IBN JARIR TABARI
Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Jarir tabari was a prominent sunni scholor, Mufassir of the Qur’an and a great historian.
At-Tabari was born in the city of Amul, in Tabaristan in Persian/Iran in 224 A.H/ 837 CE. He knew the Qur’an by heart at the age of 7. After receiving his early education in the religious sciences at Amol, he continued his studies in Rayy and Baghdad, which he reached about the year 855. Not later than 857 CE he visited Basra, Wasit, and Kufa to hear the famous scholars there. After his return to Baghdad he studied religious law, which he followed for some time before establishing his own doctrine. In Rayy there was a major teacher named Abu Abdillah Muhammad ibn Humayd al-Razi, who had earlier taught in Baghdad but was now in his seventies. Among other material, ibn Humayd taught Jarir Tabari the historical works of ibn Ishaq, especially al-Sirah, his life of Muhammad PBUH.
He is author of massive book of history and very large and Tafsir of Glorious Qur’an. His main Books are as follows:
1-Tarikh e Tabari: Tarikh e Tabari(Tarikh al Ummam wal Maluk) is very detailed and known for its accuracy. Tarikh e Tabari is one of the major source for Islamic historians.
Hafidh Ibn Taimiyah said: “With regard to the Tafseers that are in circulation among the people, the most sound of them is the Tafseer of Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabari, for he mentions the views of the Pious Predecessor with proven isnaads, and there is no bid’ah (innovation) in it, and he does not transmit reports from dubious sources such as Muqaatil ibn Bukayr and al-Kalbi.” Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 13/358
He died at the age of 86 in 310 A.H./ 923 CE in Baghdad.