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ISBAAL


The Arabic word Isbaal means wearing one’s clothes or garments below the ankles. This is exclusively related to males, as it deals with a very common issue of an aspect of dressing among males. However, it does not mean that females may not read it sincerely. As for a woman, it is allowed for her to lower her garment in order to cover her feet. They can read this to correct their male family members.

 

Table of Contents

 

Quran

And whatever the Messenger has given you - take; and what he has forbidden you - refrain from. Quran surah Hashr 59:7  [1]

 

Hadith

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA): Rasool-Allahsaid: “The part of an Izar (lower garment) which hangs below the ankles is in the Fire (of Hell).” Book of Dress, Sahih Bukhari , Vol. 7 : 5787

 

The Prophetsaid: "Isbaal (wearing one’s garment below the ankles) may apply to the izaar (lower garment), the shirt or the turban. Whoever allows any part of these to trail on the ground out of arrogance, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Judgement." Abu Dawud, no. 4085, and al-Nisaa’i, no. 5334, with a saheeh isnaad

 

Hudhayfah said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took hold of the muscle of my calf (or his calf) and said, ‘This is where the izaar should stop; if you insist, it may be lower, but it should not reach the ankles.’" Sunan Tirmidhi 1783

 

Jaabir ibn Sulaym said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me: ‘Beware of wearing one’s lower garment below the ankles, because this is a kind of showing-off, and Allaah does not love showing-off.’" Saheeh by al-Tirmidhi,2722

 

Ibn ‘Umar said: "I passed by the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and my izaar had slipped down. He said, ‘O ‘Abdullaah, pull up your izaar!’ so I pulled it up. He said, ‘More!’ so I pulled it up more, and always made sure it was pulled up properly after that." Some people asked, "To where did you pull it up?" He said, "To mid-calf length." Sahih Muslim, no. 2086; al-Dhahabi, Kitaab al-Kabaa’ir, 131-132 [2]

 

Punishment

Three are the (persons) with whom Allah would neither speak on the Day of Resurrection, nor would look at them nor would absolve the and there is a painful chastisement for them. The Messenger of Allah () repeated it three times. Abu Dharr remarked: They failed and they lost; who are these persons, Messenger of Allah? Upon this he (Prophet) observed: They are: the dragger of lower garment, one who boasts of his favours done to another; and the seller of goods by false oath. Sahih Muslim 106

 

If a person comes with an attempt to remain neutral, saying ‘I don’t drag my garment due to arrogance; rather it is normal or routine.’ Then bring him the proof with another narration, the statement of the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): Whatever is beneath the ankles is in the fire. Musnad Ahmad 9064 [3]

 

Scholars view

Refutation of Doubt “We are like Abu Bakr; we’re not doing it out of Pride”

Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz said:

As for what is reported from As-Siddiq (Abu Bakr), may Allaah be pleased with him, he said to the Prophet: "My Izar falls unless I take care (to hold it up)." The Prophetsaid to him, "You are not one of those who does it out of conceit." Sahih Al-Bukhari 5784 and Abu Dawud4085

This only means that the person whose Izar hangs low does not enter under the warning of punishment if it happens unintentionally and if he tries to keep it up. But whoever else does it is accused of arrogance, or if not, then his action leads to arrogance, and it is Allaah Almighty alone who knows what is in the hearts.

The Prophetwarned against Al-Isbal in Hadeeths without making any qualification for the prohibition — he didn't say it is allowed if it is done without pride. Fatawa Islamiyah, Vol. 7, Pages 368-370, DARUSSALAM [4]

 

Few more reasons

“The scholars have mentioned a few different reasons why it is not correct for you to try to compare yourself with Abu Bakr As-Sideeq (radiallaahu ‘anhu).

- Firstly, we don’t have a testimony as Abu Bakr did from the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that he wasn’t doing it out of pride. The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: You are not one doing it out of Pride. None of you have a testimony from the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) (saying) you’re not doing it out of pride. (That’s) number one.

- Number two, the ‘ulemma mention that it happened to Abu Bakr because of his thinness, he was a thin man. Very small (waist), and it was hard for him to keep his izaar up, and it used to fall.

- The third issue the ‘ulemma mention is that he was striving to keep it up! He wasn’t just letting it all hang out and down like this. He was striving to keep it up.

- [Fourthly,] they (the scholars) also mention another narration that the Prophet mentioned that isbal itself is nakhyila – isbal itself is arrogance. The ‘ulemma mentioned that at the very least it leads to arrogance…”  [5]

 

References

[1] [4] http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=309

[2] [3] http://islamqa.info/en/762

[5] http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2013/04/01/refutation-of-doubt-we-are-like-abu-bakr-were-not-doing-it-out-of-pride/

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