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THE JUMAH KHUTBAH


Khutbah in English is referred as a sermon; Jumah Khutbah is a Friday’s sermon which is given in a Masjid before Salah(Prayers), it serves as the primary formal occasion for public preaching in the Islamic tradition. The Islamic tradition can be formally at the noon, congregation prayer on every Friday.

 

Table of Contents

 

Significance

The listening to a khutba that focuses on Muslims' loyalty to Allah سبحانه و تعالى, with the main objective of inspiring and motivating Muslims to order and practice virtue (maroof) and forbid vice (munkar).

 

This is supported by several authentic Hadiths:

Narrated by Abu Huraira (R): "The person who takes a bath then  comes  to the  Jumah  prayer,  then offers the prayer that was destined for him, and then keeps silent till the Imam finishes the sermon, and then  prays  along  with  him, his sins between that time and the next Friday would be forgiven.”  Sahih Al Muslim 1867.

 

Narrated by Abu Huraira (R): Allah's Messenger (May Allah Honour Him and Grant Him peace) said: When it is Friday, the angels stand at every door of the masjid and records the people in the order of their arrival, and when the Imam sits (on the pulpit for delivering the Khutbah) they fold up their sheets and listen to the mention (of Allah). And he who comes early is like one who offers a she-camel as a sacrifice, the next like one who offers a cow, the next a ram, the next a hen, the next an egg. .  Sahih Al Muslim 1864.

 

Theme of Khutbah

The objective of the Khutba is to give Muslims hope and encouragement. Emphasis should be on forgiveness and chance for repentance rather than on punishment.  Keeping in view the work environment, no bad language or Dua'a damning any other group of people is to be used in Juma'a Khutba. Rather, ask  for the  misguided to be guided by Allah . Fiqh matters that are common to major schools and have the agreement of the majority of the Jurists are to be brought up. Do not discuss differences. Muslim social problems are to be addressed positively without hurting anyone by singling out or "pointing fingers", but rather by using generality and examples of our Prophet'(صلى الله عليه و سلم) life in dealing with similar problems. The Khutba is not the right place to settle personal conflicts between Muslims.   Political events are to be mentioned, if at all, only to relate causes and effects that are relevant to Muslims.  Political events should be mentioned only with the purpose of educating the Muslims and raising their level of awareness, and should be evaluated against the Qur'an and Sunnah guidelines and principles.  In general, any topic that might cause division "fitnah" among Muslims is forbidden to be mentioned, any topic that might  lead to the Unity of Muslims is encouraged in the Khutba. Khutba is not a place to settle scores.

 

Format of the Khutbah

The khutba should be formed of two parts with a short gap.  The Khateeb takes his place and greets the Muslims by Assalamu'Alaikum.  Then the Adhan is called.  The two parts of the Khutba begin with Hamd to Allah سبحانه و تعالى and salutation on His prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم).  Khateeb mentions the title of Khutba and explains what he means using Qur'an and Hadith where possible.   In all, both parts  have  to contain at least one Ayat from the Qur'an and one Hadith of the the prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and Grant Him peace).  The two parts of  the  Khutba have  to  be closed by Duaa of forgiveness and request of Allah's guidance to us.  It is preferable that the  second  Khutba  is largely devoted to Duaa

 

THE SALAAT OF JUMA'A: It is two rakat jahran (said aloud).  Imam of  salaat  may  or  may  not  be  the Khateeb.  (Should  be  selected  according to Qur'anic knowledge, age, and marital status respectively). This is supported  by  the following  Authentic Hadith: "The Imam of the group should be the one who is most knowledgeable about the book of Allah : if  they are  equal in that respect, then the one most knowledgeable about the Sunnah; if they are equal in that respect, then the  one  who emigrated  first; if they are equal in that, then the eldest one, and let no one lead another amongst his family (or in his  household),  or  in his dominion, or take a better place than him, except by his permission", Sahih Al Muslim 1420.

 

Structure of Khutba

 Khateeb says Salam and sits down

 Muaddhin makes the adhaan

 Khateeb relates the contents of the Khutbah

 Ends the first half with dua’a

 Takes a break between two half of Khutbah (about 30 sec)

 Khateeb stands up again and praises Allah and sends Salaam on the Prophet(saw)

 Does the second part of the Khutba

 Ends with Dua’a

 

Duration

Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) salaat was longer than his Khutbas.

 

Khateeb Characteristics

Should have good knowledge of the Qur`an and Sunnah.  Must  be  a male  adult and hopefully sane Muslim.  Should be practicing what he preaches.  Should be in good relationship with Allah  and  always  aspiring to improve it.  Should be a good Daee, e.g. should not lose his temper, insult etc., does  not  discourage  but  encourages  people  to  Islam,  is  not  harsh in behavior, will be listened to by Muslims and (interested) non-Muslims alike. As mentioned in Qur’an:  “Thus it is by the mercy of Allah that you deal  with  them gently,  and  had you been rough, hard hearted, they would surely have  dispersed  from  around  you” Qur’an.Surah Ale Imran 3:159.

 

General wordings of Khutbah

This is called as Khutbat-ul-Haajjah. This bit is always done in Arabic. Here’s what you should say:

Innal hamda Lillaahi nahmaduhu wa nasta’eenahu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na’oodhu billaahi min shuroori anfusinaa wa min sayi’aati a’maalinaa. Man yahdih Illaahu falaa mudilla lahu wa man yudlil falaa haadiya lahu. Wa ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allah wahdahu la sharika lahu wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wasallam.

(Praise be to Allah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, the One, having no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger).

 

References

http://www.islam-muslims.com/islamic-q-a/khutba-khutbah-how-to-give-khutbas/

http://d1.islamhouse.com/data/en/ih_books/single/en_selected_friday_sermons.pdf

 

 

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