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AQIQAH or AQEEQAH


The ‘Aqeeqah of the newborn child is the sacrificial animal that is slaughtered in seeking nearness to Allaah and thanking Him for the blessing of the newborn child on the 7th day after its birth.[1] The root of ‘aqeeqah derives from the Arabic verb ‘aqqa, which means split or cut. 

 

Table of Contents

 

Islaamic terminology

In Islaamic terminology, ‘aqeeqah refers to the animal slaughtered as a sacrifice for a newborn child. It is so named because its throat is severed during the sacrifice. It is also called naseekah (sacrifice). [2] “The ‘aqeeqah is a Sunnah (recommended deed) according to the vast majority of the scholars, like Ibn ‘Abbaas, Ibn ‘Umar, ‘Aa’ishah, the jurists of the taabi’oon (those who came after the companions), Al-Mughnee (13/393-394) [3]

 

Things to be done after the birth of new born baby

  1. Dua to be read (for male child) جَعَلَہُ اللّٰہُ مُبَارَکًا عَلَیْکَ وَ عَلٰی اُمَّۃِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ  "(Ja’lahullahu Mubarakan Alika wa a’la ummati Muhammad) meaning May Allah bless this child on you and on the ummah of Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him Peace)
    (for female child) “Ja’lahullahu Mubarakatan Alika wa a’la ummati Muhammad(S)” – dua established from Imam Hasan Basri and Ayub As-Saqtiyani (May Allah have mercy on them), - Authenticated by yahya al hujuoorifrom Tahqeeq kitabo Usool ul Amaani bi Usooli At –Ta’hani by Imam suyuti.  Kitab ud Dua, Tabrani Vol 1: 294 and 945, . Al-ayal, Ibn e Abi duniya Vol1: 366 and 202
     
  2. Tahnik – putting something sweet, such as dates or honey, in the child’s mouth when the child is new born. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5150; Muslim, 2145
     
  3. To give him/her a good and nice name. Narrated by Muslim, 3126
     
  4. To shave clean his/her head seven days after his/her birth, to weigh the hair and give its weight through silver in charity. al-Tirmidhi, 1522; al-Nasaa’i, 4220 and Abu Dawood, 2838. The hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani, may Allaah have mercy on him, in al-Irwaa’ 4/385
     
  5. To slaughter one sheep for the girl and two sheep for the boy. Narrated by Abu Dawood (2842)
     
  6. Circumcision, Sahih Al Bukhaari, 5441

 

Sunnah

The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him Peace) said: “Every child is in mortgaged for his ‘aqeeqah which should be sacrificed for him on the seventh day, and his head should be shaved and he should be given a name.” Al-Nasaa’i, 4220; Abu Dawood, 2838; al-Tirmidhi, 1522; Ibn Maajah, 3165; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood. 

 

It was reported that Aa’ishah(R) said: “the Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him Peace) did ‘aqeeqah for al-Hasan and al-Husayn on the seventh day, and gave them their names.” Ibn Hibbaan, 12/127; al-Haakim, 4/264. Classed as saheeh by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Baari, 9/589) [4]

 

Prescribed Time for Aqiqah           

It was narrated from Samurah ibn Jundub that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every child is in pledge for his ‘aqeeqah, which should be sacrificed for him on the seventh day and his head should be shaved and he should be given a name.” al-Tirmidhi, 1522, he said it is hasan saheeh; Ibn Maajah, 3165; Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 2563).  [5]

 

Type of animal to be slaughtered

It was narrated from ‘Aaishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded them to sacrifice two similar sheep for a boy and one for a girl. Al-Tirmidhi; he said, it is hasan saheeh; Ibn Maajah, 3163; Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 1221.[6]

 

The condition of the animal for Aqiqah

Ibnul-'Arabee al-Maalikee said: "The condition that the 'Aqeeqa sacrifice must be like that for the Adhaa sacrifice is not established by any authentic or weak hadeeth, so those who hold it to be a condition have no proof other than analogy. 'Fathul-Malikil-Ma'bood ..' of Ibn Khitaab (3/75) 

 

Dua before slaughtering animal

Bismillahi Allahuakbar, Allahumma laka wa Ilayka, Hazihi Aqeeqatu fulanin ‘NAME OF CHILD’  Baihaqi 497 classed as Hasan by Imam Nawawi in Al-Majmua, page 8/ 428
 

عن عائشة - رضي الله عنها - أنها قالت: "عق رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - عن الحسن والحسين، وقال: ((قولوا: بسم الله، والله أكبر، اللهم لك وإليك، هذه عقيقة فلان))؛ [رواه البيهقي، وقال النووي: إسناد حسن، Al-Majmua, Imam Nawawi page 8/ 428 [7]

 

Scholars view

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

Among the benefits of ‘aqeeqah are: It is a sacrifice by means of which the child is brought close to Allaah soon after he comes into this world. [8]

 

Giving Adhan(Azan) and Aqamath in the ears of new born

There are two views about this matter. Some scholars are giving permission and some other scholars are not giving permission.

 

Some scholars give permission and mentioning the wisdom behind this act on the basis of some Islamic sources. And they said that welcoming the newborn by Adhan should be recited into the baby’s right ear so that the first thing he hears in this world will be the words of Tawheed, which will have a great and blessed effect on the child. With regard to reciting the aqaamah in the child’s left ear. But according to the research of Shaik Naseer Uddin Albani (may Allah have mercy on him)giving Adhan or Aqamah in the ears of a new born child is unauthentic, for details See al-Silsilat al-Da’eefah, 1/491 by Shaik Albani. [9]

 

Seek Allah's protection for children

The Prophet (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) used to seek Allah's protection for Al-Hasan and Al-Husain by saying: (Dua to safeguard from Evil Eyes) "U'eezukumaa bikalimaatil-laahit-taammati min kulli shaytaanin wa haammatin, wa min kulli 'aynin laammatin".

 

Translation: "I seek protection for you in the Perfect Words of Allah from every devil and every beast and from every envious blameworthy eye" Sahih Al Bukhari Vol 4:119. [10]

 

Latest Research

A dose of sugar given as a gel rubbed into the inside of the cheek is a cheap and effective way to protect premature babies against brain damage, say experts. Researchers from New Zealand tested the gel therapy in 242 babies under their care and, based on the results, say it should now be a first-line treatment.

 

Andy Cole, chief executive of premature baby charity Bliss, said: "This is a very interesting piece of new research and we always welcome anything that has the potential to improve outcomes for babies born premature or sick. [11]

 

Islam is more advance then the modern day science; Prophet Muhammad(S) over 1400 years ago gave this sunnah called Tahnik – putting something sweet, such as dates, in the child’s mouth when the child is new born. Sahih al-Bukhaari, 5150; Muslim, 2145

 

See Also

Tasmiya; DatesCircumcision ; Importance of the Sunnah; Tahneek; Abortion; Children; Baby names;

 

References

[1] http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=555

[2] http://www.qss.org/archives/aqeeqah.html

[3] http://www.bakkah.net/en/ruling-aqeeqah-obligation-recommended-sunnah.htm

[4] [8] [9] [10] http://islamqa.info/en/ref/7889/tahneek

[5] http://www.qss.org/archives/aqeeqah.html#N_22_

[6] http://www.quransunnah.com/modules.php?name=QNA&l_op=viewfatwa&lid=829

[7] http://www.alukah.net/sharia/0/46177/#ixzz3CPUIjgXq

[11] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-24224206

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