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JUMUAH


Jumu'ah or jum'ah is commonly referred as "Friday" in English Language. There are various narration from Prophet Muhammad (Saw) that “The best of your days is Friday.”Muslims pray ordinarily five times each day according to the sun's sky path regardless of clock time. The jumu'ah Salah (prayer) is the most significant part of this day.

 

Table of Contents

 

Qur’an

Besides the five obligatory prayers, Allah  has also ordained the "Jumah" (Friday Congregational Prayer) as a necessary prayer on the Muslims as is made clear in the following ayath of the Qur'an as: “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!” And when the Prayer is finished, then may ye disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of Allah سبحانه و تعالى: and celebrate the Praises of Allah  often (and without stint): that you may prosper. Qur'an.SurahJumu’ah 62:9-10

 

The jumu'ah Salah (prayer) is half the dhuhr prayer, for convenience, preceded by a khutbah (a sermon as a technical replacement of the two reduced rakaʿat of the ordinary dhuhr prayer), and followed by a congregational prayer, led by the Imam.

 

Hadith

The Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) also urge the Muslims to the importance of the Friday prayer said:“ They (people) will have to stop neglecting the Friday prayer or otherwise, Allah  will seal their hearts and they will be counted among the negligent” (Reported by Imam Muslim).

 

The Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) also says:“ He who deliberately neglects three consecutive Friday pray, Allah سبحانه و تعالى will make a mark on his heart” (Reported by Abu Dawood).

 

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah and Hudhayfah (may Allaah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah led those who came before us away from Friday. The Jews had Saturday, and the Christians had Sunday. Then Allah brought us and Allah guided us to Friday. So there is Friday, Saturday and Sunday, and thus they will follow us on the Day of Resurrection. We are the last of the people of this world but we will be the first on the Day of Resurrection, and we will be dealt with before all others.” Sahih Al-Bukhari, book of Jumu’ah, 847 and  Sahih Muslim, 856

 

It was narrated from Aws ibn Aws that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of your days is Friday. On that day Adam (peace be upon him) was created; on that day he died; on that day the Trumpet will be blown and on that day all of creation will swoon. So send a great deal of blessings upon me, for your blessings will be shown to me.” They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, how will our blessings upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?” He said, “Allah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets, peace be upon them.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1047; classed as saheeh by Ibn al-Qayyim in his comments on Sunan Abi Dawood, 4/273; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 925. 

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On it Adam was created, on it he was admitted to Paradise and on it he was expelled therefrom.”  Sahih Muslim, 1410

Ibn ‘Umar and Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “People should stop neglecting Jumu’ah prayers or else Allah will place a seal over their hearts, then they will be among the negligent.” Narrated by Muslim, 865. 

 

Wording of Khutbah

Al-Nisaa’i reported that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us Khutbat al-Haajah: Al-hamdu Lillaahi nasta’eenahu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na’oodhu billaahi min shuroori anfusinaa wa sayi’aati a’maalinaa. Man yahdih Illaahu falaa mudilla lahu wa man yudlil falaa haadiya lahu. Wa ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu (Praise be to Allaah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger). Then he recited the following three ayaat (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Yaa ayyuha’lladheena aamanu-ttaqu’Llaaha haqqa tuqaatihi wa laa tamootunna illaa wa antum muslimoon (O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.)’ [Aal ‘Imraan 3:102], ‘Yaa ayyuha’n-naas uttaqu rabbakum alladhi khalaqakum min nafsin waahidatin wa khalaqa minhaa zawjahaa wa baththa minhumaa rijaalan katheeran wa nisaa’an wa’ttaqu-Llaah alladhi tasaa’aloona bihi wa’l-arhaama inna Allaaha kaana ‘alaykum raqeeban (O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women, and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship) Surely, Allaah is Ever an All-Watcher over you).’ [al-Nisa’ 4:1], ‘Yaa ayyahu’lladheena aamanu-ttaqu’Llaaha wa qooloo qawlan sadeedan (O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth).’ [al-Ahzaab 33:70].”

 

Virtues of Friday

1 – On it is Salaat al-Jumu’ah (Friday prayer), which is the best of prayer. 

 

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu‘ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!” [al-Jumu’ah 62:9

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The five daily prayers and from one Jumu’ah to the next is an expiation for whatever sins come in between them, so long as one does not commit a major sin.” Sahih Muslim 233

 

2 – Praying Fajr in congregation on Fridays is the best prayer that the Muslim can pray during the week. 

 

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best prayer before Allah is Fajr prayer on Friday in congregation.” 

 

Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1119 

 

One of the special features of Fajr prayer on Friday is that it is Sunnah to recite Soorat al-Sajdah in the first rak’ah and Soorat al-Insaan in the second. 

 

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite in Fajr prayer in Fridays Alif-Laam-Meem Tanzeel (Soorat al-Sajdah) in the first rak’ah and Hal ata ‘ala’l-insaan heenun min al-dahr lam yakun shay’an madhkooran (Soorat al-Insaan) in the second. 

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 851; Muslim, 880. 

 

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said: It was said that the reason why these two soorahs are recited is because they mention the creation of Adam and what will happen on the Day of Resurrection, because that will come to pass on a Friday. 

 

3 – Whoever dies during the day or night of Friday, Allah will protect him from the trial of the grave. 

 

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There is no Muslim who dies during the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allah will protect him from the trial of the grave.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1074; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz, p. 49, 50 

 

4 - An Hour On Friday when dua is not rejected

 

Narrated Abu Hurairah (R): Allah’s Messenger (May Allah honour Him and Grant Him peace) talked about Friday and said: 'There is an hour on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while offering Salah (prayer) and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.' And he (the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) pointed out the shortness of that particular time with his hands. Sahih Al Bukhari Vol 2:57 and Muslim 852

 

5 – Expiation of sins

 

Abu Hurayrah, which says that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Each of the five daily prayers and from one Jumu’ah prayer to the next is an expiation for the time in between, so long as one does not commit any major sin.”  (al-Tahaarah, 342). 

 

Abu Hurayrah said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘When Friday comes, at each door of the mosque there are angels who write down the first ones to come to the mosque. Then when the imaam sits down they close their books and come to listen to the sermon. The one who comes early (for Friday prayer) is like who sacrificed a camel, then those who come after him (in order of their coming) are like one who sacrificed a cow, then one who sacrificed a horned ram, then one who sacrificed a chicken, then like one who offered an egg.” (narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Jumu’ah, 1416). 

 

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “One of the best of your days is Friday. On it Adam was created and on it he died. On it the Trumpet will be blown and on it all creatures will perish (prior to the Resurrection on the Last Day). So send many blessings upon me on that day, for your blessings will be shown to me.” They said, “How will our blessings be shown to you when your body will have become dust?” He said, “Allah has forbidden the earth to consume our [Prophets’] bodies.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood and al-Nasaa’i; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, no. 695). 

 

Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever makes his wife do ghusl and does ghusl himself [i.e., has intercourse] on Friday and goes out early, walking not riding, and comes close to the imaam and listens [to the sermon] without interrupting, will have for each step he takes a reward equal to that of fasting and praying at night for one year.” Narrated by Ahmad and al-Tirmidhi; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, no. 687

 

6. Expiation for sins committed between this Friday and the previous Friday

 

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: 

 

“Whoever does ghusl, then comes to Jumu’ah, and prays what is decreed for him, then listens attentively until the khutbah is over, then prays with him (the imam), will be forgiven (his sins) between that and the next Jumu’ah, and three days more.” Narrated by Muslim (857); a similar report was narrated from Salmaan al-Faarisi by al-Bukhaari (883). 

 

For every step he takes to the mosque, the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year will be recorded for him. 

 

It was narrated that Aws ibn Aws said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever washes his head and his body (ghusl) on Friday, then sets out early, is present at the beginning of the khutbah and is close (to the imam), then listens attentively, for every step he takes he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year.” 

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (496) who said: it is a hasan hadeeth. It was classed as saheeh by al-Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al-Kubra (3/227) and by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi. 

 

7 – The reward for praying Jumu’ah depends on listening attentively

 

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: 

 

“If you say to your companion, ‘Listen attentively’ on a Friday, when the imam is delivering the khutbah, then you have engaged in idle speech.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (934) and Muslim (851). 

 

8 – The one who listens attentively will have two kafl of reward. 

 

Ali ibn Abi Taalib delivered a khutbah in Kufah and said in his khutbah: 

If a man sits in a place where he can hear and see (the imam) and listens attentively and does not engage in idle speech or fidgeting, he will have two shares of reward. If he stays far away and sits in a place where he cannot hear but he listens attentively and does not engage in idle speech or fidgeting, he will have one share of reward. If he sits in a place where he can hear and see but he engages in idle speech or fidgets and does not listen attentively, then he will have one share of sin.” 

 

And at the end of that he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say that. Narrated by Abu Dawood (1051) and classed as da’eef (weak) by al-Albaani. A similar report was narrated from Abu Umaamah in a marfoo’ report in al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer (8/165) and in a mursal report from Yahya ibn Abi Katheer in Musannaf ‘Abd al-Razzaaq (3/223). 

 

Scholars view

Undoubtedly the Muslim is enjoined during the khutbah to listen and pay attention, and stop moving. He is enjoined to do two things: 

 

1.     Be silent and still, and refrain from moving or fidgeting

 

2.     He is enjoined to be quiet and refrain from speaking. It is haraam for him to speak whilst the imam is delivering the khutbah, and it is also haraam for him to move, fidget, touch the pebbles, draw lines on the ground, or anything else of that nature. Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (5/71)

 

References

http://www.islamqa.com/en/search/friday/AllWords/t,q,a

 

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