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GABRIEL OR JIBREEL


Gabriel or Jibreel is one of the angels mentioned in Quran and Sunnah. And Jibreel is responsible for bringing the revelation on all the prophets. Believing in angels is one on the six pillars of Eeman.

 

One must believe that the angels are from the creation of Allah; no one knows their exact number except Him. They are from the unseen world. Allah created them to worship and obey Him. They carry out all of Allah’s orders, from administration, observation, guarding and protecting the universe as well its creatures, all according to Allah’s Will and Order. [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Quran

Allah says: Say, "Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur'an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah… ” Quran Surah 2:97

 

The Angels act as emissaries (representative) between Allah and His Messengers. Allah says: "Which the trustworthy Rooh [Jibreel (Gabriel)] has brought down; * Upon your heart (O Muhammad «peace be upon him») that you may be (one) of the warners, * In a plain Arabic language." (Quran Surah 26:193-195)

 

The angels are not partners, associates, or rivals with Allah, nor are they His children; but one must still respect and love them. Allah says: "And they say: ‘The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a child [from the angels].’ Far removed is He from every imperfection! They (the angels) are but honored slaves. They speak not until He has spoken, and [then] they act on His Command." (Quran Surah 21:26-27)

 

They spend their time worshipping and obeying Allah, glorifying Him and praising Him. Allah says: "They (i.e. the angels) glorify His praises night and day, (and) without slackening (to do so)." (Quran Surah 21:20)

 

Hadith

The Prophet saw Jibreel in his actual form; he had six hundred wings, and the whole horizon was blocked. Sahih al Bukhari 4906 and Sahih Muslim 174

 

Narrated Aisha(R): The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah's Messenger () was in the form of true dreams. The Angel(Jibreel) came to him and said, "Read, in the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists), has created man a clot. Read! And your Lord is Most Generous" ..(Quran 96:1-5),Sahih al Bukhari Vol.1:3

 

The angels were created from light. The Prophetsaid: 'The angels were created from light, the Jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Adam was created from what was described to you (black dry clay).' Sahih Muslim 2996

 

Although they were created from light, they cannot be seen. Allah has given them the ability to change their appearance in order to be seen and witnessed. Allah informs us that Jibreel (Gabriel) came to Maryam (Mary) in the form of a man: "She placed a screen [to screen herself] from them; then We sent to her Our Rooh (Jibreel), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects. * She said: ‘Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.’ * [The angel] said: ‘I am only a Messenger from your Lord [to announce] to you the gift of a righteous son." (Quran Surah 19:17-19) [2]

 

Names of few other angels and their responsibility

A Muslim must believe specifically in all the angels named and/or described in the Qur'an and the ahadith:

  • Jibreel: in charge of delivering revelation.
  • Mika'il: in charge of bringing the rain.
  • Israfil: the blower of the horn on Qiyama.
  • Malik-ul-Maut: the Angel of Death who takes people's souls at death.
  • arut and Marut: Sent as test for the people of Children of Israel.
  • Kirameen and Katibeen: those who record people's actions.
  • The Protectors (Al-Mu'aqqibat): who keep people from death until its decreed time.
  • Ridhwan: in charge of Paradise.
  • Malik: in charge of Hell.
  • Munkar and Nakir: the questioners in the grave.
  • The Carriers of the Throne.
  • Those who record the future of the fetus.
  • Those who enter Kaba (In Heavens): 70,000 every day.
  • Those who move about, descending upon gatherings at which Allah and His Book are mentioned and studied.   [3]

 

See also

Allah; Angels in Islam; Belief in Angels; Quran; Six pillars of Eeman;

 

References

[1] http://www.1ststepsinislam.com/en/belief-in-angels.aspx

[2] http://www.1ststepsinislam.com/en/belief-in-angels.aspx

[3] http://muttaqun.com/angels.html

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