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THE MAJOR SINS– Save Yourself


The major sins are defined as what is forbidden by Allah سبحانه و تعالى in the Quran and by His last and final Messenger, Prophet Muhammad in the Sunnah, and which have been made clear by the actions of the first righteous generation of Muslims, the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad .

 

Table of Contents

 

Qur’an

Allah سبحانه و تعالى Most High says in His Glorious Book: If you avoid the major (part) of what you have been forbidden (to do), We will cancel out for you your (other) evil deeds and will admit you (to Paradise) with a noble entry.(Qur’an.Surah Nisa 4:31)

 

Thus by this ayath , Allah سبحانه و تعالىMost High has guaranteed the Garden of Paradise to those who avoid the major sins. And Allah سبحانه و تعالىMost High also says: Those who avoid the greatest of sins and indecencies, and forgive when they are angry (Qur’an.Surah Shura 42:37)

 

Those who avoid the greatest sins and indecencies, except for oversights, (will find that) surely your Lord is ample in forgiveness. (Qur’an.Surah Najm 53:32)

 

“Say: O ‘Ibaadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah سبحانه و تعالى, verily, Allah سبحانه و تعالىforgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft‑Forgiving, Most Merciful” Qur’an.Surah Zumar 39:53

 

This clearly indicates that Allah سبحانه و تعالىforgives all sins – even shirk – and it tells us of an immense bounty, which is that bad deeds are turned to good deeds. 

 

Hadith

Anas ibn Maalikرضي الله عنه said: I heard the Messenger of Allah Prophet Muhammad said: “Allah, the exalted, said: ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you and I would not mind.’” Classed as Sahih by Al Albaani in Saheeh Al Tirmidhi 3540

 

The Messenger of Allah Prophet Muhammad said: "The five [daily] prayers, Friday to Friday, and Ramadan to Ramadan make atonement for what has happened since the previous one when major sins have been avoided." It is therefore very important to determine exactly what the greatest vices, technically called "the major sins" (Kaba'ir), are, in order that Muslims should avoid them.

 

There is some difference of opinion among scholars in this regard. Some say these major sins are seven, and in support of their position they quote the tradition: "Avoid the seven noxious things"- and after having said this, the prophet  Muhammad mentioned them: "associating anything with Allah سبحانه و تعالى; magic; killing one whomAllah سبحانه و تعالىhas declared inviolate without a just case, consuming the property of an orphan, devouring usury, turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet." Sahih Muslim 161

 

'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas رضي الله عنهsaid: "Seventy is closer to their number than seven," and indeed that is correct. The above tradition does not limit the major sins to those mentioned in it. Rather, it points to the type of sins which fall into the category of "major." These include those crimes which call for a prescribed punishment (HADD; plural, HUDUD), such as theft, fornication or adultery (ZINA), and murder; those prohibited acts for which a warning of a severe punishment in the Next is given in the Qur'an or the tradition; and also those deeds which are cursed by our Prophet Muhammad . These are all major sins.

 

Abu Huraira رضي الله عنهreported: The Messenger of Allah Muhammad said: Five prayers and from one Friday prayer to (the next) Friday prayer is an expiation (of the sins committed in between their intervals) if major sins are not committed. Sahih Al Muslim 233a and 448

 

Scholars view

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah  said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 2/358

No sin is too great for Allah سبحانه و تعالىto forgive for the one who repents, rather He forgives shirk and other sins for those who repent, as Allah سبحانه و تعالىsays (interpretation of the meaning): “Say: O ‘Ibaadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allahسبحانه و تعالى, verily, Allah سبحانه و تعالى forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft‑Forgiving, Most Merciful” Qur’an.Surah  Zumar 39:53

 

Of course, there is a gradation among them, since some are more serious than others. We see that the Prophet Muhammad  has included SHIRK (associating someone or something with Allah) among them, and from the text of the Qur'an we know that a person who commits SHIRK will not his sin be forgiven and will remain in Hell forever.

 

Allah سبحانه و تعالىMost High says: Surely, Allah سبحانه و تعالىdoes not forgive associating anything with Him, and He forgives whatever is other than that to whomever He wills. Qur’an.Surah Nisa 4:48 and 4:116

 

Rule for major sins

Major sin has a clear definition

  • Any sin that carries a specific legal punishment (stealing, adultery, etc).
  • Any sin that has been accompanied by a stern warning.
  • Any sin that the Qur’an has explicitly stated to be haram (forbidden).


70 major sins

01. Associating anything with Allah

02. Murder

03. Practising magic

04. Not Praying

05. Not paying Zakat

06. Not fasting on a Day of Ramadan without excuse

07. Not performing Hajj, while being able to do so

08. Disrespect to parents

09. Abandoning relatives

10. Fornication and Adultery

11. Homosexuality(sodomy)

12. Interest(Riba)

13. Wrongfully consuming the property of an orphan

14. Lying about Allah and His Messenger

15. Running away from the battlefield

16. A leader's deceiving his people and being unjust to them

17. Pride and arrogance

18. Bearing false witness

19. Drinking Khamr (wine)

20. Gambling

21. Slandering chaste women

22. Stealing from the spoils of war

23. Stealing

24. Highway Robbery

25. Taking false oath

26. Oppression

27. Illegal gain

28. Consuming wealth acquired unlawfully

29. Committing suicide

30. Frequent lying

31. Judging unjustly

32. Giving and Accepting bribes

33. Woman's imitating man and man's imitating woman

34. Being cuckold

35. Marrying a divorced woman in order to make her lawful for the husband

36. Not protecting oneself from urine

37. Showing-off

38. Learning knowledge of the religion for the sake of this world and concealing that knowledge

39. Bertrayal of trust

40. Recounting favours

41. Denying Allah's Decree

42. Listening (to) people's private conversations

43. Carrying tales

44. Cursing

45. Breaking contracts

46. Believing in fortune-tellers and astrologers

47. A woman's bad conduct towards her husband

48. Making statues and pictures

49. Lamenting, wailing, tearing the clothing, and doing other things of this sort when an affliction befalls

50. Treating others unjustly

51. Overbearing conduct toward the wife, the servant, the weak, and animals

52. Offending one's neighbour

53. Offending and abusing Muslims

54. Offending people and having an arrogant attitude toward them

55. Trailing one's garment in pride

56. Men's wearing silk and gold

57. A slave's running away from his master

58. Slaughtering an animal which has been dedicated to anyone other than Allah

59. To knowingly ascribe one's paternity to a father other than one's own

60. Arguing and disputing violently

61. Witholding excess water

62. Giving short weight or measure

63. Feeling secure from Allah's Plan

64. Offending Allah's righteous friends

65. Not praying in congregation but praying alone without an excuse

66. Persistently missing Friday Prayers without any excuse

67. Unsurping the rights of the heir through bequests

68. Deceiving and plotting evil

69. Spying for the enemy of the Muslims

70. Cursing or insulting any of the Companiions of Allah's Messenger

 

Major sins with references

1. Associating partners with Allah سبحانه و تعالى(Shirk)

Great Shirk: Worshipping beings other than Allah (proof  Qur'an.surah 4:116, 31:13, 5:72 etc)

Small Shirk: Riya

The Prophet Muhammad , "Should I not inform you of that which I fear for you even more than the dangers of dajjaal? It is the hidden shirk: A person stands to pray and he beautifies his prayer because he sees the people looking at him". (Sahih from Sunan ibn Majah)

2. Committing murder: (Qur’an.Surah Nisa 4:93 and Furqan 68)

3. Performing Sorcery (Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2: 102)

4. Not performing the Prayers (Qur’an.Surah Maryam 19:59, 60 and Maun 107:4-5)

5. With holding the Zakah (Charity) (Qur’an.Surah Ali’ Imran 3: 180)

6. Breaking the fast of Ramadhan or not fasting in that month without a valid excuse.

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Islam is built upon five pillars: testifying that there is no true god except Allah سبحانه و تعالىand that Muhammadis the messenger of Allah سبحانه و تعالى, performing the prayers, paying the Zakah, making the pilgrimage to the house, and fasting the month of Ramadhan" (Sahih Al-Jami # 2837)

7. Not performing the pilgrimage when one has the ability to do so (above hadith)

8. Disobeying one's parents (Qur’an.Surah Isra 17:23)

9. Cutting off the ties of relationships (Qur’an.Surah Muhammad 47:22)

10. Committing adultery or fornication (Qur’an.Surah Isra 17:30)

11. Committing sodomy

The Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Allah سبحانه و تعالىwill not look at a person (with pleasure) who commits sodomy with a man or a woman" (Sahih Al-Jami # 7678)

12. Taking or paying interest (Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2:275)

13. Devouring the wealth of orphans (Qur’an.Surah Nisa 4:10)

14. Forging statements concerning Allah or forging Hadith (Qur’an.Surah Zumar 39:60)

15. Fleeing from the battle (Qur’an.Surah Anfal 8:16)

16. Wrongdoing, deception or oppression on the part of the ruler (Qur’an.Surah Shuara 26:42)

17. Being arrogant, boastful, vain (Qur’an.Surah Nahl 16:23)

18. Giving false testimony (Qur’an.Surah Furqan 25:72)

19. Drinking alcoholic beverages (Qur’an.Surah Maidah 5: 90)

20. Gambling (Qur’an.Surah Maidah 5: 90)

21. Slandering innocent women (Qur’an.Surah Nur 71: 23)

22. Misappropriating something from the booty (Qur’an.Surah Ali Imran 3:161)

23. Stealing (Qur’an.Surah Maidah 5:38)

24. Committing highway robbery (Qur’an.Surah Maidah 5: 33)

25. Making false oath

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "If someone is ordered to take an oath and he takes a false oath in order to take possession of property of a Muslim, then he will incur Allah's wreath when he meets Him" (Sahih Al Jami 6083)

26. Committing oppression (Qur’an.Surah Shuara 26: 277)

27. Levying illegal taxes

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Do you know who the bankrupt is? The bankrupt form my nation is the one who appears on the Day of Resurrection having performed the prayers, fasted and paid the zakah, but had also abused that person, slandered that person, wrongfully taken the wealth of that person and spilled the blood of that person. These people will take from his good deeds. If his good deeds are thereby exhausted, he will be given their sins and then he will be thrown into the hell-fire" (Sahih Al Jami #87)

28. Consuming forbidden wealth or taking it by any means (Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2: 188)

29. Committing suicide (Qur’an.Surah Nisa 4: 29)

30. Being a perpetual liar (Qur’an.Surah Imran 3: 61)

31. Ruling by laws other than the laws of Islam (Qur’an.Surah Maidah 5: 44)

32. Engaging in bribery (Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2: 188)

33. Women appearing like men and vice-versa

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Allah's curse is upon women who appear like men and upon men who appear like women" (Sahih Al Jami # 4976)

34. Being a dayyouth

Dayyouth: is the one who approves the indecency of his womenfolk and who is void of jealousy or the pimp who facilitates indecency between two people

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Allah سبحانه و تعالىhas forbidden the Paradise to three people: the alcoholic, the runaway slave, and the one who is complacent in the face of the evil deeds that his family is performing" (Sahih Al Jami # 3047)

35. Marrying for the purpose of making a woman allowable for another (Qur’an.Surah Baqarah)

36. Not keeping clean from the remains of urine

Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنه reported that Prophet Muhammadpassed by a grave and said, "These two are being punished and they are not being punished for something hard. But it is a great sin. One of them did not keep himself clean form his urine and the other went around spreading tales" (Sahih Al Jami # 2436)

37. Acting for show (Qur’an.Surah Maoon 107: 4-6)

38. Acquiring knowledge only for worldly gain or concealing knowledge (Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2:160)

39. Breaching trusts (Qur’an.Surah Anfal 8:27)

40. Reminding people of one's kindness (Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2: 27)

41. Denying predestination (Qur’an.Surah Qamar 54: 49)

"If Allah were to punish the inhabitants of the heavens and earths, then He would punish and He would not be doing injustice to them. If He were to have mercy on them, His mercy would be greater than from their actions. If a person had amount of gold equivalent to Mount Uhud or similar to Mount Uhud and spent it in the Path of Allah, (that spending) would not be accepted form him by Allah until he believes in the preordainment of good and evil. And until he knows that what afflicted him was not going to miss him and what missed him was not going to afflict him. If you were to die with any belief other than that, you would enter the Hellfire" (Kitab al-Sunnah by Ibn Abu Asi # 245. Albani says that its chain is Sahih)

42. Eavesdropping on other's private conversation (Qur’an.Surah Hujarat :12)

43. Spreading harmful tales (Qur’an.Surah Qamar 54:10)

44. Cursing others

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Abusing a Muslim is evil and fighting him is disbelief" (Sahih Al Jami # 3598)

45. Not fulfilling one's promises

Prophet Muhammadﷺ said, "Whoever has a four characteristic is a complete hypocrite. Whoever posses any of these characteristics has the characteristics of hypocrisy until he gives it up; whenever he makes a promise, he breaks it up…" (Sahih Al Bukhari)

46. Believing in what soothsayers & astrologers say

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Whoever goes to fortuneteller and asks him about something will not have his prayer accepted for forty nights" (Sahih Al Jami # 5816)

47. A wife being rebellious to her husband (Qur’an.Surah Nisa 4:34)

48. Putting pictures of beings with souls on clothing, curtains, rocks and any other items

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "…the people who will receive the greatest punishment on the day of judgment are those who compete with Allah سبحانه و تعالىin creation [those who make pictures or statues]" (Sahih Al Jami  1691)

49. Striking one's self, wailing, tearing one's clothing, pulling one's hair & similar deeds as a form of mourning

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "One who strikes his cheeks or tears his clothing and shouts in the manner of pre-Islamic culture is not one of us" (Sahih Al Jami # 5713)

50. Committing injustice (Qur’an.Surah Shura 42:42)

51. Being overbearing or taking advantage of the weak, slaves, wives or animals

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Allah سبحانه و تعالى will torture those who torture people in this world" (Sahih Muslim)

52. Harming neighbors

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "A person whose neighbor is not safe from his mischief will not enter paradise" (Sahih Al Jami # 7002)

53. Harming and abusing Muslims (Qur’an.Surah Ahzab 33:58)

54. Wearing one's clothes too long, i.e. below the ankles

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "What is below the ankles will be in the hellfire " (Sahih Al Bukhari)

55. Harming the slaves of Allah سبحانه و تعالى

Prophet Muhammad said that Allah سبحانه و تعالى  said, "Whoever shows enmity to a slave of Mine (Allah's) I shall be at war with him" (Sahih Al Jami # 1778)

56. Men wearing silk & gold

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Gold and silk have been permitted for the females of my nation and forbidden for its males" (Sahih Al Jami # 209)

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Men who wears silk in this world will have no portion [of heavens] in the hereafter" (Sahih Al Muslim)

57. Running away of a slave

58. Sacrificing animals for other than Allah سبحانه و تعالى

Prophet  Muhammadsaid, "The one who sacrifices for other than Allah سبحانه و تعالى  cursed by Allah سبحانه و تعالى(Sahih Al Jami # 4988)

59. Claiming that somebody is one's father while the claimant knows it is not true

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "One who claims that someone is his father and knows that it is not true will be forbidden of paradise" (Sahih Al Jami # 5865)

60. Arguing or quarreling for show & not seeking the truth

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Whoever argues in support of something that is wrong and he knows it Allah سبحانه و تعالىwill be angry with him until he stops" (Sahih Al Jami # 6073)

61. Not allowing excess water to flow to others

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Whoever doesn't allow the access water or pasture for others will not share in the blessings of Allah سبحانه و تعالى on the day of judgment" (Sahih Al Jami # 6436)

62. Not measuring the weights properly (Qur’an.Surah al-Mutaffifeen 83: 1-3)

63. Thinking that one is safe from Allah سبحانه و تعالى's planning (Qur’an.Surah Araf 7:99)

64. Eating carrion, blood or pork meat (Qur’an.Surah Anam 6:145)

65. Not praying in the congregation & praying by one's self without a valid excuse

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Whoever hears the call to prayer and doesn't come to prayer, there is no prayer for him say for the one who has valid excuse" (Sahih Al Jami # 6176)

66. Continually not performing the Friday prayers and congregational prayers without any valid excuse

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "If people don't stop abandoning the Friday Prayers Allah سبحانه و تعالى may seal their hearts and they will become headless" (Sahih Al Muslim)

67. Harming others by manipulation one's bequests (Qur’an.Surah Nisa 4:12)

68. Being deceitful or deceptive (Qur’an.Surah Fatir 35:43)

69. Spying on the Muslims & pointing out their secrets (Qur’an.Surah Qalam 68:11)

70. Abusing or reviling anyone of the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad 

Prophet Muhammadsaid, "Do not revile my companions for, by the one in whose hands is my soul, if you were to spend in charity a mountain of gold similar to mount Uhud it would not be equal to a handful or a half a handful (or what they have done)" (Sahih Al Jami # 7187)

 

References

Book of 70 major sins by Imam al Dhahabi,

http://www.kalamullah.com/Books/major_sins.pdf

 

 

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