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IQAMAH OR IQAAMAH


In Arabic, the word ‘Athaan’ is to call or to inform. Religiously, it is a call made to inform people that the time of the prayer has begun. It is obligatory for the congregation in the mosque while for individuals praying alone at home, for example, it is a highly preferred act. It begins by proclaiming the greatness and oneness of Allaah and the denial of disbelief and polytheism, testifying to the messengership of Muhammad and then calling to a prosperity which is everlasting, pointing to the return to Allaah.

 

The ‘Iqaamah’ is the second and final Call to Prayer and is uttered immediately before the beginning of the obligatory prayer indicating that it is actually time to perform the prayer. 

 

Table of Contents
 
Recital
Arabic Transliteration Translation
1x الله اكبر الله اكبر Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, (Allaah is the greatest, Allaah is the greatest.
1x اشهد ان لا اله الا الله Ashhadu allaa ilaaha illallaah, I bear witness that there is no deity (worthy of worship) but Allaah
1x اشهد ان محمدًا رسول الله Ashhadu anna Muhammadar-rasoolullaah, I bear witness that Muhammad is Allaah's Messenger.
1x حي على الصلاة Hayya ‘alas-salaah, Come to the prayer, 
1x حي على الفلاح Hayya ‘alal-falaah, come to success.
2x قد قامت الصلاة Qad qaamatis-salaah,  Prayer is to begin.
1x الله اكبر الله اكبر Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar. Allaah is the greatest, Allaah is the greatest.
1x لا اله الا الله La ilaaha illallaah. There is no deity (worthy of worship) but Allaah.)
 

The text of ‘Iqaamah’

Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar,

Ashhadu allaa ilaaha illallaah,

Ashhadu anna Muhammadar-rasoolullaah,

Hayya ‘alas-salaah,

Hayya ‘alal-falaah,

Qad qaamatis-salaah, qad qaamatis-salaah

Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar.

La ilaaha illallaah.

 

Meaning

Allaah is the greatest, Allaah is the greatest.

I bear witness that there is no deity (worthy of worship) but Allaah

I bear witness that Muhammad is Allaah's Messenger.

Come to the prayer, come to success.

Prayer is to begin, prayer is to begin.

Allaah is the greatest, Allaah is the greatest.

There is no deity (worthy of worship) but Allaah.)

During Fajr: As for At-Tathweeb (Saying “Prayer is better than sleep”), it is part of the morning ‘Adhaan’ to say twice, ‘as-salaatu khayrum- minan-nawm (prayer is better than sleep) after Hayya ‘alal-falaah, Hayya ‘alal-falaah. [1]

 

The evidence for the above

The hadeeth narrated by Musnad Ahmad (15881) and Abu Dawood from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Zayd, who said:  When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered that a bell should be made so that it could be struck to call the people to prayer, a man walked around me whilst I was sleeping [i.e., in a dream], carrying a bell in his hand. I said, “O slave of Allaah, will you sell this bell?” He asked, “What will you do with it?” I said, “We will call the people to prayer.” He said, “Shall I not tell you of something better than that?” I said, “Yes.” He said, “Say: Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar; ash-hadu an laa ilaah ill-Allaah, ash-hadu an laa ilaah ill-Allaah; ash-hadu anna Muhammadan rasool-Allaah, ash-hadu anna Muhammadan rasool-Allaah; hayya ‘ala al-salaah, hayya ‘ala al-salaah; hayya ‘ala’l-falaah, hayya ‘ala’l-falaah; Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar; Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah

(Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great. I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah, I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah. I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. Come to prayer, come to prayer; come to success, come to success. Allaah is most Great, Allaah is most Great, there is no god except Allaah).” Then he went a short distance away from me and said: “And when the prayer is about to begin (iqaamah), say:

Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar; ash-hadu an laa ilaah ill-Allaah; ash-hadu anna Muhammadan rasool-Allaah; hayya ‘ala al-salaah, hayya ‘ala’l-falaah; qad qaamat il-salaah, qad qaamat il-salaah(prayer is about to begin); Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar; Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah

The following morning, I went to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him what I had seen. He said, “This is a true dream, in sha Allah. Get up with Bilaal and teach him what you saw, for he has a more melodious voice than you.” So I got up with Bilaal and taught him, and he gave the call to prayer. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab heard that in his house and he came out, dragging his lower garment and saying, “By the One Who sent you with the truth, O Messenger of Allaah, I saw the same as he saw!” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “To Allaah be praise.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 469 and Sunan Ibn Majah Vol.1:706  Note:This version was favoured by the majority of scholars, including Imam Maalik, Imam al-Shaafa’i and Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on them) [2]

It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar(R) said: "At the time of the Messenger of Allah () the phrases of the Adhan were said twice and the phrases of the Iqamah were said once, except that you should I say: 'Qad Qamatis-Salah, Qad Qamatis-Salah (prayer is about to begin, prayer is about to begin).'" Sunan Nasa’I  The Book of the Adhan (The Call to Prayer) Vol. 1, Book 7, Hadith 629

 

Du’as Between Adhan and Iqamah

Du’a is encouraged at this time and it is mustahabb (preferred). It was narrated that Anas رضي الله عنهnarrated that Allah’s Messengerصلى الله عليه و سلمsaid: 'A supplication made between the Adhan and Iqama is not rejected.” Jami At-Tirmidhi, Vol.1:212; Abu Dawood, 521; Ahmad, 12174, Sahih al-Jami 3408 –Classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 489

 

Dua after Adhan and after Iqamah

There is a specific du’a to be narrated immediately after the adhan: It was narrated from Jabir ibn ‘Abd-Allah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever says when he hears the call to prayer: ‘Allahumma Rabba hadhihi’l-da’wat il-tammah wa’l-salat il-qaimah, ati Muhammadan il waseelata wa’l-fadeelah, wab’athhu maqaman mahmoodan illadhi wa’adtah (O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and the prayer to be offered, grant Muhammad the privilege (of intercession) and also the eminence, and resurrect him to the praised position that You have promised),’ my intercession for him will be permitted on the Day of Resurrection.” Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol.1: 589

With regard to du’a after the iqamah, there is no evidence for this.If any specific du’a is made in the absence of any sound evidence, it is an innovation (bid’ah). 

 

Du’a at the time of the adhan (or what the listener says)

With regard to du’a at the time of the adhan, it is Sunnah to repeat what the muezzin is saying, except when he says “Hayya ‘ala’l-salah, hayya ‘ala’l-falah (Come to prayer, come to success),” when you should say ‘La hawla wa la quwwata illa Billah (there is no power and no strength except with Allah).”  

It was narrated that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “If the muezzin says ‘Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar’ and one of you says, ‘Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar’; then he says ‘Ashhadu an la ilaha ill-Allah’ and you say ‘Ashhadu an la ilaha ill-Allah’; then he says, ‘Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasool Allah’ and you say, ‘Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasool Allah’; then he says, ‘Hayya ‘ala’l-salah’ and you say ‘La hawla wa la quwwata illa Billah’; then he says, ‘Hayya ‘ala’l-falah’ and you say ‘La hawla wa la quwwata illa Billah’; then he says, ‘Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar’ and you say, ‘Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar’; then he says ‘La ilaha ill-Allah’ and you say, ‘La ilaha ill-Allah’ from the heart, you will enter Paradise.” Sahih Muslim, 385   [3]

 

See also

Adhaan; Wudu; Ghusl; Dua; La ilaha illAllah

 

References

[1] https://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&id=65220

[2] http://islamqa.info/en/10458

[3] http://islamqa.info/en/5666

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