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AL-BAYT-UL-ATEEQ


The word Ateeq is an Arabic adjective that may signify either ancient or noble. The word Bayt al Ateeq is commonly referred as Khane Kaba.  [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Islamic Terminology

In Islamic meaning, Al-Bayt Al-‘Ateeq is the Ka‘bah.

 

Location

Kaba or Al-Bayt Al-‘Ateeq is situated at the center of Masjid-Al Haram in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

 

Other names of Kaba

Literally, kaaba in Arabic means a high place with respect and prestige. The word kaaba may also be derivative of a word meaning a cube. Some of these other names include:

 

  1. Bait ul Ateeq - which means, according to one meaning, the earliest and ancient. According to the second meaning, it means independent and liberating. Both meanings could be taken.
     
  2. Bait ul Haram - the honorable house. [2]

 

Quran

In the Quran, Allaah The Almighty Says (what means): {Then their place of sacrifice is at the ancient House.} [Quran Surah Hajj 22:33] Some say that it is one of the names of Makkah because it is free of tyrants, or because no tyrant can claim the ownership of this House (since ‘Ateeq may also be derived from an Arabic root meaning to free or emancipate). [3]

 

Hadith

Narrated Bara’ bin ‘Azib(R): Allah’s Apostle prayed facing Baitul-Maqdis for sixteen or seventeen months but he loved to face the Ka’ba (at Mecca) so Allah revealed: “Verily, We have seen the turning of your face to the heaven!” (Qur’an.Surah Baqrah 2:144) So the Prophet faced the Ka’ba and the fools amongst the people namely “the Jews” said, “What has turned them from their Qibla (Bait-ul-Maqdis) which they formerly observed”" (Allah revealed): “Say: ‘To Allah belongs the East and the West. He guides whom he will to a straight path’.” (Qur’an.Surah Baqrah 2:142) A man prayed with the Prophet (facing the Ka’ba) and went out. He saw some of the Ansar praying the ‘Asar prayer with their faces towards Bait-ul-Maqdis, he said, “I bear witness that I prayed with Allah’s Apostle facing the Ka’ba.” So all the people turned their faces towards the Ka’ba. Sahih Al Bukhari Vol 1: 399.

 

History

Kaba was built at the time of Adam (peace be upon Him) and later on it was re-built in the era of Ibrahim (Abraham) (peace be upon Him) by Ibrahim (peace be upon Him) himself and his son Ismael(peace be upon him)

 

Later on at the time of The Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) it was reconstructed when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was 35 years old, The sealed Nectar, p: 63, 64

 

Qibla

The Qibla from Bait-ul-Maqdis changed to Kaba after the revelation of the ayath of Surah Baqarah 2: 144, “Verily! We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم.) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- al-Haram (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction. Certainly, the people who were given the Scriptures (i.e. Jews and the Christians) know well that, that (your turning towards the direction of the Kabah at Makkah in prayers) is the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do.” Qur’an.Surah Baqrah 2: 144.  

 

Four corners

  • Hajr-e-Aswad
  • Rukn-e-Iraqi
  • Rukn-e-Shami
  • Rukn-e-Yamaani [4]

 

See also

Kaba; Makkah; Masjid E Haram; Qiblah; Prophet Muhammad;

 

References

[1] [3]http://www.islamweb.net/ehajj/index.php?page=article&id=147902

[2] http://www.missionislam.com/knowledge/kaaba.htm

[4] http://www.missionislam.com/knowledge/kaaba.htm

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