Islamic Principles are the set of rules and belief, set by the creator Himself. These Principles are not fixed for any group or region or area or caste but they have been sent for the entire mankind. The word"Islam" is an Arabic word which means peace acquired by submitting one’s will to the WILL of Allah (Glory be to Him). So the WILL of Allah are the Islamic principles sent by Him for the entire mankind through the last and final Messenger Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him Peace). The uniqueness of Islam is that these principles are set by the creator i.e., Allah (Glory be to Him) and all these principles are according to the nature on which human beings are created.
He is not two in one or three in one. This means that Islam rejects the idea of trinity or such a unity of God which implies more than one God in one. Allah (Glory be to Him) Says in Qur'aan that He is One and the Only One, Qur’an.Surah Ikhlas 112:1
People are created equal in front of the Law of God. There is no superiority for one race over another. Allah (Glory be to Him) made us of different colors, nationalities, languages and beliefs so as to test who is going to be better than others. No one can claim that he is better than others. It is only God Who knows who is better. It depends on piety and righteousness. Qur’an.Surah Hujrath 49:13
We Muslims believe that Allah (Glory be to Him) sent different messengers throughout the history of mankind. All came with the same message and the same teachings. It was the people who misunderstood and misinterpreted them. Qur’an.Surah Anbiya 21:25
We Muslims believe in Prophet Nuh, Ibraheem, Isaaq, Ismael, Yakubb, Musa, Dawud, Eesa, and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Them All). The Prophets of Christianity and Judaism are indeed the Prophets of Islam.
We Muslims believe that there are unseen creatures such as angels created by Allah (Glory be to Him) in the universe for special missions.
We Muslims believe that there is a Day of Judgement when all people of the world throughout the history of mankind till the last day of life on earth, are to be brought for accounting, reward and punishment. Qur’an.Surah Zilzal 99:7, 8
We Muslims believe that people are born free of sin. It is only after they reach the age of puberty and it is only after they commit sins that are to be charged for their mistakes. No one is responsible for or can take the responsibility for the sins of others. However, the forgiveness through true repentance is always open.
We Muslims believe that Islam is a total and a complete way of life. It encompasses all aspect of life. As such, the teachings of Islam do not separate religion from politics. As a matter of fact, state and religion are under the obedience of Allah (Glory be to Him) through the teachings of Islam. Hence, economic and social transactions, as we educational and political systems are also of the teachings of Islam.
A. Creed (Shahadah)
B. Prayers (Salah)
It is the duty of every Muslim, male and female, after reaching the age of puberty, to perform five Salats (Prayers) at specific times during the day and night.
C. Compulsory charity (Zakath)
This is an annual payment of a certain percentage of a Muslim's property, based on certain conditions and after that some percentage of amount is distributed among the poor or other rightful beneficiaries.
D. Fasting (Saum)
Fasting is total abstinence from food, liquids and intimate intercourse (between married couples) from dawn to sunset during the Month of Ramadan.
E. Pilgrimage (Hajj)
The performance of pilgrimage to Makkah is required once in a lifetime if means are available. Hajj is in part in memory of the trials and tribulations of Prophet Ibraheem, his wife Hagar and his eldest son Prophet Ishmael (Peace be upon them All).
In Islam, there are six pillars of faith: Belief in Allah, His angels, His books to mankind, His Prophets and Messengers, the Day of Judgment, and Destiny.
A. Belief in Allah (The God)
Islam teaches that there is one Unique God (Allah) who should be worshipped and obeyed.
B. Belief in MalaIka (Angels)
Muslims believe that Allah created unseen creatures such as Angels. Muslims believe in their existence, their names, their tasks, and descriptions as explained in the Qur’aan and in the Sunnah (Teachings of the Prophet Muhammad(S)).
C. Belief in the Books of Allah
Muslims believe that Allah from time to time revealed books to mankind. These books originated from the same divine source; they are all divine revelations. Muslims believe in the original text of these books when they were revealed. The five prominent divine books are: 1) Zabur revealed to Prophet DAWUD; 2) Tawrah revealed to Prophet MUSA; 3) Injil revealed to Prophet EESA; 4) Qur’an revealed to Prophet Muhammad.
D. Belief in the Prophets of Allah
Muslims believe that Allah sent Prophets to all mankind as messengers for their guidance. Muslims believe in their existence, their names, and their messages, as Allah and His Prophet informed about them. Prophets are void of divinity because divinity is exclusive only to Allah (God) the Almighty.
E. Belief in Yawm al-Qiyama (Day of Judgement)
Muslims believe that the life of this world and all that is in it will come to an end on one appointed day, when everything will be annihilated. Allah will judge with perfect justice each person individually according to his good or bad actions that he did during his life, and every victim will have his/ her rights. Allah will reward those who lead a righteous life and did good deeds by sending them to Paradise (Jannah).
F. Belief in Al - Qadr (Destiny, Divine Decree)
Muslims believe that since the whole universe is entirely under the direction and control of Allah, then everything that is or that happens in this universe, from the smallest to the greatest event is governed by Allah. Muslims put their trust in Allah only they are required, however, to make a sincere effort to strive and do their best, and not simply sit back and let things take their course in blind resignation. Such belief gives a person a tremendous degree of inner certainty, confidence and peace of heart, especially in the face of afflictions.