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RABI-UL-AWWAL


Rabi'ul-Awwal is the significant month in the Islamic history, because the last and Final Prophet for the entire universe, Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam was born in this month. Before the birth of the Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, not only the Arabian peninsula, but also the so-called civilized nations of Rome and Persia were drowned in the darkness of ignorance, superstitions, oppression and unrest. The Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, came with the eternal truth of Tawhid (Oneness of Allah), the only faith which provides a firm basis for the real concepts of knowledge, equity and peace. It is this faith which delivered humanity from ignorance and superstitions and spread the light of true knowledge all over the world. [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Qur’an

Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him]. Quran Surah Tawbah 9:36 [2]

 

Months in Islamic Calendar

There are twelve months in Islamic Calendar as mentioned in Qur’an: Surely the number of months with Allah is twelve months in Allah's ordinance since the day when He created the heavens and the earth, of these four being sacred…” Qur’an.Surah Tawbah 9:36.

 

The Twelve months of Islamic Calendar are as follows:

1. Muharram

2. Safar

3. Rabiul-Awwal

4. Rabi-ul Aakhir

5. Jumada-al- Ūlaa

6. Jumada- al- Aakhirah

7. Rajab

8. Sha'ban

9. Ramadhan or Ramzan

10. Shawwal

11. Dhil-Q'adah

12. Dhil-Hijjah [3]

 

Sacred Months

Allah (Glory be to Him) says about these 12 months in the Qur’an and of them four are Sacred and their names are mentioned in the hadith which is given below:

 

Abu Bakrah (R), reported that the Prophet Muhammad Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam said: "The year is twelve months of which four are sacred, the three consecutive months of Dhu'l-Qa'dah, Dhu'l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab which comes between Jumada and Sha'ban." Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 4:419 and 2958(NE) and Abu dawud 1942 [4]

 

Events in Rabi Ul Awwal

  • Birth of Prophet Muhammad Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, 52 or 53 BH - April 570 or 571 Common era
  • Prohibition of Drinking in Islam was revealed, Rabi-ul-Awwal 4 AH August 625 CE.
  • Deputation from Balli accepts Islam, 9 AH.
  • Various Ghazwa took place like Banu Nudair, Bani Lahyan, Tabuk etc
  • Ordinance of Jizya, tax on non-believers seeking protection from Muslims and exemption from military service in defense of the country they were living in as its citizens, 9AH
  • Ummul-Muminin Mariya(R), may Allah be pleased with her, gave birth to a son, Ibrahim, but he died later
  • The Prophet Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, lead the last Salat four days before his departure from this world on 12 Rabi ul Awwal, 11AH[5]
  • Allah knows best about the exact dates of the above events.

 

References

[1] http://www.albalagh.net/general/rabi-ul-awwal.shtml

[2] http://quran.com/9/36

[3] http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&id=155869

[4] http://www.sunnah.com/search/four-are-sacred

[5] http://history.muslimscholars.info/index.php?ID=7

 

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