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HADEETH E JIBREEL


Belief in angels is one of the six pillars of belief or faith in Islam without which there is no faith. Among the angels is one whose task it was to convey the revelation from Allah  سبحانه و تعالىto His Messengers; The angel who bring this revelation from Allah سبحانه و تعالى is called as al-Rooh al-Ameen or Jibril or Jibreel, upon whom be Peace. Articles of faith in Islam comes in a famous hadith called as The Hadith of Jibreel or Hadees  E Jibreel. In this hadith which is related by 'Umar ibn al-Khattab رضي الله عنه, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad  and the second Khulafa or Caliph of an Islamic state.

 

Allah سبحانه و تعالى says about Jibreel (Peace be upon him) in Qur’an: "Say: whoever is an enemy to Jibreel  for he brings down the (revelation) to your heart by Allah’s will." Qur’an Surah Baqarah 2:97

 

Table of Contents

 

Qur’an

Jibreel Ameen is the most distinguished of the angels, and is entrusted with carrying revelation to the Prophets. This includes bringing the Qur’an to Prophet Muhammed , which is referred to in the following:"And it is surely the revelation of the Lord of the worlds. The trusted Spirit has brought it down to your heart, in order that you might be one of the warners, in clear Arabic speech." Qur’an.Surah Shuara 26:192-195

 

Angel Jibreel  عليه السلا is also called ‘the Holy Spirit’, as mentioned in the Qur’an: "And we gave Isa, son of Maryam, clear proofs, and supported him with Ruh-al-Qudus (holy spirit ie. Jibreel)." Qur’an.Surah Baqarah 2:253

 

Main Hadith

`Umar ibn Khattab رضي الله عنه said: “As we were sitting one day before the Messenger of Allah , a man suddenly appeared. He wore pure white clothes and his hair was dark black yet there were no signs of travel on him, and none of us knew him.

He came and sat down in front of the Prophet Muhammad , placing his knees against his, and his hands on his thighs.

 

He said, “O Muhammad! Tell me about Islam.”


The Messenger of Allah Prophet Muhammad  replied, “Islam is to bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship but Allah سبحانه و تعالى and that Muhammad is the slave and Messenger of Allah; and to perform the prayers; pay zakath; fasting in Ramadan; and to perform Hajj to the House of Allahسبحانه و تعالىif you are able.”
The man said, “You have spoken the truth,” and we were surprised that he asked and then confirmed the answer.

 

Then, he asked, “Tell me about belief (Eeman).”


The Prophet Muhammad  replied, “It is to believe in Allah سبحانه و تعالى ; His Angels; His Books; His Messengers; the Last Day; and in destiny—its good and bad.”
The man said, “You have spoken the truth.

 

Now, tell me about performance of good deeds (Ihsan).”


He (The Prophet Muhammad ) said: That you worship Allah سبحانه و تعالى as if you are seeing Him, for though you don't see Him, He, verily, sees you.

 

“Now, tell me of the Last Hour (Doom),” asked the man.
The Prophet Muhammad   replied, “The one asked knows no more of it than the one asking.”


“Then tell me about its signs,” said the man.
The Prophet Muhammad  replied, “That slave women give birth to their mistresses; and that you see barefoot, unclothed, beginning shepherds competing in the construction of tall buildings.”


Then the visitor left, and I waited a long time. Then the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ asked me, “Do you know, Umarرضي الله عنه, who the questioner was?”
I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know best.”He said (Allah bless him and give him peace), “It was Jibril عليه السلا.  He came to you to teach you your religion.” Sahih Muslim Vol 1: 1,6

 

3 levels of faith

There are three levels of faith a person can attain. The first level is Islam. The second level is Eeman. Final is Ihsan,which is the highest of the three levels of faith and the closest to Allah سبحانه و تعالى. Below are the details given about individual levels of faith.

 

Pillars of Islam

1. The Creed (Shahadah),

 

2. Daily Prayers (Salah),

 

3. Almsgiving (Zakath),

 

4. Fasting during Ramadan (Sawm) and

 

5. The Pilgrimage to Makkah (hajj) at least once in a lifetime, if you have means.

 

Pillars of Faith

To belief in

  1. Allah
     
  2. The last day
     
  3. Angels
     
  4. Books
     
  5. Prophets
     
  6. Destiny

 

Ihsan

Ihsanis the highest of the three levels of faith and the closest to Allah سبحانه و تعالى. It is to worship Allah سبحانه و تعالى as That if you are seeing Him, for though you don't see Him, He,verily, sees you. Ihsan means that a Mu'hsin (a good Muslim) is sure that Allah سبحانه و تعالىis seeing him/her in everything he/she says or does. Therefore, a Muhsen does his/her best to say and do only what pleases God and conforms to His commands. This is the level of righteousness, the level of perfection, the level of doing and saying the ultimate good, the level of I'hsan.

 

Conclusion

The hadith created a lasting typology of Islam's subject-matter. Islam comprises of "Islam", the practical outward expression of the faith; "Eeman", the inward beliefs and "Ihsan" a spiritual excellence that animates all aspects of the Muslim experience.

 

It is a must for every person to know these pillars and to learn them with a correct understanding and to believe in them in the manner that he pious forefathers understood and believed in them, in the same manner that the Companions of the Prophet  Muhammad believed and understood them, as well as their Followers and those who followed on their path.

 

References

http://www.aljazeerah.info/Islamic%20Editorials/2007/May/Three%20Levels%20of%20Faith%20Islam,%20Iman,%20and%20Ihsan%20By%20Hassan%20El-Najjar.htm

 

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