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IBN KATHIR


Abu Al-Fida', `Imad Ad-Din Isma il bin 'Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi was a famous commentator of  the Glorious Qur’an, Muhaddith, Faqih and historian.

 

Table of Contents

 

Biography

Ibn Kathir was born in a Village in Busra in Syria, in 701 A.H.  His Father died while Ibn Kathir was only four years old. Ibn Kathir's brother, Shaykh Abdul-Wahhab, reared him and taught him until he moved to Damascus in 706 H., when he was five years old.Ibn Kathir lost his sight just before his life ended. He died in Damascus in 774 H.

 

His Teachers

Ibn Kathir learned Fiqh, Hadith from different teachers. Some of them are:

  • Ibn Tahmiyyah   (who died in 728 H).
  • Burhan Ad-Din, Ibrahim bin `Abdur-Rahman Al-Fizari, known as Ibn Al-Firkah (who died in 729 H).
  • Isa bin Al-Mutim, Ahmad bin Abi Talib, (Ibn Ash-Shahnah) (who died in 730 H),
  • Baha Ad-Din Al-Qasim bin Muzaffar bin `Asakir (who died in 723 H)
  • Ibn Ash-Shirdzi, Ishaq bin Yahya Al-Ammuddi, also known as `Afif Ad-Din,
  • Zahiriyyah Shaykh who died in 725 H,
  • Muhammad bin Zarrad
  • Jamal Ad-Din, Yusuf bin Az-Zaki AlMizzi who died in 724 H,
  • Taqi Ad-Din Ahmad bin `Abdul-Halim bin `Abdus-Salam bin Taymiyyah who died in  728 H.
  • Shams Ad-Din, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Uthman bin Qaymaz Adh-Dhahabi
  • Abu Musa Al-Qarafai, Abu Al-Fath Ad-Dabbusi and 'Ali bin `Umar As-Suwani

 

His Students

Many got benefitted from Knowledge of Hafidh ibn Kathir, Some of them are:

  • Ibn Hajji
  • Ibn Imad al Hanbali
  • Ibn Habib and many more.

 

His Works

1 - One of the greatest books that Ibn Kathir wrote was his Tafsir of the Noble Qur'an,which is one of the best Tafsir that rely on narrations [of Ahadith, the Tafsir of the Companions, etc.]. The Tafsir by Ibn Kathir was printed many times and several scholars have summarized it.
 

2- The History Collection known as Al-Biddyah, which was printed in 14 volumes under the name Al-Bidayah wanNihdyah, and contained the stories of the Prophets and previous nations, the Prophet's Seerah (life story) and Islamic history until his time. He also added a book Al-Fitan, about the Signs of the Last Hour.
 

3- At-Takmil ft Ma`rifat Ath-Thiqat wa Ad-Du'afa wal Majdhil which Ibn Kathir collected from the books of his two Shaykhs Al-Mizzi and Adh-Dhahabi; Al-Kdmal and Mizan Al-Ftiddl. He added several benefits regarding the subject of Al-Jarh and AtT'adil.
 

4- Al-Hadi was-Sunan ft Ahadith Al-Masdnfd was-Sunan which is also known by, Jami` Al-Masdnfd. In this book, Ibn Kathir collected the narrations of Imams Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al-Bazzar, Abu Ya`la Al-Mawsili, Ibn Abi Shaybah and from the six collections of Hadith: the Two Sahihs [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] and the Four Sunan [Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, AnNasa and Ibn Majah]. Ibn Kathir divided this book according to areas of Fiqh.
 

5-Tabaqat Ash-Shaf iyah which also contains the virtues of Imam Ash-Shafi.
 

6- Ibn Kathir wrote references for the Ahadith of Adillat AtTanbfh, from the Shafi school of Fiqh.
 

7- Ibn Kathir began an explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari, but he did not finish it.


8- He started writing a large volume on the Ahkam (Laws), but finished only up to the Hajj rituals.


9- He summarized Al-Bayhaqi's 'Al-Madkhal. Many of these books were not printed.


10- He summarized `Ulum Al-Hadith, by Abu `Amr bin AsSalah and called it Mukhtasar `Ulum Al-Hadith. Shaykh Ahmad Shakir, the Egyptian Muhaddith, printed this book along with his commentary on it and called it Al-Ba'th Al-Hathfth fi Sharh Mukhtasar `Ulum Al-Hadith.


11- As-Shrah An-Nabawiyyah, which is contained in his book Al-Biddyah, and both of these books are in print.


12- A research on Jihad called Al-Ijtihad ft Talabi Al-Jihad, which was printed several times.

 

Status among Scholars

Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar AlAsqalani said, "Ibn Kathir worked on the subject of the Hadith in the areas of texts and chains of narrators. He had a good memory, his books became popular during his lifetime, and people benefited from them after his death."

 

Al-Hafiz Adh-Dhaliabi wrote that Ibn Kathir was, "The Imam, scholar of jurisprudence, skillful scholar of Hadith, renowned Fagih and scholar of Tafsir who wrote several beneficial books."

 

About Hafidh ibn Kathir,Abu Al-Mahasin, Jamal Ad-Din Yusuf bin Sayf Ad-Din (Ibn Taghri Bardi), said "He is the Shaykh, the Imam, the great scholar `Imad Ad-Din Abu Al-Fida'. He learned extensively and was very active in collecting knowledge and writing. He was excellent in the areas of Fiqh, Tafsfr and Hadith. He collected knowledge, authored (books), taught, narrated Hadith and wrote. He had immense knowledge in the fields of Hadith, Tafsir, Fiqh, the Arabic language, and so forth. He gave Fatawa (religious verdicts) and taught until he died, may Allah grant him mercy. He was known for his precision and vast knowledge, and as a scholar of history, Hadith and Tafsir."

 

References

http://www.dar-us-salam.com/authors/hafiz-ibn-kathir.htm

 

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