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MUZDALIFAH


Muzdalifah is an open valley  between meena and Mount Arafah, Saudi Arabia in which pilgrims on Hajj spend the night in the open. It is here they gather pebbles to hurl at the pillars of Mina.

 

On the 9th day of the of DhulHijjah or Zilhijjah, After the sunset without offering Maghrib Namaz, Pilgrims leave for Muzdalifah while reciting Talbiyya with peace and dignity. (Sahih Al Muslim) After reaching Muzdalifah, offer Maghrib & Isha salah together with one Azaan and two Iqamat, by doing three rakaat of magrib, and two Rakaat of Isha. Spend the night sleeping in Muzdalifah and on 10 Zillhijjah offer Fajr salah at the earliest. [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Going to Muzdalifah

When the sun sets, the pilgrim should go to Muzdalifah. When he reaches there, he should pray Maghrib and ‘Isha’ with one adhaan and two iqaamahs. If he fears that he will not reach Muzdalifah before midnight, he should pray on the way, because it is not permissible to delay ‘Isha’ prayer until after midnight. 

 

He should stay overnight in Muzdalifah, then when dawn comes he should pray Fajr early, with the adhaan and iqaamah, and then head for al-Mash’ar al-Haraam (which is the site of the mosque in Muzdalifah) and proclaim the oneness and greatness of Allah (Glory be to Him) (by saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah and Allaahu akbar), and making du’aa’ as he likes, until it has become very light (i.e., when the light of day appears before the sun has actually risen). If it is not easy for him to go to al-Mash’ar al-Haraam, he should make du’aa’ where he is, because the Prophet Muhammad(May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) stood there and all of Muzdalifah is the place of standing. When he is reciting dhikr and making du’aa’ he should face the Qiblah and raise his hands. [2]

 

Fajr Prayer In Muzdalifah

And all of the pilgrims pray Fajr prayer in Muzdalifah (a place between 'Arafah and Minaa) except the weak and the women - it being permissible for them to leave after half of the night has passed for fear of the crush of people.

 

Then he comes to the Mash'ar al-Haraam (a small mountain in Muzdalifah) and climbs upon it and faces the Qiblah - then recites tahweed, takbeer, tahleel - and declares Allah's Unity and makes du'aa until the sky becomes very bright.

 

And all Muzdalifah is a place of standing - so wherever he stands then it is permissible. Then he leaves for Minaa before the sun rises, calmly while reciting talbiyyah. So when he comes to the river valley of Mu-Hassir he hurries if possible - and it is a part of Minaa. Then he takes the middle road which takes him to the Jamrat ul Aqabah.

 

Things Do in Muzdalifah

Since many pilgrims are ignorant of the rituals of Hajj in Muzdalifah and thus many mistakes are made in this ritual, we would like to alert people to that in the following points:

  1. Spending the night of the Day of Nahr (the 10th day of Thul-Hijjah) in Muzdalifah is one of the Hajj obligations.
     
  2. Pilgrims should move from ‘Arafah to Muzdalifah after sunset of the 9th day. They should move quietly and with tranquility, and when the road is wide, they should move somewhat quickly provided that they do not harm anyone. This is the Sunnah (tradition) of the Prophet,
     
  3. The pilgrim performs the Maghrib (sunset) and the ‘Ishaa’ (night) prayers combined in Muzdalifah. Only the ‘Ishaa’ prayer is shortened to two Rak‘ahs (units), instead of four. The Maghrib prayer should not be shortened.
     
  4. If the pilgrim reaches Muzdalifah before the ‘Ishaa’ prayer, he performs the Maghrib prayer at its due time and then waits for the time of the ‘Ishaa’ prayer and then performs it. [This is the opinion of Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (May Allah have mercy on Him)]
     
  5. If the pilgrim needs to perform the two prayers combined due to fatigue, lack of water, or other reasons, he is allowedto do so even before the time of the ‘Ishaa’ prayer.
     
  6. If the pilgrim fears that he will not arrive at Muzdalifah except after midnight, he should perform the prayer even before arriving there. He is not allowed to delay the prayer until after midnight.
     
  7. It is not a part of the Sunnah to spend the night at Muzdalifah in prayer or any other act of worship, because the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace), did not do so. Rather, he should sleep early in order to get up active to perform the deeds of the Day of Nahr.
     
  8. When the time of the Fajr (dawn) prayer is due, the pilgrim should perform the Fajr prayer early with one Adhaan (call for prayer) and Iqaamah (second call for prayer). Then he should move to Al-Mash‘ar Al-Haraam, where he should repeat “Laa Ilaaha Illaa Allaah” and “Allaahu Akbar” and supplicate Allah (Glory be to Him) as he likes until it is almost sunrise. If he is unable to go to Al-Mash‘ar Al-Haraam, he is allowed to supplicate wherever he is. The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace), said: “I stood here and all of Jam‘ (Muzdalifah) is a place of standing.”[Sahih Al Muslim]One should face the Qiblah (direction of prayer) and raise his hand upon supplication.
     
  9. When the light of dawn appears, the pilgrim should move before sunrise to Mina.
     
  10. It is permissible for weak men and women to leave Muzdalifah during the night; before dawn. Otherwise, one should wait there until he performs the Fajr prayer as the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace), did. [3]

 

Collecting 70 Pebbles

Because of over-crowding, the pilgrims sometimes do not arrive there until late at night. At Muzdalifah they collect pebbles (the number 70 is chosen because there are three pillars that represent the devil and you throw seven at the large one on day one, and seven at all three on the next three days) which will be thrown in the Stoning of the Devil ritual in Mina during the next three days. The pilgrims spend the night at Muzdalifah, often sleeping in the open air, before leaving for Mina the next morning. It is also where Prophet Ibrahim and his son Isma'il (May Allah have Mercy on Him) threw stones at the devil. Muzdalifah is preceded by a day at Arafah, glorifying Allah (Glory be to Him), repeating the Supplication, repenting to Allah (Glory be to Him) and asking Him for Forgiveness. [4]

 

Supplication to be recited at the sacred area of Muzdalifah

The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) rode his camel, Al-Qaswa', until he reached the sacred area (Al-Mash'aril-Haraam). Then he faced the Qiblah and invoked Allah, and repeatedly said the words: Allaahu 'Akbar (Allah is the Most Great), Allaahu 'Ahad (Allah is One) and Laa 'ilaaha 'illallaah (There is none worthy of worship but Allah). He remained stationary until the sky became yellow with the dawn, and then pressed on before sunrise. Sahih Al Muslim Vol 2:891

 

Scholars view

Ibn Qudaamah (May Allah have mercy on him) said: 'Al-Muzdalifah has three names: Muzdalifah, Jam' and Al-Mash'ar Al-Haraam.'  Some other scholars are of the view that it refers to a mountain in Muzdalifah called Quzah.  Ataa (May Allah have mercy on him), interpreted {Al-Mash'ar Al-Haraam} to mean Quzah, the entire Muzdalifah.  The mountain of Quzah is a mountain which used to be in Muzdalifah, and it was removed and the mosque, which is in Muzdalifah now, was built in its place. The evidence is that the Prophet stood in Muzdalifah and said: "I stood here, and the entire Muzdalifah is a place to stand in". [Ahmad, Abu Daawood, An-Nasaa'ee,and Al-Albaani classified it as authentic] [4] [5]

 

Common Mistakes made in Muzdalifah

  1. Not staying within the boundaries of Muzdalifah.
     
  2. Not facing the Qiblah during the prayer.
     
  3. Collecting pebbles in Muzdalifah before the prayer. The correct thing to do is to perform the prayer first.
     
  4. Delaying the Maghrib and the ‘Ishaa’ prayers until after midnight.
     
  5. Treating the matter of leaving Muzdalifah before dawn even though there is no necessity lightly.
     
  6. Spending the night in prayer, remembrance of Allah, recitation of the Quran, and so on (as the Prophet, did not do so).
     
  7. Delaying the Fajr prayer after its due time. The Sunnah is to perform it at the beginning of its due time.
     
  8. Sleeping after the Fajr prayer. The correct thing to do is to busy oneself with remembering Allah (Glory be to Him) The Almighty and supplicating until dawn.

 

Errors Related to Muzdalifah

Some pilgrims start collecting pebbles to throw at the Stone Pillars in Mina as soon as they arrive in Muzdalifah prior to praying the Maghrib and 'lsha prayers. This is not correct. Nor is the practice that ails the pebbles must be collected at Muzdalifah.

 

The correct position is that the pebbles can be collected anywhere within the boundaries of al Haram (the territory or precincts of Makkah). Is known that the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) did not ask that the pebbles for Jamratul Aqabah be picked up for him from Muzdalifa. They were picked up for him, in the Morning, after leaving Muzdalifa and on entering Mina. The rest of the pebbles were picked up. for him, from Mina. Too. Some pilgrims wash the pebbles, but this is not recommended.

 

References

[1] http://www.hajinformation.com/main/j40.htm

[2] http://islamqa.info/en/ref/36883

[3] http://www.islamweb.net/ehajj/index.php?page=article&id=161855

[4] http://www.hajinformation.com/main/f21116.htm

[5] http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=91178

http://www.islamweb.net/emerath/index.php?page=articles&id=28869

http://www.islamweb.net/ehajj/index.php?page=article&id=161855

 

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