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Noble Prophet Muhammadﷺ  has given us the best example on how a Muslim should fast. Below is the explanation in brief some of his habits in Ramazaan such as:


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1. When did the Prophet Fast

It was a part of his guidance that he would not begin fasting the month of Ramazaan until he had sighted the new moon or someone testified that he had seen it. If he did not sight it and no one testified to having sighted it, he would complete thirty days of Sha'baan. He ordered his companions then to complete thirty days of Sha'baan and this does not contradict his words: "If it is hidden from you, then calculate (when it should appear)" Sahih Muslim 1088


2. Ramazaan- The month of Worship

Ibn al Qayim mentioned that:

‘Among the guidance of the Prophet in the month of Ramazaan was his engagement in many forms of worship. The angel Gabriel used to teach him the Quran in this month. Whenever Gabriel met him he was more generous than a guided breeze. He was, ordinarily, the most charitable person, and yet when Ramazaan arrived he became even more generous. He gave much charity and engaged in kind acts, recitation of the Quran, prayers, remembrance and retreat during this month.’


Ibn Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates that when the month of Ramazaan approached, the Prophet, used to set free every prisoner and give alms to every beggar.' Shu'bul Imaan vol.1 pg.311; Hadith 3629


The Prophet Muhammadwas the best of those who remembered and worshipped Allah. As for the month of Ramazaan, it was made to be a season of worship and a time for remembrance and recitation. His nights were spent in supplication and humiliation unto his Lord, seeking His help, support, victory and guidance. He recited long surah of the Quran and stayed for long periods bowing (in ruku’) and prostrating himself before Him. Such was the desire that was never satisfied with worship, making his standing in the night a source of sustenance and supply as well as power and energy. Allah Almighty says: ‘O you who wraps himself [in clothing] Quran Surah 73:1


And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.Quran Surah 17:79


Among his practices also was that of retreat and seclusion(Itikaf) during the last ten days of Ramazaan. The Prophet did this in order to attune his heart ever more with Allah and to free his mind from the concerns of the world. The gaze of his heart thus became entirely focused in the heavens.


During this time, he limited his contacts with people and intensified his supplication and prayers to Allah, the Lord of all Majesty and Glory. His heart, therefore, indulged purely in the contemplation of Allah’s attributes and qualities


3. His eating Habits in Ramazaan

(a) Hasten breaking of fast

Sahal, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates that the Prophet Muhammad , said: "The people will remain prosperous so long as they hasten in breaking their fast (at the time of Iftaar)."Sahih al Bukhari 1957(Vol 3:178), Sahih Al Muslim 2417


(b) Eating a meal before dawn (The Suhoor)

Amr ibn Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates that the Prophet Muhammad , said: "The difference between our fasting and the fasting of the people of the Book (Jews and Christians) is the Suhoor (partaking of a last meal shortly before dawn)." Sahih Muslim 1096 He (saws) would eat dates for his pre-dawn meal (suhoor) and he would incite his Companions to take the Suhoor even if it was only a gulp of water. And he would delay the Suhoor until shortly before Fajr.


(c) Supplication before breaking his fast

Abdullah ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates that when the Prophet Muhammad , peace and blessings be upon him, broke fasts he would say: "The thirst has vanished, the veins have become moist (the blood in the veins has started to flow freely again) and the rewards are certain; if Allah wills." Sunan Abu Dawood 2350 or Abu Dawood, Vol 2:765; its isnaad was classed as hasan by al-Daaraqutni, 2/185


(d) Manners of breaking the fast

Breaking one's fast in the manner described in the hadith narrated by Anas, may Allah be pleased with him: “The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to break his fast with fresh dates before praying; if fresh dates were not available, he would eat (dried) dates; if dried dates were not available, he would have a few sips of water.” Sunan Abi Dawud 2356  and al-Tirmidhi, 3/79 and others. He said it is a ghareeb hasan hadeeth. Classed as saheeh in al-Irwa’, no. 922


4. His manners in Ramazaan

(a) Avoiding sin

Keeping away from sin, because the Prophet  said: “When any of you is fasting, let him not commit sin…” Sahih al-Bukhaari,1904


The Prophet  said: “Whoever does not stop speaking falsehood and acting in accordance with it, Allaah has no need of him giving up his food and drink.” Al-Bukhaari, 1903


The person who is fasting should avoid all kinds of forbidden actions, such as backbiting, obscenity and lies, otherwise his reward may all be lost. The Prophet  said: “It may be that a fasting person gets nothing from his fast except hunger.” Ibn Maajah, 1/539; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/453


Not allowing oneself to be provoked, because the Prophet ﷺ  said: “If someone fights him or insults him, he should say, ‘I am fasting, I am fasting.’” Sahih al-Bukhaari 1894 One reason for this is to remind himself, and another reason is to remind his adversary. But anyone who looks at the conduct of many of those who fast will see something quite different. It is essential to exercise self-control and be calm, but we see the opposite among crazy drivers who speed up when they hear the adhaan for Maghrib.


(b) Generosity

Al-Bukhaari and Muslim reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah  was the most generous of people [in doing good], and he was most generous of all in Ramadaan when Jibreel met with him, and he used to meet him every night in Ramadaan and teach him the Qur’aan. The Messenger of Allaah was more generous in doing good than a blowing wind.” Sahih al-Bukhaari,  6


Ibn Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates that when the month of Ramazaan approached, the Prophet Muhammad , peace and blessings be upon him, used to set free every prisoner and give alms to every beggar.' Shu'bul Imaan vol.1 pg.311; Hadith 3629


Combining fasting with feeding the poor is one of the means of reaching Paradise, as the Prophet  said: “In Paradise there are rooms whose outside can be seen from the inside and the inside can be seen from the outside. Allah has prepared them for those who feed the poor, who are gentle in speech, who fast regularly and who pray at night when people are asleep.” Ahmad 5/343; Ibn Khuzaymah, no. 2137. Al-Albaani said in his footnote, its isnaad is hasan because of other corroborating reports


The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever gives food to a fasting person with which to break his fast, will have a reward equal to his, without it detracting in the slightest from the reward of the fasting person.” al-Tirmidhi, 3/171; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/451


See also

The Simple Life of Muhammad ; Prophet Muhammad As The Best Role Model; Prophet as Mercy for all; Prophet Muhammad And His Letters ; Prophet Muhammad's Sincerity; Prophet Muhammad Attributes and Manners;



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