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PROPHET NUH


Allah (Glory be to Him) in His Mercy sent His messenger Nuh (Peace be upon Him) to guide his people. Nuh (Peace be upon Him) was an excellent speaker and a very patient man.

 

Table of Contents

 

His Birth

He was Nuh (Peace be upon Him) Ibn Lamik, Ibn Mitoshilkh, Ibn Enoch, Ibn yard, Ibn Mahlabeel, Ibn Qinan, Ibn Anoush, Ibn Seth, Ibn Adam - the Father of Mankind (Peace be upon Him).

 

Ibn Abbas (R) narrated that The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honor Him and grant Him peace) said: "The period between Adam (Peace be upon Him) and Nuh (Peace be upon Him) was ten centuries." Tafsir Ibn Kahtir.

 

His People

For many generations Nuh (Peace be upon Him)'s people had been worshipping statues that they called gods. They believed that these gods would bring them good, protect them from evil and provide all their needs. They gave their idols names such as Waddan, Suwa'an, Yaghutha, Ya'auga, and Nasran, (These idols represented, respectively, manly power; mutability, beauty; brute strength, swiftness, sharp sight, insight) according to the power they thought these gods possessed. Allah (Glory be to Him) revealed: "They (idolaters) have said: "You shall not leave your gods nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth, nor Ya uq nor Nasr (names of the idols)." Qur’an.Surah Nooh 71:23

 

Every idol from those earlier mentioned was worshipped by a certain group of people. It was mentioned that people made picture sand as the ages passed they made these pictures into statues, so that their forms could be fully recognized; afterwards they were worshipped instead of Allah (Glory be to Him).

 

His Message

Nuh (Peace be upon Him) appealed to them: "O my people! I ask of you no wealth for it, my reward is from none but Allah. I am not going to drive away those who have believed. Surely, they are going to meet their Lord, but I see that you are a people that are ignorant. O my people! Who will help me against Allah, if I drove them away? Will you not then give a thought? And I do not say to you that with me are the Treasures of Allah nor that I know the unseen, nor do I say I am an angel, and I do not say of those whom your eyes look down upon that Allah will not bestow any good on them. Allah knows what is in their inner selves (regards to Belief). In that case, I should, indeed be one of the Zalimeen (wrongdoers, oppressors etc)." Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:29-31

 

Nuh (peace be upon Him)'s people were divided into two groups after his warning. His words touched the hearts of the weak, the poor, and the miserable and soothed their wounds with its mercy. As for the rich, the strong, the mighty and the rulers they looked upon the warning with cold distrust. First the disbeliever’s accused Nuh(Peace be upon Him) of being only human like themselves. “The chiefs of the disbelievers among his people said: ‘We see you but a man like ourselves.'”Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:27.

Nuh (Peace be upon Him) refuted the arguments of the disbelievers with the noble knowledge of the prophets. It is the logic of intellect that rids itself of personal pride and interests.  The rulers were tired of Nuh (Peace be upon Him)'s arguments. Allah (Glory be to Him) the Exalted related their attitude:  “They said: "O Nuh! You have disputed with us and much have you prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful." He said: "Only Allah will bring it (the punishment) on you, if He will, and then you will escape not. And my advice will not profit you, even if I wish to give you counsel, if Allah's Will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord! And to Him you shall return.” Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:32-34.

 

Nuh (Peace be upon Him) continued to call his people to believe in Allah for nine hundred fifty years. Allah (Glory be to Him) said: “Indeed We sent Nuh to his people and he stayed among them a thousand years less fifty years (inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism) and discard the false gods and other deities).” Qur’an.Surah Ankaboot 29:14

 

Allah’s (Glory be to Him) Punishment for disbelievers

There came a day when Allah (Glory be to Him) revealed to Nuh (Peace be upon Him) that no others would believe. Allah (Glory be to Him) inspired him not to grieve for them at which point Nuh (Peace be upon Him) prayed that the disbeliveers be destroyed. He said:

"My Lord! Leave not one of the disbeliveers on the earth. If you leave them, they will mislead Your slaves and they will beget none but wicked disbeliveers.” Qur’an.Surah Nooh 71:27

 

 Allah (Glory be to Him) accepted Nuh(Peace be upon Him)'s prayer. The case was closed, and He passed His judgment on the disbeliveers in the form of a flood.

 

Nuh’s Ark

Allah (Glory be to Him) the Exalted ordered His worshipper Nuh (Peace be upon Him) to build an ark with His knowledge and instructions and with the help of angels. Allah (Glory be to Him)  commanded: "And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned." Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:37

 

Allah (Glory be to Him) narrated: "As he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mockery of him. He said : "If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking. And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment.” Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:38-39

 

The Flood begins

The terrible day of the flood arrived. Allah (Glory be to Him)  narrated: “So it was till then there came Our Command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: ‘Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except him against whom the Word has already gone forth, and those who believe.’ And none believed him except a few.” Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:40.

 

Water rose from the cracks in the earth; there was not a crack from which water did not rise. Rain poured from the sky in quantities never seen before on earth. Water continued pouring from the sky rising from the cracks; hour after hour the level rose. The seas and waves invaded the land. The interior of the earth moved in a strange way, and the ocean floors lifted suddenly, flooding the dry land. The earth, for the first time was submerged. Thus, all the disbeliever’s left behind and his son was one of them. Allah (Glory be to Him) mentions in Qur’an: “So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Nuh (Peace be upon Him) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), "O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbeliveers." The son replied, "I will betake myself to a mountain, it will save me from the water." Nuh (peace be upon Him) said: "This day there is no savior from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy." And a wave came in between them so he (the son) was among the drowned.” Qur’an.Surah Hud 11: 41-43.

 

The Flood Ends

It was said: "O Earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain)." The water was diminished (made to subside) and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (the destruction of the people of Nuh. And it (the ship) rested on Mount Judi, and it was said: "Away with the people who are Zalimeen (polytheists, and wrongdoing)!" Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:44. And it was said: "O Nuh! Come down (from the ship) with peace from Us and blessings on you and on the people o\who are with you(and on some of their offspring), but (there will be other) people to whom We shall grant their pleasures (for a time), but in the end a painful torment will reach them from Us." Qur’an.Surah Hud 11:48.

 

With the issue of the divine command, calm returned to earth, the water retreated, and the dry land shone once again in the rays of the sun. The flood had cleansed the earth of the disbelievers and polytheists.  Nuh (Peace be upon Him) released the birds, and the beats which scattered over the earth. After that the believers disembarked. Nuh (Peace be upon Him) put his forehead to the ground in prostration. The survivors kindled a fire and sat around it. Lighting a fire had been prohibited on board so as not to ignite the ship's wood and burn it up. None of them had eaten hot food during the entire period of the floor. Following the disembarkation there was a day of fasting in thanks to Allah (Glory be to Him).

 

His Death

Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al Aas (R) narrated that The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honor Him and grant Him peace) said: "When the death of the Messenger of Allah Nuh (Peace be upon Him) approached, he admonished his sons: 'Indeed I would give you far reaching advice, commanding you to do two things, and warning you against doing two things as well. I charge you to believe that there is no god but Allah (Glory be to Him) and that if the seven heavens and the seven earths were put on one side of a scale and the words "there is no god but Allah" were put on the other, the latter would outweigh the former. I warn you against associating partners with Allah and against pride." Stories of the prophets, Ibn-e-Kathir.

 

References

Stories of the Prophets by Ibn Kathir, a book of Darussalam Publications.

 

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