PROPHET MUHAMMAD’S ﷺ- HIS BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD
An introduction to the birth and childhood of Messenger of Allah i.e., Muhammad Bin Abdullah, who was sent 1400 years ago to call all mankind to follow the true path, no matter where or when; no matter if white or black, his message is for all whether Muslim or Non-Muslim, Male or Female. Allah said in Qur’an: Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, Surah Fatah 48:39. Prophet Muhammad ﷺwas born in Makkah on Monday, 571 CE – The year of the elephant. Prophet's ﷺlineage up to his fifth ancestor is Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib Ibn Hashim Ibn Abd Manaf Ibn Qusai Ibn Kilab.
The year is 570 CE, five years after the death of the Roman Emperor Justinian. An army of men, horses and elephants ruthlessly march towards the city of Makkah, intending to wipe it out of existence. This is the army of the Abysinnian warlord Abraha, who after conquering Yemen is now advancing towards the sacred city of Makkah. One of the notables of Makkah, Abdul-Muttalib, has ordered all the women and children to go up into the mountains and take refuge there whilst the men go and fight. However, the men of Makkah are of no match to the deadly Abysinnian lancers who soon crush their resistance on the borders of the city.
Victory seems imminent for Abraha. Yet when the army advances to the fringes of the city, headed by its lead elephant, the creature stops unexpectedly and refuses to go any further towards the direction of Makkah. No amount of budging will make this beast go towards the direction of conquest, yet when the army turn it around, it is more than willing to go back. Suddenly from the distant horizon, a huge flock of birds is seen, Ababeel as mentioned in Qur’an Surah 104. Ominously it makes its way to the scene of the battle. In their beaks and claws the birds carry with them stones. Like lightning do they descend upon the confused army of Abraha and pelt them viciously with the stones. The stones start to cut and tear away at the bodies of these aggressors and reduce them to helpless wretches. The army of the tyrant are sent back in humiliation. It is no less than a miracle which has saved this sacred city.
This event was to be remembered by the Arabs as the year of the elephant(A’am ul Feel) and was to hold great significance in the balance of power in Arabia. But it was the event which occurred fifty days later in the same year which was not only to be remembered, but would also change the course of history forever. It was Monday on the 12th day of the month of Rabi' al-Awwal, that in the house of Abdul-Muttalib a child was born. It was the child of Amina, the wife of Abdullah, the son of Abdul-Muttalib. This was the child who would change the way of life of all those around him. This was the child who would unite all people under one way. This was the child who would bring the great empires of the world to a standstill.
This child was Muhammad, the last and final messenger of Allah to mankind.
Muhammad's father (Abdullah Ibn Abd Al-Muttalib) died before his wife (Aminah bint Wahab) delivered her baby (Muhammad ﷺ)
While the prophet ﷺwas still an infant in his mother womb her mother Aminah bint Wahab said that she felt as if she was a different person because she had no consideration for materialism of the humans. Thus did Aminah continue to see dreams. And more than once did the dreams give her glad tidings, strengthen her, encourage her to be patient, console her and elevate her stand and that of the pregnancy she was carrying. The delivery day was a great day. It was on the twelfth day of Rabee'ul-awwal at dawn, Monday. This very time has its meaning and significance. It has its dimensions in the horizons of time. It was the dawn that removed the darkness from mankind, the accumulated darkness that had made mankind deviated from the straight path and the darkness of humans' injustice against their fellow humans.
The name Muhammad was given to the child by his grandfather Abdul-Muttalib. The name was one which was known amongst the Arabs at that time but was not common. The literal meaning of Muhammad is 'the praised one', and it is reported that upon being asked why Abdul-Muttalib had named his grandson so, he replied:
It seems as if the desire of Abdul-Muttalib came true, for it was the name of Muhammad, upon whom be peace, which was to be uttered and praised more times than that of any person in history. In fact it is not only men who praise this remarkable man, but also the Creator of the Heavens and the earth, Allah, and the inhabitants of the heavens, the angels:
"Allah and His angels bless the Prophet. O you who believe! Bless him and salute him with a worthy salutation." Qur'an Surah Ahzab 33:56
The grandson of Abdul-Muttalib was destined to become the greatest man ever to live.
He was nursed by Haleemah As-Sadiyya who breast-fed him and witnessed some of his blessings and miracles at the time he lived under her care in the dwellings of Bani Sa'd.
Muhammad's early life was wrought with unhappiness as he never saw his father Abdullah who died before he was born. At the age of six his mother, Aminah passed away and he was entrusted into the care of his beloved grandfather Abdul-Muttalib. However, at the age of eight, Abdul-Muttalib also passed away and Abu Talib, the uncle of Muhammad, ﷺ, took charge of him. With such distress and heartache so early on in life, one would imagine that this boy would grow up to be rebellious and troublesome, as is the case in so many of our societies today. But this was obviously not to be.
Muhammad ﷺreturned to live with his mother in Makkah when he was about three years old. Three years later Aminah decided to take her son to visit his uncles in Yathrib. She told her maid, Barakah, to prepare everything they would need for the long journey, and then they joined one of the caravans going there. They stayed in Yathrib a month and Muhammad ﷺenjoyed the visit with his cousins. The climate there was very pleasant.
On their way back to Makkah, however, Aminah became ill and died. She was buried in the village at al-Abwa not far from Yathrib. Muhammad ﷺreturned sadly to Makkah with his mother's maid He was now six years old and had lost both his father and mother. He was then adopted by his grandfather, 'Abd al-Muttalib, who loved him dearly and kept him by his side at all times. It was the custom of 'Abd al-Muttalib to sit on a blanket near the Ka'bah. There he was always surrounded by people who had come to speak to him. No one was allowed to sit on the blanket with him, however, except his grandson Muhammad ﷺ, which shows how close they were to each other. Many times 'Abd al-Muttalib was heard to say: 'This boy will be very important one day.'
Realizing that what he had just seen was a miracle, he began to think that his wish might, after all, come true.
The monk sent an invitation to the Makkans to come and eat with him. The Arabs were surprised because they often passed by and Buhira' had never invited them before. When the group was all together for the meal, the monk said, 'Is this everyone?' 'No', someone said, 'a boy was left watching the camels.' Buhira' insisted that the boy should join them. The boy was Muhammad ﷺ. When he arrived Buhira' said nothing, but watched him all through the meal. He noticed many things about his appearance which fitted the description in the old manuscripts. Later on he took him aside and asked Muhammad ﷺmany questions. He soon found out how he felt about the idols in the Ka'bah. When Buhira tried to make him swear by them, as the Arabs used to do, Muhammad ﷺsaid, 'There is nothing in this world that I hate more'. They talked together about Allah and about Mohammed's life and family. What was said made Buhira certain that this was indeed the Prophet who would come after Jesus.
Then the monk went to Abu Talib and asked him how he was related to Muhammad ﷺ. Abu Talib told him that Muhammad ﷺwas his son. Buhira replied that this could not be so because the boy was destined to grow up an orphan, and he ordered Abu Talib to watch over Muhammad ﷺwith great care. There are many stories told about Mohammed's youth. Some tell of how he used to take the family's sheep to graze and was always kind to them. While they grazed he would sit thinking about the mysteries of nature. Unlike those around him, he never worshipped the idols and never swore by them.
He also wondered why people were always struggling for power and money, and this saddened him and made him feel lonely, but he kept his feelings to himself. He was a quiet, thoughtful boy, and rarely played with other boys of his age. On one occasion, however, Muhammad ﷺwent with some of the boys to a wedding in Makkah.
When he reached the house he heard the sounds of music and dancing but just as he was about to enter he suddenly felt tired and, sitting down, fell asleep. He didn't wake up until late the next morning and thus missed the celebrations. In this way Allah prevented him from doing anything foolish for He was keeping Muhammad ﷺfor something much more important.
Originally taken from SEALED NECTAR BY safi-ur-rahman al-mubarakpuri