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OMEN IN ISLAM


An Omen is a belief because of which something happens good or bad because of it. There is no concept of Omen in Islam.

 

Table of Contents

 

Introduction

Pre-Islamic Arabs used to consider the direction in which birds and animals moved to be a sign of impending good or bad fortune and would plan their lives around around such signs. The practice of good and bad omens in bird and animal movements was refered to as “Tiyaarah” from the verb “Taara” which means “to take flight.” For example, if an individual set out on a journey and a bird flew over him and turned to the left, he would see in it a sign of impending bad fortune turn around and return home.  Dr. Bilal Philips - The fundamentals of Tawheed, p: 63, 64.

 

Islamic Ruling

Islam invalidated these practices as they corrode the foundation of Tawheed al- ibaadah, by directing the form of worship known as Trust (Tawakkul) to other than Allah; and tawheed Al Asma was sifath, by attributing to man the power to predict the coming of good and evil, and the ability to avoid Allah’s destiny.  Dr. Bilal Philips - The fundamentals of Tawheed, p: 63, 64.

 

Qur’anic Ayath

“No afflictions strikes in the earth nor befalls you except According to what was written prior.”  Qur’an.Surah Hadid 57:22

 

Ahaadeeth

Al-Tabaraani (May Allah have mercy on Him) narrated in al-Kabeer from ‘Imraan ibn Husayn that the Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “He is not one of us who practices augury [seeking omens in birds] or has that done for him, or who practices divination or has that done for him, or who practices witchcraft or has that done for him.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani inSaheeh al-Jaami’, no. 5435.

 

Muaawiyah ibn Al Hakam told the Prophet (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) “There are some among us who follow birds omens” The Prophet (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) replied “It is something you made up by yourselves, so do not let it stop you”Sahih Al Muslim 5532.

 

Clarification

There is however a statement attributed to the Prophet (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) in Sahih Al Bukhari “bad omens are in three things: women, horses and houses.” Ayesha rejected this narration saying, by the one who revealed the Furqan to Abul Qasim, whoever relates it has lied. Allah’s Messenger (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said that the people of ignorance used to say, ‘Surely there are tiyarah (bad omens) in women, houses and beasts of burden.’ Then she recited the following verse “No afflictions strikes in the earth nor befalls you except According to what was written prior in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz).”  Qur’an.Surah Hadeed 57:22, Ahmed, Hakim in his Mustadrak Al hakim and Ibn Khuzaima

 

The hadeeth, however, is sound, but it should be interpreted according to another of its narrations which is more specific; “If there were to be bad omens, they would have been in horses, women and places of residence.” Sunan Abu Dawood vol 3: 3921

 

Therefore the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honor Him and grant Him peace) was not confirming the existence of bad omens.Dr. Bilal Philips - The fundamentals of Tawheed, p: 65,66.

 

Muhammad ibn Raashid from someone who heard him say: “The people of the Jaahiliyyah used to regard the month of Safar as inauspicious, and said that it was an unlucky month. The Prophet refuted that.” Sunan Abu Dawud 3914.

 

 ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood(R) said: The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honor Him and grant Him peace)said: “Tiyarah (belief in evil omens) is shirk.” Ahmad 4194, Abu Dawood 3910, Tirmidhi 1614 and Ibn Maajah 3538, Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood. 

 

Types of Omens

Below are some famous omen in different societies and cultures but in Islam these omen has no basis.

  • Too much Blinking of eye
  • Spilling salt
  • Breaking of Mirror
  • Black cat
  • Number 13
  • Boiling of milk
  • Bad month or bad day
  • Knock on wood etc

 

References

Book by Dr. Bilal Philips on The fundamentals of Tawheed

 

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