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PROPHET YAQUB


Yaqoob (Peace be upon Him) was one of the great prophets of Allah (Glory be to Him). He spent the every moment of his life for the obeying of Allah (Glory be to Him). He is also known as Israel. As Allah (Glory be to Him) says: “And We bestowed upon him Isaaq and Yaqub as an additional gift, making each of them righteous.”  Quran.Surah Anbiya 21: 72.

 

Table of Contents

 

His Birth

The Prophet Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) was the son of Prophet Ishaq (Peace be upon Him) and his wife Rebecca. He was born at Palestine. Ishaq (Peace be upon Him) married Rebekah Bint Bethuel, Ibn Nahor, (peace be upon her) and she gave birth to a set of twins, Al Eis and Yaqub (Peace be upon Him).

 

Description

The twin brother of Yaqub (Peace be upon Him), Al Eis disliked the fact that Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) was favored by his father and by Allah (Glory be to Him) with prophethood. This ill feeling became so serious that Al Eis threatened to kill his brother. When their mother knew that Al Eis threatened his brother Yaqub (peace be upon Him), she commanded her son Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) to go to her brother Laban in the land of Haran and abide with him for a time until his brother's anger had abated, and to marry one of the Laban's daughters. She told her husband Ishaq (peace be upon Him) to command him with that advice and pray for him, and he did. Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) left his family, when night came he found a place to rest. He dreamed of a ladder from heaven to earth. Angels were ascending and descending and the Lord addressed him and said to him; "I will bless you and your offspring and make this land for you and for those who come after you."

 

His wives

Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) came to his maternal uncle in the land of Haran, his uncle had two daughters. The elder one was called Lia and the younger one was Rahil. Yaqub (peace be upon Him) married both his daughters. It was acceptable in their time, as described in the Torah, for a man to marry two sisters. Laban gave a female slave to each daughter. Both of the sisters gave their slaves to her husband. Thus Prophet Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) had four wives.

 

His sons

Yaqub’s (peace be upon Him) sons were twelve men. From Lia there were Robil, Shamun, Lawi, Yahudh, Isakher, and Zablun. From Rahil's slave there were Dan and Neftali, and from Lia's slave there were Gad and Asher. The Prophet Yusuf (Peace be upon Him) and Benjamin were from Rachel. The Prophet Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) had great affection for them. As the offsprings of his other wives were jealous of Prophet Yusuf (Peace be upon Him) they hatched out a plan to separate Yusuf (peace be upon Him) from his father. They took him out on a lame excuse of tending sheep and threw him into a waterless well. They came back home shedding crocodile tears and said: "A wolf has devoured Yusuf (peace be upon Him) ." Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) suspected foul play on the part of his sons. He bore with patience the mental torture to which he was subjected in his old age. He wept bitterly day and night and lost his eyesight. After a long time he came to know that Prophet Yusuf (peace be upon Him) was alive. He was the custodian of storehouse in Egypt. The Prophet Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) along with the whole family proceeded towards Egypt on the invitation of his son. They were awarded a warm reception. They get settled in Egypt.

 

His Death

He died at the age of 140 years. When the Prophet Yaqub (Peace be upon Him) was on the point of death, he called his sons and held conversation with them. It is mentioned in the following Ayah of the Qur’an : “The same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Yaqub (saying): O' my sons! Allah has chosen for you the true religion, therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto Him) or were you present when death came to Ya'qub when he said to his sons: What will you worship after me? They said: We shall worship your Ilah (God), Ilah of your fathers, Ibrahim and Ishaq, One Ilah and unto Him we have surrendered."  Qur’an.Surah Baqara 2:132-133. He was buried in Hebron (al-Khalil) according to his will.

 

References

Tafseer Ibn Kathir

Stories of the Prophets by Ibn Kathir

 

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