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KURDISH


Kurdish language, West Iranian language spoken in Kurdistan; it ranks as the third largest Iranian language group, after Persian and Pashto, and has numerous dialects. There are two main dialect groups. The northern group—spoken from Mosul, Iraq, into the Caucasus—is called Kurmānjī; in Turkey, Hawar (Turkized Latin) characters are used in the written form. The central group, called Kurdī, or Sōrānī, emerged as the major literary form of Kurdish. It is spoken within a broad region that stretches roughly from Orūmīyeh, Iran, to the lower reaches of traditional Kurdistan in Iraq. In Iraq, Kurdī is the official form of Kurdish. Subdialects of Kurdish include Kermanshahī, Lekī, Guranī, and Zaza.

 

Table of Contents

 

History

The written literary output in Kurdic languages was confined mostly to poetry until the early 20th century, when a general written literature began to be developed. In its written form today "Kurdish" has two regional standards, namely Kurmanji in the northern parts of the geographical region of Kurdistan, and Sorani further east and south. Another distinct language group called Zaza-Gorani is also spoken by several millions of ethnic Kurds today and is generally also described and referred to as Kurdish, or as Kurdic languages, because of the ethnic association of the communities speaking the languages and dialects. Hewrami, a variation of Gorani, was an important literary language used by the Kurdsbut was steadily replaced by Sorani in the twentieth century.

 

Dialects

Kurdish has two main dialects: Kurmanji (also called ‘Northern’) and Sorani (‘Central’). Kurmanji is spoken in Turkey, Syria and northern parts of Iraq and Iran; Sorani is spoken predominantly in western Iran and in Iraq. Kurdish has been a literary language for over a thousand years

 

Speakers

Today it has about 30 million speakers in the world.

 

Kurdish language on websites

Kurdish language content available on net is less than 0.1% in terms of percentage.

 

References

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/325225/Kurdish-language

http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Kurdish_language.html

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