Send an article  |  Print   |  ../file-system/small/pdf   |   RSS   |  

FATIMA BINT MUHAMMAD (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER)


She is the beloved fifth child of Mohammed(S) and Khadija (R). Fatima endured a childhood of suffering because of the persecution of her father and his followers. She was so devoted to the Prophet and took such good care of him after Khadija's death that she became known as Umm Abi-ha, the mother of her father. It was only through Fatima's children that the Prophet's lineage has survived.  [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Brief Biography

FATIMA(R), the Prophet's youngest daughter who inherited his good features, was the apple of his eye. Her devotion to her father and her faith in Islam were indisputable. A paragon of virtue, piety and kindness, she helped the Prophet in propagating Islam and in the service of the Islamic State. She sent food to the People of the Bench in the Prophet's Mosque. The Prophet married her to his dearest first cousin, Ali bin Abi Talib.

 

Fatimah was the youngest daughter of the Prophet and very much loved by him. Fatima was extremely intelligent, dutiful, hard working and pious. She ran her home without any domestic help or a large source of income. The Prophet had taught her the virtue of contentment and frugal living. She was a perfect wife to Ali, much to the fulfillment of the Prophet. She fed the poor and cared for the orphans. The women of the Muslim community in Madina loved her for her beneficence and generosity.

 

It was the habit of the Prophet that he stood up whenever Fatimah came to him. He took her hand and kissed her forehead and made her sit at his place. And when the Prophet went to her house, she stood up and went forward to hold the Prophet's hand and made him sit in her place. It is narrated that the Prophet said, "Fatimah is a part of me; whoever hurts her, hurts me and whoever holds malice against her, holds malice against me. Once the Prophet asked Ali and Fatimah to sit down on the floor with him and tried to please them.

 

A'isha reported that the Prophet was outside the house wearing a woollen blanket. Hassan came along, and he took him under his garment, then came Ali and Fatimah and he took them under his garment as well and recited this ayath: "And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, you members of the family (of the Prophet) and to make you pure and spotless." [Qur'an Surah 33:33]

 

He also said about these four: "I will declare war against him who declares war against them and I will make peace with him who makes peace with them. Fatimah had five children, Hasan, Husain, Muhsin, UmmKalthum and Zainab. Muhsin died in childhood. Fatimah died six months after the death of the Prophet in the 11th year of the Hijrah. She was 29 years old when she died.

 

The prophet's death on the 11th year after the Hijra (632 A.D.) broke her heart and she died within months of this tragedy. Fatima was the embodiment of all the godly virtues of head and heart, which the Islamic concept of womanhood envisions. She was devoted to her father right from the early days of his Prophetic mission till the last breath of his life in Madina when he whispered into her ears that amongst the living members of his family she would be the first to join him in the Life Hereafter. How truthful indeed was the Prophet, because within six months after his demise, Fatima was with him in the Heaven. [2]

 

Full Name

Fatima bint Muhammad b. 'Abdullah b 'Abdul Muttalib b. Hashim b. 'Abdul Munaf b. Qusayy b. Kilab

 

Parents

Prophet Muhammad(saw) / Khadijah

 

Siblings

Al-Qasim bin Muhammad, Zaynab bint Muhammad, Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad, 'Abdullah bin Muhammad

 

Birth Date/Place

16 BH/605 CE (Makkah)

 

Death Date/Place

11 AH/632 CE (Medina)[ Natural]

 

Places of Stay

Makkah/Medina

 

Area of Interest

Recitation/Quran, Narrator [ ع - صحابة ]

 

Spouse

Ali ibn Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him)

 

Children

Hassan ibn Ali bin Abi Talib, Hussain ibn 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, Zaynab bint 'Ali bin Abi Talib, Umm Kulthum bint 'Ali bin Abi Talib

 

Teachers/Narrated From

Muhammad (saw)

 

Students/Narrated By

Hassan ibn Ali bin Abi Talib, Hussain ibn 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, Ali ibn Abi Talib, 'Aisha bint Abi Bakr, Umm Salamah, Anas bin Malik, Salma(May Allah be pleased with them all)

 

Narrations

Sahih Bukhari: 10    Sahih Muslim: 5 [3]

 

References

al-Isabah[8/54,55,56,57,58,59] , Thiqat[Vol:3] , Tabaqat[Vol:8] , Siyar A'lam[2/118-134] , Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb[Vol:12] , Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb[Vol:12] , Taqrib al-Tahdheeb[751] , Taqrib al-Tahdheeb[760] 

[1] [3] http://www.muslimscholars.info/manage.php?submit=scholar&ID=63

[2] http://www.pbuh.us/prophetMuhammad.php?f=Re_Children

 

1696 Views
Correct us and Correct yourself
.
Comments
Top of page