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PROPHET MUHAMMAD’S SIMPLE LIFE


If we compare the life of Muhammad before his mission as a Prophet and his life after he began his mission as a Prophet, we will conclude that it is beyond reason to think that Muhammad was a false Prophet, who claimed Prophethood to attain material gains, greatness, glory, or power.

 

Before his mission as a Prophet, Muhammad had no financial worries. As a successful and reputed merchant, Muhammad drew a satisfactory and comfortable income. After his mission as a Prophet and because of it, he became worse off materially. To clarify this more, let us browse the following sayings on his lifediscussed below.

 

Table of Contents

 

Last days of life with few dates and water

Aa'isha (may Allah be pleased with her) , Muhammad's wife, said, "o my nephew, we would sight three new moons in two months without lighting a fire (to cook a meal) in the Prophet's  houses." her nephew asked, "o aunt, what sustained you?" she said, "the two black things, dates and water. And  the Prophet  had some Ansar neighbors (from the supporters) who had a "milk-giving" she-camel and they used to send the Prophet some of its milk." Sahih Al-Bukhari Sahih al-Bukhari 6459(Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 466) and Sahih Muslim  2972 

 

Bread made from fine flour

Sahl Ibn Sa'ad, one of Muhammad's companions, said, "the Prophet did not see bread made from fine flour from the time Allah sent him (as a Prophet) until he died." Sahih Al-Bukhari, 6450(Vol.8: 457), and Al-Tirmizi, Vol.4:2363

 

His mattress

Aa'isha said, "the mattress of the Prophet , on which he slept, was made of leather stuffed with the fiber of the date-palm tree."  Saheeh Al-Bukhari, 6456 and Saheeh Muslim, 2082

 

His left over things

Amr Ibn Al-Hareth, one of Muhammad's companions, said that when the Prophet died, he left neither money nor anything else except his white riding mule, his arms, and a piece of land which he left to charity. Saheeh Al-Bukhari, 2739, and Musnad Ahmad, 17990

 

Muhammad lived this hard life till he died although the Muslim treasury was at his disposal, the greater part of the Arabian Peninsula was Muslim before he died, and the Muslims were victorious after eighteen years of his Mission.

 

Is it possible that Muhammad might have claimed Prophethood in order to attain status, greatness, and power? the desire to enjoy status and power is usually associated with good food, fancy clothing, monumental palaces, colorful guards, and indisputable authority. Do any of these indicators apply to Muhammad? a few glimpses of his life that may help answer this question.

 

House hold work

Despite his responsibilities as a Prophet, a teacher, a statesman, and a judge, Muhammad used to milk his goat, Musnad Ahmad, 25662mend his clothes, repair his shoes, Saheeh Al-Bukhari, 676, and Musnad Ahmad, 25517help with the household work, and visit the poor and the sick people. Muwatta’ Malek, 531He also helped his companions in digging a trench by moving sand with them. Saheeh Al-Bukhari, 3034, and Saheeh Muslim, 1803, and Musnad Ahmad, 18017 His life was an amazing model of simplicity and humbleness.

 

Muhammad's followers loved him, respected him, and trusted him to an amazing extent. Yet he continued to emphasize that deification should be directed to Allah and not to him personally. Anas, one of Muhammad's companions, said that there was no person whom they loved more than the Prophet Muhammad , yet he did not allow them to stand up for him as other people do with great personalities. Mosnad Ahmad, 12117, and Al-Tirmizi, 2754

 

Polytheist offers of worldly comforts

Long before there wasn't any prospect of success for Islam (in the eyes of the polytheists)  and at the outset of a long and painful era of torture, suffering, and persecution of Muhammad and his followers, he received an interesting offer. An envoy of the pagan leaders, Utba, came to him saying, "...if you want money, we will collect enough money for you so that you will be the richest one of us. if you want leadership, we will take you as our leader and never decide on any matter without your approval. if you want a kingdom, we will crown you king over us..."

 

Only one concession was required from Muhammad in return for that, to give up calling people to Islam and worshipping Allah alone without any partner. Wouldn't this offer be tempting to one pursuing worldly benefit? Was Muhammad hesitant when the offer was made? did he turn it down as a bargaining strategy leaving the door open for a better offer? the following was his answer: {In the name of God, the most gracious, the most merciful} and he recited to Utba the ayath of the Quran Surah 41:1-38. the following are some of these aayaat:

"A revelation from (Allah), the most gracious, the most merciful; a book whereof the aayaat are explained in detail; a Quran in Arabic, for people who know, giving good news and warning, yet most of them turn away, so they do not listen… Say, O [Muhammad], "I am only a man like you to whom it has been revealed that your god is but one God; so take a straight course to Him and seek His forgiveness." And woe to those who associate others with Allah -" Quran Surah Fusilath 41:2-6   Al-Serah Al-Nabaweyyah, Ibn Hesham, vol. 1, pp. 265-266.

 

His uncle’s plea

On another occasion and in response to his uncle's plea to stop calling people to Islam, Muhammad's answer was as decisive and sincere that he can’t leave calling people to Islam. Al-Serah Al-Nabaweyyah, Ibn Hesham, vol. 1, pp. 265-266.

 

Attempts to kill him

Muhammad and his few followers did not only suffer from persecution for thirteen years but the unbelievers even tried to kill Muhammad  several times(17 occasions). On one occasion they attempted to kill him by dropping a large boulder(rock), which could barely be lifted, on his head. Another time they tried to kill him by poisoning his food.  Al-Daremey, 68, and Abu-Dawood, 4510

 

Conclusion

What could justify such a life of suffering and sacrifice even after he was fully triumphant over his adversaries? What could explain the humbleness and nobility which he demonstrated in his most glorious moments when he insisted that success is due only to Allah's help and not to his own genius?  Are these the characteristics of a power-hungry or a self-centered man? A man with simple life by submitting his will to Allah.

 

References

http://rasoulallah.net/index.php/en/articles/article/3263

http://www.islam-guide.com/ch1-6.htm

 

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