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HARUT AND MARUT


Harut and Marut were the 2 angels sent by Allah for the people of Prophet Sulaiman(Peace be upon him).  They have been sent as test for the people of Children of Israel.

 

One must believe that the angels are from the creation of Allah; no one knows their exact number except Him. They are from the unseen world. Allah created them to worship and obey Him. They carry out all of Allah’s orders, from administration, observation, guarding and protecting the universe as well its creatures, all according to Allah’s Will and Order.

 

Table of Contents

 

Quran

And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, "We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]." And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah (Quran Surah2:102)

 

Allah has charged the angels with specific duties, and they do what they are commanded. Allah says: "They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded." (Quran Surah16:50)

 

The angels are not partners, associates, or rivals with Allah, nor are they His children; but one must still respect and love them. Allah says: "And they say: ‘The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a child [from the angels].’ Far removed is He from every imperfection! They (the angels) are but honored slaves. They speak not until He has spoken, and [then] they act on His Command." (Quran Surah21:26-27)

 

They spend their time worshipping and obeying Allah, glorifying Him and praising Him. Allah says: "They (i.e. the angels) glorify His praises night and day, (and) without slackening (to do so)." (Quran Surah21:20)

 

Hadith

The angels were created from light. The Prophetsaid: 'The angels were created from light, the Jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Adam was created from what was described to you (black dry clay).' Sahih Muslim 2996 [1]

 

Names of few angels and their responsibility

A Muslim must believe specifically in all the angels named and/or described in the Qur'an and the ahadith:

  • Jibreel: in charge of delivering revelation.
  • Mika'il: in charge of bringing the rain.
  • Israfil: the blower of the horn on Qiyama.
  • Malik-ul-Maut: the Angel of Death who takes people's souls at death.
  • Kirameen and Katibeen: those who record people's actions.
  • The Protectors (Al-Mu'aqqibat): who keep people from death until its decreed time.
  • Ridhwan: in charge of Paradise.
  • Malik: in charge of Hell.
  • Munkar and Nakir: the questioners in the grave.
  • The Carriers of the Throne.
  • Those who record the future of the fetus.
  • Those who enter Kaba (In Heavens): 70,000 every day.
  • Those who move about, descending upon gatherings at which Allah and His Book are mentioned and studied. [2]

 

Merits of Belief in the Angels

  1. One would understand the greatness of Allah His power and ability, and His All-Encompassing Knowledge, from the greatness of His creation which is a proof confirming the greatness of the Creator.
     
  2. When a Muslim knows that there are Angels who record all that he says and does, and that everything he does is either for him or held against him, he would be keen to perform righteous deeds and abstain from sins, whether he is alone or in public.
     
  3. One would safeguard himself from believing in superstitions and fables.
     
  4. One would recognize the mercy Allah shows to His slaves; for Allah assigned to every individual angels who guard him and take care of his affairs. [3]

 

See also

Allah; Angels in Islam; Pillars of Eeman;

 

References

[1] [3] http://www.1ststepsinislam.com/en/belief-in-angels.aspx

[2] http://muttaqun.com/angels.html

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