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IKHLAS OR SINCERITY


Ikhlaas is the sanctification of your speech and action from every blemish of the soul's desire. For example, desiring your beautification in the hearts of people, desiring their praise so that they say 'a scholar', 'what a brave man' or 'a doer of good'. Also included in this is running away from the criticism of the people (i.e. abandoning certain actions because people may criticize or become angry), seeking people's magnification of yourself, their aid and assistance, the fulfillment of your needs or desiring other peoples wealth and possessions - while being contented with all of that because your soul is deceived and your amazement with yourself.

 

Know that Ikhlaas is not correct until you are truthful in your speech, action, striving and while you desire nothing but the Face of Allah سبحانه و تعالىand the Home of the Hereafter.

 

Allah سبحانه و تعالىThe Exalted said: {And whoever desires the Hereafter and strives for it as it should be strived for while being a believer then his striving will be acknowledged (rewarded)} Qur’an.Surah Al-'Isra 17:19.

 

Table of Contents

 

Different meaning of Ikhlaas

1. It is the freedom of the desire for nearness to Allah سبحانه و تعالىfrom every blemish or impurity.

2. It is singling out Allah سبحانه و تعالىwith ones intention in all acts of worship

3. It is forgetting the sight of the creation by continual observance of the Creator

4. It is to hide your good deeds just like you would hide your evil deeds. 

 

As for ikhlaas, then that is one of the meanings of the testimony "there is nothing which has the right to ibaadah except Allah سبحانه و تعالى" in that your ibaadah should be exclusively and sincerely for Allah سبحانه و تعالى

 

Qur’an

Eeman by itself is not sufficient for our ibaadah to be accepted by Allah سبحانه و تعالى. Rather it is necessary that your action is out of eemaan in Allah سبحانه و تعالىand complete ikhlaas to him so that you do not make anyone a partner with him. The exalted said: {those who have eemaan and confuse not their eemaan with injustice. For them there will be security and they are the rightly guided}Qur’San.Surah An'aam 6:82.

 

Injustice here means shirk as was explained by the messenger to the companions رضي الله عنهمand as has been recorded by bukhaaree in the kitaabut-tafseer of his saheeh.

 

Allah سبحانه و تعالىhas laid down a condition for the perfection of eemaan, which gives its possessor security, guidance and freedom from shirk and that is ikhlaas; the abundance of which is necessary for ibaadah to be accepted. The exalted has said: {and they were not commanded except with this: that they should worship Allah سبحانه و تعالى, being completely sincere in the deen}Qur’an.Surah Bayyinah 98:5.

 

And the exalted also said: Say, [O Muhammad ], "Indeed, I have been commanded to worship Allah , [being] sincere to Him in religion.Quran.Surah Zumar 39:11. 39:2,3

 

Hadith

And there is also the Hadith E Qudsi reported by Muslim:"I am so self-sufficient that I am in no need of having partners. Thus, whoever does an action for someone else's sake as well as Mine, will have that action rejected by Me to him whom he associated with Me" Reported by Muslim

 

Ikhlaas is the Necessary Condition of Ibadah

As for Ikhlaas, then that is one of the meanings of the testimony "there is nothing which has the right to Ibaadah except Allah سبحانه و تعالى" in that your Ibaadah should be exclusively and sincerely for Allah سبحانه و تعالى. Eeman by itself is not sufficient for our Ibaadah to be accepted by Allah سبحانه و تعالى. Rather it is necessary that your action is out of Eeman in Allah سبحانه و تعالىand complete Ikhlaas to Him so that you do not make anyone a partner with Him. The Exalted said: {Those who have Eeman and confuse not their Eeman with Injustice. For them there will be security and they are the rightly guided} Qur’an.Surah An'aam 6:82.

 

Injustice here means Shirk as was explained by the Messenger to the companions رضي الله عنهand as has been recorded by Bukhaaree in the Kitaabut-Tafseer of his Saheeh.

 

Allah سبحانه و تعالىhas laid down a condition for the perfection of Eeman, which gives its possessor security, guidance and freedom from Shirk and that is Ikhlaas; the abundance of which is necessary for Ibaadah to be accepted. The Exalted has said: {And they were not commanded except with this: that they should worship Allah سبحانه و تعالى, being completely sincere in the Deen} Qur’an.Surah Bayyinah 98:5.

 

And the exalted also said: Say, [O Muhammad ], "Indeed, I have been commanded to worship Allah , [being] sincere to Him in religion.Quran.Surah Zumar 39:11.

 

Scholars View

That no action is acceptable to Allah سبحانه و تعالىif somebody else is given a share in it. Reflect carefully upon the words of Yoosuf bin al Hussain ar-Raazee رحمت الله: "Indeed the hardest thing (to achieve) in this world is Ikhlaas. How many times have I struggled to extinguish riyaa (showing off) from my heart except that it only appeared again in a different colour" Jaami ul-Uloom wal-Hikam] of Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee رحمت الله

 

References

Author: Abu 'Iyadfrom'The Book of Worship'

Taken from the Book [Al-Ikhlaas] by Abu Muhammad ibn Sa'eed al- Baylaawee
 

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