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LOWER GARMENT OR IZAR


The Arabic word used for lower garment is IZAR. This is exclusively related to males, as it deals with a very common issue of an aspect of dressing among males. However, it does not mean that females may not read it sincerely. As for a woman, it is allowed for her to lower her garment in order to cover her feet.

 

Table of Contents

 

Quran

And whatever the Messenger has given you - take; and what he has forbidden you - refrain from. Quran surah Hashr 59:7 [1] [2]

 

Hadith

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA): Rasool-Allah ﷺ said: “The part of an Izar (lower garment) which hangs below the ankles is in the Fire (of Hell).” Book of Dress, Sahih Bukhari , Vol. 7 : 5787

Three are the (persons) with whom Allah would neither speak on the Day of Resurrection, nor would look at them nor would absolve the and there is a painful chastisement for them. The Messenger of Allah () repeated it three times. Abu Dharr remarked: They failed and they lost; who are these persons, Messenger of Allah? Upon this he (Prophet) observed: They are: the dragger of lower garment, one who boasts of his favours done to another; and the seller of goods by false oath. Sahih Muslim 106

 

The Hadeeths with this meaning are many proving the prohibition of Al-Isbal, without qualification. If someone says they are not doing it from pride, they do not know that this practice leads to pride, that it is a form of waste regarding the garment, and that it makes the garment vulnerable to any impurities that may be on the ground.

Narrated Abu Hurairah (R): Prophetsaid: “Allah will not look, on the Day of Resurrection, at a person who drags his Izar out of pride & arrogance.” (Hadith No. 5788, Book of Dress, Sahih Bukhari , Vol. 7 ).  [3]

 

Scholars view

Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz said:

As for what is reported from As-Siddiq (Abu Bakr), may Allaah be pleased with him, he said to the Prophet: "My Izar falls unless I take care (to hold it up)." The Prophetsaid to him, "You are not one of those who does it out of conceit." Sahih Al-Bukhari 5784 and Abu Dawud4085

 

This only means that the person whose Izar hangs low does not enter under the warning of punishment if it happens unintentionally and if he tries to keep it up. But whoever else does it is accused of arrogance, or if not, then his action leads to arrogance, and it is Allaah Almighty alone who knows what is in the hearts.

The Prophet  warned against Al-Isbal in Hadeeths without making any qualification for the prohibition — he didn't say it is allowed if it is done without pride. Fatawa Islamiyah, Vol. 7, Pages 368-370, DARUSSALAM [4]

 

References

[1][4] http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=309

[2] http://sunnahonline.com/library/fiqh-and-sunnah/134-izar

[3] http://www.quranandhadith.com/trailing-lower-garment-2/

 

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