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IMAM IBN MAAJAH 


Ibn Majah, Abu ‘Abdullah, Muhammad bin Yazid bin Majah ar-Rabi'i Al-Qizwini was born in 207H. He was born in Persian state of Dailam in the city of Qazvin in 209 A.H. His Kunyah was Abu Abdullah. It is reported by Ibn Khallikan that the Imam travelled to Baghdad, Makkah, Egypt, Syria, Kufah and Basrah along other places in order to collect hadith and learn from the great scholars of his time. The Imam benefited the most from his teacher Abu Bakr ibn Shaibah. Other scholars that influenced his work, as reported by Shah Abdul Aziz, were Jabbara ibn al Mughlis, Hisham ibn Umar and Ibrahim ibn al-Munzar. The Imam also relied on and collected ahadith from Ali ibn Muhammad Abu al-Hasan, Amr ibn Rafi, Abu Hajar, Isma’il ibn Abu Suhail al Qazwini.

 

According to the most preferred opinion, Bukhari has the highest status among the six authentic books of hadith, followed by Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nasai, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah respectively. [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Sunan Ibn Majah

Sunan Ibn Majah began to be included in the Six Books (Kutub Sittah) by the end of the fifth century AH. Since then, in every succeeding age, it kept on growing value and importance. With respect to soundness and strength, Sunan Ad Darimi, Sunan Ad-Daraqutni and other books of Sunan were superior Sunan Ibn Majah but they did not gain popularity like Sunan Ibn Majah. Hafiz Ibn Hajar termed the book Jami' Jaiyid (a good, comprehensive Hadith collection). It contains 4,341 total hadeeth, divided into 33 books. [2]

 

Explanations (sharah) Of Sunan Ibn Maajah

  • Misbaah az-Zujaajah Ala Sunan Ibn Maajah by Allaamah as-Suyootee
  • Nihayatul-Haajah Fee Sharh Ibn Maajah by Shaykh Abul-Hasan Ibn Abdul-Haadee as-Sindhee
  • Sharh baaz Sunan Ibn Maajah by Shaykh al-Allaamah Abu Sa'eed Sharf-ud-Deen Dehlawee
  • Miftaah al-Haajah Sharh Sunan Ibn Maajah by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdullaah al-Alawee
  • Injaah al-Haajah Sharh Sunan Ibn Maajah Li-Fadheelatush Shaykh al-Muftee Muhammad Alee Janbaaz al-Baakistaanee. Also Nimzaaj Mukhtaarah Min Makhtoot Injaaz [3]

 

His teachers

His teachers were Jabbara ibn al Mughlis, Ibrahim ibn al-Munzar, Hisham ibn Umar and more Abu Bakr ibn Shaibah.

 

Status among Scholars

Many of the scholars have praised Ibn Majah a lot.

 

Haafidh Ibn Hajr said, "One of the Imaams, Haafidh (preserver)."

 

Abu Ya'ala Khaleelee said,  "Highly trustworthy that is agreed upon, everyone was agreed, his statement was evidence. He was well acquainted with hadeeth in knowledge and memory was excellent."

 

Haafidh Ibn Katheer said, "The righteous and the scholar. He was well acquainted with ahaadeeth and was very firm in following the Sunnah in the principle issues as well as the subsidiary issues."

 

Al-Khaleeli said, "His leadership in knowledge is agreed upon, for he was well-versed in Hadeeth and it's memorization and he was widely read in this field."

 

Adh-Dhabhabi said about Ibn Maajah, "He is the Haafiz, the authority, the well-versed in Tafsir, the leading hadith scholar of Qazween during his time; trustworthy in hadith and widely read." [4] [5]

 

His Works

  • Kitaab Sunan Ibn Maajah
  • Kitaab at-Tafseer(Tafseer E Haafil). Haafidh Ibn Katheer said it was very detailed.
  • Kitaab at-Taareekh(Taareekh E Kamil or Maleeh). Haafidh Ibn Katheer said this book on history included events from the time of the Companions (radi-Allaahu 'anhum). [6]

 

Death

He died on the 22nd of Ramadhaan 273H. He was 64 years old. His brother Abu Bakr led the funeral prayer. His other brother Abu Abdullaah and Imaam Ibn Maajah's son Abdullaah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Yazeed buried him.

 

References

[1] http://www.islamicity.com/forum/printer_friendly_posts.asp?TID=8437

[2] http://store.dar-us-salam.com/product/H15.html

[3] http://web.archive.org/web/20080306081707/http://www.theclearpath.com/viewtopic.php?t=71

[4] http://hadithexegesis.blogspot.in/2009/05/biography-of-imam-ibn-majah.html,

[5] http://www.hilalplaza.com/imam-ibn-maajah.aspx

[6] http://web.archive.org/web/20080306081707/http://www.theclearpath.com/viewtopic.php?t=71

 

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