away by casting stones at him, and the three pillars known as Jamrahs are supposed to be at the approximate places where Satan appeared. Therefore, Ramy is said to be observed in commemoration of Prophet Ibraahim's (Peace be upon Him) struggle. Thus, when the pilgrim casts his pebbles crying out Allahu Akbar with each one, he is supposed to be proclaiming his firm desire to follow the Millah (creed) of Prophet Ibraahim (Peace be upon Him) and to avoid the paths of the devils.

 

When he [Ibrahim, Peace be upon Him] left Mina and was brought down to (the defile called) al-Aqaba, the Devil appeared to him at Stone-Heap of the Defile. Gabriel said to him: "Pelt him!" so Abraham threw seven stones at him so that he disappeared from him. Then he appeared to him at the Middle Stone-Heap. Gabriel said to him: "Pelt him!" so he pelted him with seven stones so that he disappeared from him. Then he appeared to him at the Little Stone-Heap. Gabriel said to him: "Pelt him!" so he pelted him with seven stones like the little stones for throwing with a sling. So the Devil withdrew from him

 

All three Jamarat represent the devil: the first and largest represents his temptation of Prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon Him) against sacrificing Ismail (Peace be upon Him); the second represents the temptation of Ibrahim's (Peace be upon Him) wife Hagar (Peace be upon Her) to induce her to stop him; the third represents his temptation of Prophet Ishmael (Peace be upon Him) to avoid being sacrificed. He was rebuked each time, and the throwing of the stones symbolizes those rebukes.

 

The stoning of the jamarat also represents the repudiation of man's self (literally the "internal despot," an-nafs al-'amara) and the act of casting aside one's low desires and wishes.

 

After performing Salatul Fajr in Muzdalifah on the morning of the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah the pilgrim should set out for Mina shortly before sunrise raising his voice in Talbiyyah. It should be remembered that the stones for Ramy can be picked up when needed in Minaa or Muzdalifah. It is also Bid'ah to wash the stones. Furthermore, the stones should be small pebbles so as not to cause injury if someone is accidentally hit.

 

The largest Jamrah known as al-'Aqabah should be stoned alone before Zuhr on the 10th of Zilhijjah, although stoning after Zuhr is also allowed. And pelting of 7 pebbles and only to big Jamrah by saying Allahu Akber. The pilgrim should stop making the Talbiyyah prior to beginning stoning the largest Jamrah on the tenth. The phrase Allah Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) should be recited with each stone that is cast. All of the stones cannot be cast at the same time. If that is done, it is considered the same as casting one stone, and six more must be collected and cast. It should be noted that only stones should be cast and not sticks or shoes etc., and it should also be remembered that the Jamrahs are not Satans (devils), even though they may be referred to as such by the common people. The practice of some ignorant pilgrims of climbing on top of the Jamrahs and beating them with shoes or sticks is totally outside both the letter and spirit of Hajj. Stoning for the young, old, weak and women can be done by others. However, the pilgrim who stones for others has to complete his or her stoning first. After Rami of Jamrah aqaba, (pelting of pebbles) sacrifice the sheep & eat something cooked out of it.

 

After Rami of Jamrah Ula, Jamrah Wusta, the haaji should supplicate facing towards Qibla but after Rami of Jamra Aqba (Pelting of Pebbles) return without making dua'a. Abu Dawood During rami If any Haji has a doubt in counting, he should complete the remaining counting by continuing with the same in which he is sure.

 

Hadith

Narrated by Salim, Ibn 'Umar (R) used to do Rami of the Jamrat-ud-Dunya (the Jamra near to the Khaif mosque) with seven small stones and used to recite Takbir on throwing every pebble. He then would go ahead till he reached the level ground where he would stand facing the Qibla for a long time to invoke (Allah (Glory be to Him)) while raising his hands (during the invocations). Then he would do Rami of the Jamrat-ul-Wusta (middle Jamra) and then he would go to the left towards the middle ground, where he would stand facing the Qibla. He would remain standing there for a long period to invoke (Allah (Glory be to Him)) while raising his hands, and would stand there for a long period. Then he would do Rami of the Jamrat-ul-Aqaba from the middle of the valley, but he would not stay by it, and then he would leave and say, "I saw the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) doing like this." Sahih Al Bukhari Vol 2:807

 

Ramy al-Jamarat in Mina

The ritual of Ramy al-Jamarat occurs in Mina. This ritual is known acts the "Stoning of the Devil." The pilgrims throw stones at three different pillars that signify the three locations at which Prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon Him) refused the challenges that were thrown at him by the Devil. They must hit each pillar at least seven times with the stones they picked up in Muzdalifah. The stones must not be bigger than beans due to the fact that larger stones signify exaggeration. The pilgrims call on Allah (Glory be to Him) to acknowledge and accept their Hajj every time they throw a pebble at one of the pillars.

 

Ramy al jimar, or the symbolic throwing of pebbles performed in Mina, is obligatory upon all pilgrims of the Hajj, whether tamattu; qiran or ifrad. This rite is performed ten times during the four days. The first ramy, in which only one point called Jamrat al‑`Aqabah is stoned, is performed on the day of `Id. On the second day, i.e. 11th of Dhu al‑Hijjah, the three jimar are stoned, and again every three on the third and the fourth day. This applies to the Hajj pilgrim who spends the night of the twelfth in Mina; otherwise there is no ramy for him on that day.

 

Stoning during the days of Tashreeq

The stoning on the days of Tashreeq (the 11th, 12th and 13th of ZilHijjah) starts from when the sun passes its zenith (i.e., when the time for Zuhr prayer begins). 

 

The time for stoning ends at the end of the night. If it is difficult and too hot etc ., there is nothing wrong with stoning them at night, until dawn comes, but it is not permissible to delay it until after dawn.

 

It is not permissible to stone the jamaraat on the 11th, 12th or 13th before the sun has passed its zenith, because the Messenger (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) did not stone them until after the sun had passed its zenith, and he said to the people: “Learn your rituals (of Hajj) from me.” The fact that the Messenger (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) delayed the stoning until this time, even though it is very hot then, and did not do it at the beginning of the day, when it is cooler and easier, indicates that it is not permissible to stone the jamaraat before this time. This is also indicated by the fact that the Messenger (May Allah honour Him and grant ) used to stone the jamaraat from the time when the sun had passed its zenith, before he prayed Zuhr. This indicates that it is not permissible to stone the jamaraat before the sun has passed its zenith – otherwise it would be better to do it before the sun passed its zenith so that one could offer the prayer at the beginning of its time, because it is better to pray at the beginning of the time for prayer. The point is that the evidence indicates that it is not permissible to stone the jamaraat on the days of Tashreeq before the sun has passed its zenith. Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam, p. 560 [2]

 

Obligatory acts in Ramy al-Jamarah

   1- Having the intention of closeness to Allah (Glory be to Him), and it is enough to have the intention in the heart that he/she has the intention of throwing seven pebbles to Jamarah for obeying Allah (Glory be to Him) and performing rituals of Hajj and it is not necessary to say this intention by words.

 

   2- The pilgrim should use seven pebbles (not being very large and not being very small, it is enough that each of them to be in size of a finger nail).

 

   3- Pebbles should be hurled one by one and throwing two pebbles together is considered is throwing only one.

 

Permission for the Weak

It is permissible for the weak – women, children and others – to stone it during the night of Eid (at the end of the night), because Asma’ bint Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with her) used to wait for the moon to set on the night of Eid, then when it set she would leave Muzdalifah for Mina and stone the jamrah. The time for stoning Jamrat al-‘Aqabah lasts until sunset on the day of Eid. 

 

There is nothing wrong with delaying that until the end of the night, because of the severe crowding, or because of being too far away from the jamaraat, but it should not be delayed until dawn on the eleventh of Dhu’l-Hijjah. [3]

 

References

[1] [3] http://islamqa.info/en/ref/36436/stoning

[2] http://islamqa.info/en/ref/49022

 

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